Controversial swimmer Shayna Jack may have accidentally taken a powerful muscle-strengthening drug that is popular with bodybuilders through a protein shake.
Jack was sent to shame this month prior to the World Championships after a drug test on June 26 found the banned substance Ligandrol in her system.
Experts warn that she is likely to keep the maximum suspension of four years under control and hope for her 2020 Olympic expectations, even if she accidentally took it.
Ligandrol is praised as a side effect-free alternative to steroids for gaining muscle mass and is easily available online in pure form or as an ingredient in protein powder.
Shayna Jack, 20, suggested that the prohibited substance Ligandrol in her drug test should have been ingested via & # 39; contaminated supplements & # 39;
Ligandrol (stock image) is praised as an alternative to steroid-free side effects for gaining muscle mass and is easily available online in pure form or as an ingredient in protein powder
Jack, 20, vowed to fight the doping charge and insisted that she was not a drug addict, implying that her supplements were to blame.
& # 39; I didn't intentionally take this substance, I didn't even know it was in my system … I now know this can be found in contaminated supplements, & # 39; she said.
However, sports physician Peter Larkins said that Jack is in & # 39; deep problems & # 39; wrong even if they are just & # 39; stupid & # 39; and accidentally used the forbidden anabolic agent.
& # 39; Ultimately, if you get a positive drug test, you are responsible for having in your system & # 39 ;, he told Daily Mail Australia.
Former president of Sports Medicine Australia Peter Larkins said that Jack is in & # 39; deep trouble & # 39; even if she has not intentionally taken the forbidden anabolic remedy
Dr. Larkins, a former president of Sports Medicine Australia, said that Jack may have accidentally taken Ligandrol in a protein or nutritional supplement or recovery powder, as she had suggested.
He said that small doses cleared up an athlete's system within 48 hours, so Jack should use it almost every day.
The key to her case would be whether Ligandrol, or LGD-403, was a listed ingredient in the supplement, but anyway a huge penalty was likely.
& # 39; Or she's really stupid and will be listed on the side of the can, or it will be a hidden ingredient that is a real trap for athletes, especially if they buy it online or abroad, & # 39 ; he said.
& # 39; This is a very powerful testosterone agent – it is not an asthma drug that she has accidentally taken, this is a great performance-enhancing drug and so the chance of receiving the full sentence is quite high. & # 39;
Jack would have no defense if Ligandrol was a listed ingredient, but it was still her responsibility to have everything she tested tested – something that drilled all Australian athletes.
Jack protested against her innocence and promised to erase her name while being confronted with an ASADA ban that would almost certainly put her offside for the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo
Jack said she had never heard of Ligandrol, let alone pronounce it, but believed it was found in & # 39; contaminated supplements & # 39;
The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority could give her a discount on her prohibition if it turned out that she had not done this alone.
The American MMA hunter Walt Harris was only banned for four months in April after it appeared that his supplements contained Ligandrol but were not listed.
WHAT IS LIGANDROL?
Ligandrol is a little-known drug that is favored by bodybuilders to repair worn muscles.
It is known that it increases muscle mass.
The drug is currently undergoing clinical trials and is believed to be found only on the black market.
It is marketed as a possible treatment for osteoporosis and muscle degradation disorders.
Jack insists that the drug can be found in & # 39; contaminated supplements & # 39 ;.
It was not clear which supplement Harris or Jack used, or whether they were made by the same company.
Former AFL player Ahmed Saad received a discount in 2013 for taking a prohibited stimulant that was on the side of the energy drink cans he drank.
Dr. However, Larkins believed that ASADA's attitude had hardened since then and that Jack would probably have little or no mercy.
& # 39; There used to be a lower penalty for mitigating circumstances when it was really a mistake and they were stupid, but in this age we are much stricter for people who violate the drug code, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; Knowing that you need to have a supplement tested is not a new concept, and five years ago it was giving discounts for unintended use content.
& # 39; So in 2019 I would be surprised if there is a discount, but that is up to the tribunal. & # 39;
Dr. Larkins said Jack would receive even less leniency after Mack Horton's podium protest against the accused Chinese drug deception Sun Yang.
