Trendy water pipes smoking water pipes can be more dangerous than other forms of smoking, scientists have said.
Researchers have discovered that a draw of the table pipe has the same amount of hazardous substances as an entire cigarette.
Smokers from the sweet-smelling pipers also get a higher dose of chemicals because smoking sessions in bars and lounges can go on for hours.
Contrary to popular belief, the water tank does not filter smoke and makes & # 39; healthier & # 39 ;, the scientists say.
They discovered that the water actually creates ultra-fine particles that can reach the deepest parts of the lungs.
Hookah pipes have grown in popularity in recent years, with up to one-fifth of young people in the US and Europe using them, as well as famous footballers and celebrities.
Experts have previously warned that the negative effects are the equivalent or worse than smoking a pack of cigarettes.
Smoking trendy bongs (photo, Kylie Minogue) can be more dangerous than other forms of smoking, scientists in California said
Chemists discovered that the water in the water pipe creates ultra-fine particles that are able to reach the deepest parts of the lungs. The Canadian rapper Drake is thought to be a fan of shisha who smokes after he broke on Instagram and surrendered to a water pipe
Water pipe is an old form of smoking in which charcoal-heated tobacco or shisha-based tobacco is passed through water before inhalation.
Lead author Professor Veronique Perraud said: & One of the great myths about using water pipes is that the water in the bowl filters out the toxic chemicals and protects the smoker.
& # 39; In the study, we show that this is not the case for most gases.
& # 39; These measured emissions of volatile substances and particles are compared to those of a reference cigarette and represent the equivalent of the emission of one or more whole cigarettes for a single puff of water pipe smoke. & # 39;
Chemists at the University of California Irvine analyzed emissions during a typical water pipe session with customized equipment.
Professor Perraud said: “Hookah mainstream smoke – that which is directly inhaled by the user – has many toxic and harmful chemicals, such as nicotine, that can lead to tobacco addiction; irritating carbonyl compounds; and benzene, a known carcinogen.
WHAT IS HOOKAH?
Hookah is an old form of smoking, also known as narghile, hookah or bubbles with bubbles, which uses charcoal-heated tobacco or tobacco-based shisha smoke that is passed through water before inhalation.
It is often seen as less toxic compared to cigarettes, in addition to e-cigarettes and vapors.
The available sweet flavors make shisha smoking desirable, especially the young people – about half of the smoking teens are this way.
Hookah smokers can spend a long time in lounges and bars inhaling the fumes.
A typical one-hour water pipe session consists of 200 puffs, which breathe in 90,000 milliliters of smoke.
Cigarette smoking includes 20 clouds of smoke, which, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, results in the inhalation of 500 – 600 milliliters of smoke.
World champion sprinter Usain Bolt and Manchester City striker Sergio Aguero are both depicted as smoking shisha.
And musicians like Drake, Katy Perry and Kylie Minogue have all been depicted with a water pipe in recent years.
But more and more evidence shows that smoking shisha is not safe.
& # 39; And because of the larger volume that is inhaled for each draft and the longer duration of a smoking session, the water pipe often delivers a higher dose of those chemicals to the smoker. & # 39;
The water pipe produced a considerably larger amount of carbon monoxide (CO) compared to a cigarette, according to the findings published in the journal Aerosol Science and Technology.
This is mainly due to the burning of charcoal to heat the tobacco or spice mixture in the bowl.
The dose of CO from a single hookah smoking session was equal to a dose of CO from 12 cigarettes, the authors wrote.
They noted that there have been several cases in which water pipe users have suffered from CO intoxication.
The team discovered that the nicotine-free herbal blend, often marketed as a healthier alternative, contains even higher levels of toxic gases in regular smoke.
The study is the first to report on the size of particles produced from water pipe smoke.
Ultra-fine particles – those with a diameter smaller than 100 nanometers – were clearly visible at the start of the water pipe session.
Professor Perraud said: & # 39; We could demonstrate that a smoker is exposed to a larger amount of ultrafine particles during the first 10 minutes compared to the rest of the time. & # 39;
Shisha usually consists of a bowl that contains tobacco and is attached to a hose that leads from a body of water to a mouthpiece (photo). Researchers said that the water promotes the formation of ultra-fine particles
Lead author Professor Veronique Perraud said that the idea that the water bowl provides a shield for the smoker is a & # 39; great myth & # 39; is. Singer Katy Perry is depicted with a smoking shisha
After ten minutes, the dose of hookah mainstream smoke particles received by one smoker in one puff was somewhat similar to the dose of a cigarette.
The small particles can entail significant health risks because they can penetrate deep into the lung system.
The smallest – as small as four nanometers – can easily cross the blood-brain barrier, which limits the passage of toxic substances.
Professor Perraud said: "Possibly because of the cooling effect, water promotes the formation of ultra-fine particles."
The cooler burning contents of the hookah bowl also produces an increased amount of glycerol, the researchers found.
When heated, this normally harmless substance is used as a food additive, producing small aldehydes that are irritants and potential carcinogens, including carbon monoxide, acrolein and acetaldehyde and benzene.
The researchers are conducting further research, supported by the National Institutes of Health.
In January 2019, scientists from the Brighton and Sussex Medical School warned that shisha smoking significantly increased the risk of diabetes and obesity & # 39; raises and is worse than a whole pack of cigarettes.
And in March, the American Heart Association published a statement that warned that a water pipe session of just half an hour causes users to absorb more carbon monoxide than smoking a cigarette.
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