Smokers from & # 39; light & # 39; or menthol cigarettes are just as likely to die from lung cancer as those using standard types & # 39;
- The risks of lighter cigarettes are just as high as normal cigarettes, researchers said
- They are concerned that people think there is a & # 39; safer & # 39; option if that is not the case
- Unfiltered cigarettes are the worst – doubling the risk of lung cancer
Smokers from & # 39; light & # 39; or menthol cigarettes are just as likely to die from lung cancer as those who use traditional ones, researchers say.
Scientists have warned that there is no safe cigarette, although people think that low-tar options can be a healthier choice.
Researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina analyzed health reports from 14,000 smokers, between 55 and 74 years old.
All volunteers smoked at least 30 & # 39; pack years & # 39; – the number of packs per day multiplied by years of smoking.
Academics calculated the effect of smoking habits on the incidence and mortality of lung cancer, as well as all-cause deaths, although it is not clear which other causes were investigated.
No difference was found in the incidence of lung cancer or deaths, or all-cause death, between normal smokers and light or ultra-light smokers.
Smokers who & # 39; light & # 39; or use menthol cigarettes are just as likely to die from lung cancer as regular smokers, experts from the Medical University of South Carolina have said
Main author Dr. Nina Thomas said: & # 39; There is still the idea that light or ultralight might be better for you, and it is not.
& # 39; All cigarettes are bad. They all increase the risk of lung cancer and the risk of death from lung cancer. & # 39;
However, the results showed that light cigarette smokers – sold by brands such as Marlboro – were less dependent on tobacco.
But they were less likely to kick the habit than regular cigarette smokers, according to data from The National Lung Screening Trial in the US.
WHAT ARE THE HEALTH RISKS OF SMOKING?
Smoking is one of the leading causes of death and illnesses in the UK.
Every year around 78,000 people in the UK die from smoking, and many more live with debilitating smoking-related illnesses.
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable diseases, disabilities and death in the United States.
Every year nearly half a million Americans die prematurely from smoking or exposure to passive smoking. Another 16 million lives with a serious illness caused by smoking.
Smoking increases the risk of developing more than 50 serious health problems.
Some can be deadly and others can cause irreversible damage in the long run.
Smoking causes about seven out of ten cases of lung cancer and also causes other cancers.
It damages the heart and blood circulation, increasing the risk of developing conditions such as coronary heart disease, a heart attack or a stroke.
Breathing in passive smoking, also known as passive smoking, increases the risk that you will get the same health conditions as smokers.
Light or ultra-light cigarettes, developed in the 1960s, are advertised as less tobacco, nicotine, tar and a milder taste. Menthol cigarettes are flavored with menthol.
And Dr. Thomas added that there was also no difference in one of the outcomes when comparing menthol smokers with adults who loved normal cigarettes.
But smokers of unfiltered cigarettes were 40 percent more likely to get lung cancer and almost twice as likely to die from it.
They are also 30 percent more likely to die from whatever cause and are more dependent when compared to filtered cigarette smokers.
Filtered cigarettes – with the filter on top – were introduced in the 1950s as a solution to growing concerns about cigarette safety.
Before that, all cigarettes were & # 39; unfiltered & # 39; sold, which you can still make with shag today.
Dr. Thomas said that several changes to cigarettes have been made in the last 70 years in response to public concern about health risks.
"Despite these changes, smoking remains associated with 90 percent of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death," she said.
Smoking rates have fallen over the past 50 years, but around 40 million Americans still smoke, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The number of smokers in the UK has also fallen in recent decades to a record depth of only 14.9 percent, according to the NHS.
Of those who do smoke, 60.8 percent plan to quit, according to the Bureau of National Statistics.
There are approximately 46,700 new cases of lung cancer in the UK each year and in 2018 an estimated 234,000 new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed in the US.
INFRINGEMENT DAMAGE THE LUNGS LIKE CIGARETTES, STUDY FIND
Popular heated tobacco devices can do the same damage to lung cells as traditional cigarettes, said researchers at the University of Technology Sydney.
Meanwhile, e-cigarettes – or vape, as is well known – are also toxic to the cells that protect the lungs, so may not be a safe alternative.
Both electronic devices are now thought to cause respiratory damage in people with emphysema, bronchitis and cancer lung diseases.
Australian researchers did laboratory tests on the effects of the devices and cigarettes on epithelial cells and smooth muscle cells extracted from the human respiratory tract.
In healthy lungs, epithelial cells act as the first line of defense for foreign particles entering the airways, while smooth muscle cells retain their structure.
The study found that the devices damage the lung cells that protect the airways, in a similar way to cigarette smoke, causing scarring and the airways in lung patients.
The study found that the electronic devices caused this damage, including changes in cell structure and function, as well as a & # 39; cry for help & # 39; inflammatory response.
That inflammatory response was just as strong for the heated tobacco machine as when the lung cells were exposed to smoke from Marlboro Red cigarettes.
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