Spectacular image of the moon taken by India & # 39; s groundbreaking Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft reveals the pock-low moon surface of 1,646 miles above
- Chandrayaan-2 made an image of the moon using his built-in camera
- The photo was taken at an altitude of 2,646 miles (2,650 km) above the surface
- Mission hopes to make India the fourth nation to successfully land on the moon
- It will arrive at the lunar South Pole on September 7 if everything goes according to current plans
A stunning image of the moon was taken by the groundbreaking Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft from India from the moon.
It broke an image of the bare surface and its countless craters caused by a barrage of quirky meteorites.
The photo was taken at a height of 2,646 miles (2,650 km) above the moon and includes a view of the Apollo crater and the Mare Orientalis.
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The stunning image of the moon (photo) was taken by India's groundbreaking Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft from the moon's orbit. It includes a look at the Apollo crater and the Mare Orientalis
WHAT IS CHANDRAYAN-2?
Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar probe of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It consists of three modules, an Orbiter, a Lander named Vikram and a Rover named Pragyan.
The Orbiter has a terrain mapping camera to help prepare 3D surface maps, an X-ray spectrometer looking for key elements such as titanium and sodium, and another high-resolution camera to keep the other modules safe Nations.
Vikram will have an instrument to detect seismic activity on the moon, and a thermal probe that will investigate the thermal conductivity of the surface.
Pragyan will have an alpha-particle X-ray spectrometer that examines the elemental composition of the surface and a laser-induced degradation spectroscope that looks at the abundance of different elements in the neighborhood. The entire mission cost around 10 billion rupees (£ 120 million).
The Indian Space Research Organization said the Chandrayaan – the Sanskrit word for & # 39; lunar vessels & # 39; – maneuvered in a moon orbit on Tuesday.
The exact moment that happened was 09:02 local time (04:32 GMT) and Chandrayaan will continue to circle the planet in a tighter orbit until a distance of about 62 miles from the surface is reached.
The lander will then separate himself from the runway and use rocket fuel to brake while attempting to land on the moon's South Pole on September 7.
A robber searches for water deposits that have been confirmed by an earlier Indian moon mission.
Scientists have said that the moon's water deposits can make a good gas station for further space travel.
The $ 145 million (£ 116 million) mission was launched on July 22, and Indian officials hope it will be the first ever to land at the South Pole of the Moon.
It is the second lunar probe of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), and the first that is intended to land on the moon and that will land on September 6.
Location, location, location: the various lunar landings throughout history – illustrated from country to country, including US, India will only become the fourth country, after the US, Russia and China, to reach the Earth's satellite if successful
India only becomes the fourth country, after the US, Russia and China, to reach the Earth's satellite if it is successful.
The ISRO has said that he has chosen to explore the South Pole because there may be water in the permanently shaded areas, which may pave the way for future inhabitation by the moon.
It also hopes to examine the inside of craters – falling cold – to gain a better understanding of the evolution of the moon.
These areas have remained extremely cold for a long time and scientists think they are likely to contain a fossil record from the early solar system.
Chandrayaan-2 has three modules, an Orbiter, a Lander named Vikram and a Rover named Pragyan, which & # 39; wisdom & # 39; means in Sanskrit.
Launch: ISRO & # 39; s Chandrayaan-2 is launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, an island off the coast of the southern state of Andhra Pradesh
Vikram, named after Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Program, should land on a high plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, which are approximately 70 ° south.
From there, the six-wheeled robotic vehicle Pragyan rolls out and spends a Monday, or two weeks on Earth, on the surface with scientific experiments.
ISRO hopes that topographical studies, mineralogical analyzes and other experiments will help the world to better understand the origin of the moon.
Using solar energy to feed itself, Pragyan can communicate with the Lander, who in turn can send information to both the Indian Deep Space Network in Byalalu and the Orbiter.
Former NASA scientist Kumar Krishen said that the space agency in India should be praised for taking on ambitious projects such as Chandrayaan-2.
& # 39; We must not forget that space exploration is risky because many systems have failed in the past and many lives have been lost & he said to AFP.
WHAT HAS INDIA & # 39; S SPACE AGENCY DONE TO REACH THE MOON?
Chandrayaan-1 was the first orbit of India, launched in 2008.
The £ 49 million ($ 69 million) mission was launched amidst national euphoria, bringing India to the Asian space race alongside rival China and reinforcing its claim as a global power.
A vehicle landed on the moon a month later and returned images from the surface of the moon.
In 2009, India ended the mission a year earlier than planned, after scientists had lost all contact with their unmanned spacecraft.
Chandrayaan-1 (photo) was India's first lunar orbiter launched in 2008. The £ 49 million ($ 69 million) mission was launched amid national euphoria
According to experts, a crucial sensor in the main vessel functioned in July.
The satellite is believed to have crashed into the surface of the moon.
& # 39; Our efforts to make contact have failed. The mission has ended, & said S Satish, at the time of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
& # 39; There was no point in continuing with the mission. & # 39;
Called Chandrayaan-2, it takes between one and two months to reach the course and once the rover reaches the surface, it will explore the area around the South Pole.
It is the second lunar probe of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
Weighing nearly 3,300 kg (7,300 pounds), the spacecraft will take off from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, off the southwest coast of India.
It is now scheduled for launch in January 2019.
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