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Sit-down restaurants, fast food chains and hotels have been accused of being ‘super spreader’ companies

Restaurants, fast food chains and hotels are the three places where people will contract the most corona virus, scientists warn.

Researchers analyzed nearly a million companies in eight US states, including New York and California, during the crisis.

They said that restaurants, fast food chains, and hotels were ‘super spreader’ businesses because they are often tightly packed and people stay around for a long time.

It may explain why the US – where people are thought to eat out up to four times a week – has become the Covid-19 capital of the world.

New York and California are two of the most affected states in the US, with 367,000 and 97,000 infections, respectively. The densely populated states are also home to the largest number of restaurants.

According to the National Restaurant Association, California has the most dining options by far at 87,225, followed by the state of New York, which has 58,027 restaurants.

The bottom line is that a total of 38 U.S. states have now allowed restaurants to reopen for some form of dinner services, or have announced plans to do so.

In most states, they are allowed to rotate only with a 25 to 50 percent capacity, and tables must be six feet apart.

New York and Philadelphia were two of the worst-hit regions in the U.S. during the pandemic (left), while California itself has had major outbreaks (right)

New York and Philadelphia were two of the worst-hit regions in the U.S. during the pandemic (left), while California itself has had major outbreaks (right)

More than 23.00 people died in New York State on May 15, including at least 765 deaths in nursing homes

More than 23.00 people died in New York State on May 15, including at least 765 deaths in nursing homes

More than 23.00 people died in New York State on May 15, including at least 765 deaths in nursing homes

Compared to New York, the entire state of California, which quit prematurely, had only 3,774 deaths on May 25.

Compared to New York, the entire state of California, which quit prematurely, had only 3,774 deaths on May 25.

Compared to New York, the entire state of California, which quit prematurely, had only 3,774 deaths on May 25.

Experts believe that many clusters of Covid-19 infections are due to so-called “super-spreading” events.

In most cases, these coronavirus outbreaks can be traced back to a unique, highly contagious individual known as a ‘super spreader’.

About one in ten people who get the virus pass infections on to many more people than the majority.

On May 25, over 16,565 people died of coronavirus in New York City

On May 25, over 16,565 people died of coronavirus in New York City

On May 25, over 16,565 people died of coronavirus in New York City

WHAT IS A SUPER SPREADER?

Super spreaders have existed throughout history, with Irish chef ‘Typhoid Mary’ being one of the most famous for passing on typhus without ever getting sick himself.

While the coronavirus outbreak sees each patient infect between two and three people before they are isolated and recovered, some people may infect more.

Scientists have realized that about one in ten people can be considered ‘super spreaders’.

This means that they infect many more people before they realize they are sick or before they become infectious.

They are particularly dangerous because those who don’t know they are sick are less likely to change their behavior to avoid passing on the infection.

A notorious example is a woman named Mary Mallon, nicknamed Typhoid Mary, who worked in New York in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

She was one of the first people to carry the bacteria that cause typhus but not suffer from the disease.

Not knowing she had the infection, she is said to have transmitted the infection to 51 people, three of whom died from the disease, and caused an outbreak that affected about 3,000 people in New York City.

And because nothing special can be done to stop these super-spreading events, they still happen.

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa between 2013 and 2016 assumed that only three percent of patients were responsible for more than half of about 28,000 infections, the BBC reported.

There are a number of theories as to why super spreaders are more contagious, but no definitive answer.

Some suggest that super spreaders’ immune systems cannot suppress the virus.

Others say their immune system is so good that they don’t experience any symptoms, so they just go on with their lives and pass it on to others.

There are a number of theories as to why they are more contagious – but no definitive answer.

Some suggest that super spreaders’ immune systems cannot suppress the virus.

Others say their immune system is so good that they don’t experience any symptoms, so they just go on with their lives and pass it on to others.

In the new study, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Pennsylvania State University and the University of Pennsylvania analyzed coronavirus transmission in 918,094 companies in eight states.

They did this by breaking down Covid-19 cases by province between January 22 and May 22 and comparing the data with pre-pandemic studies of consumer behavior.

The academics used data from the 2018 American Community Survey of the United States’ Census Bureau, which surveyed Americans about their frequency of company visits and the average length of their stay.

In all, there were 187 counties in eight states, including Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, New York, and California.

They identified 156,307 individual companies as super spreaders at a total of 918,094 sites.

Of the super-spreader businesses, 116,605 were diners, 26,196 were limited-service restaurants, such as delis, fast food chains, and take-aways, and 13,432 were hotels and motels.

The scientists said there was a direct link between Covid business and the number of restaurants, fast food outlets and hotels.

They warned of a second wave of the epidemic and more deaths if there were no strict restrictions when these sites reopen.

Write in the study – which has not yet been published in a journal or investigated by other scientists – the researchers said, “While the public and states are willing to reopen the economy, experts warned about the resurgence of the virus and the death toll if we open our economy prematurely.

“Given the empirical evidence for the potential impact of super spreaders in the spread of Covid-19, it is crucial to evaluate which companies, events, establishments and industries should reopen first and which have a greater risk of spreading the virus.

“We find a positive association between the density of super spreader companies and Covid-19 cases.

“Our results suggest that a one percentage point increase in super spreader companies results in a 5 percent increase in Covid-19 cases, everything else is equal.”

The researchers also found that people are much less likely to contract the virus in outdoor establishments, such as beer gardens and outdoor dining establishments.

They said the risk was 18 times lower than somewhere with a closed roof due to a lack of fresh air.

It comes after separate research identified choir meetings, gym classes and business conferences as ‘super-spreading’ events.

Experts from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine found that many outbreaks of Covid-19 infections can be attributed to so-called ‘super-spreading’ events.

Gyms lend themselves as the perfect place to spread the virus, because of the environment and because there are many people (stock)

Gyms lend themselves as the perfect place to spread the virus, because of the environment and because there are many people (stock)

Gyms lend themselves as the perfect place to spread the virus, because of the environment and because there are many people (stock)

Choirs, gym classes and business conferences and other 'super-spreader events' may be responsible for most cases of coronavirus, scientists say (stock)

Choirs, gym classes and business conferences and other 'super-spreader events' may be responsible for most cases of coronavirus, scientists say (stock)

Choirs, gym classes and business conferences and other ‘super-spreader events’ may be responsible for most cases of coronavirus, scientists say (stock)

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported a major outbreak that resulted from a choir rehearsal in Washington state. About 52 people fell ill as a result of one index case (photo). In total, 61 people attended the rehearsal

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported a major outbreak that resulted from a choir rehearsal in Washington state. About 52 people fell ill as a result of one index case (photo). In total, 61 people attended the rehearsal

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported a major outbreak that resulted from a choir rehearsal in Washington state. About 52 people fell ill as a result of one index case (photo). In total, 61 people attended the rehearsal

One of the best examples of this, they said, is a choral rehearsal in Washington State, where 87 percent of the 61 singers contracted the infection.

Scientists at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine say that about 80 percent of Covid cases are caused by super spreaders.

The researchers said the emphasis in controlling the epidemic should be on limiting events where super spreaders can wreak havoc.

Super spread is known to occur in nursing homes, hospitals and religious sites – but the scientists say other unusual events can lead to clusters of cases.

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