The gold medalist faces a maximum suspension of four years for her first offense and promised to fight the charge, claiming she is not a drug addict
The American MMA hunter Walt Harris was only banned for four months in April after it appeared that his supplements contained Ligandrol but did not mention
& # 39; The responsibility at the moment is much higher, especially with what happened to Sun Yang and our finger pointing – there would be protest if we gave our guilty athlete a discount, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; It could not have been a worse timing, it is very embarrassing for Swimming Australia. & # 39;
Swimming World drama championships
* Chinese swimmer Sun Yang is being investigated for claims that he has broken a blood vial with a hammer to prevent it from being tested
* Australia Mack Horton responds by refusing to share the podium with him at the World Championships
* British swimmer Duncan Scott does the same in a different breed and evokes an angry Sun tirade
* The abstention of Australian swimmer Shayna Jack from the competition appears to be the result of a positive drug test
* She is immediately destroyed by Chinese fans who claim it makes Australians hypocritical
Dr. Larkins said he was frustrated that athletes were still making such serious mistakes, given the amount of sports authorities training them.
& # 39; We have no good data on this at all, but our educational process is exemplary compared to many other countries & # 39 ;, he said.
& # 39; You can buy a cake in a store and you don't know what's inside, you have to accept it in good faith. You don't have to have your lunch tested before you go to work, but we are talking about high stakes here.
& # 39; If you are a top athlete hoping to go to the Olympics, your entire career is at stake, so if you take a product, especially a product that is not made in Australia, you need to make sure it is pure content is. & # 39;
Lisa Curry, who swam to Australia at three Olympics, agreed that regardless of the situation, it was always the responsibility of an athlete to control what they consumed.
& # 39; If it does not knowingly take something, it unconsciously takes something, but ignorance is not an excuse – it is the athlete's responsibility to know what is not being tested as positive, & # 39; she told The Project.
ASADA warned Australian athletes in December that the number of positive tests for Ligandrol increased by nine positive tests in 2017 – an increase of six in 2016 and two in 2015.
Dr. Larkins said Jack would receive even less leniency after Mack Hortons (left) podium protest against accused Chinese drug counterfeiter Sun Yang (center)
The drug, known as a selective androgen receptor modulator, is made to treat muscle wasting disorders such as aging, osteoporosis, muscular dystrophy and cancer.
Mack Horton on the Shayna Jack drug test
Horton said that his teammate's positive test had not changed his attitude to doping.
& # 39; I was disappointed to hear late yesterday that a fellow team member from Dolphins had recently returned a positive A sample, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; I welcome the decision to immediately remove the relevant athlete from further competition until this issue is resolved.
& # 39; My position remains strong – clean sport must be a priority for all athletes, all sports and all countries. & # 39;
However, it is promoted in fitness circles as a selective non-steroidal anabolic agent alleged muscle and bone growth without the side effects associated with the use of steroids.
Bodybuilding websites call it a & # 39; dream & # 39; that in just 8-12 weeks & # 39; stunning & # 39; results of muscle growth and fat loss.
Reviews claimed it also had more energy without the ups and downs of other additives and improved cardiovascular strength.
& # 39; It's a great option for anyone looking for excellent results while dodging steroids & # 39 ;, concluded one.
Ligandrol has not yet completed any clinical trials and therefore the long-term legality and health effects are turbid.
& # 39; It should be noted that a number of SARM & # 39; s health risks entail, especially for the heart and liver, & # 39; said ASADA.
Jack is determined that she has done nothing wrong and should not defend her reputation & # 39 ;.
"In Australia, in a sport like swimming, I have the feeling that an athlete cannot deliberately take a prohibited substance in any way and cannot get caught," she said.
& # 39; I get tested about every four to six weeks, so why should I take something banned and do this to myself?
& # 39; Especially in the run-up to the competition, where I could be tested daily. Why should I give myself this misery and run the risk of jeopardizing my career and my character?
& # 39; I have not and would not cheat and will continue to fight to clear my name. & # 39;
How Swimming Australia & # 39; distressed & # 39; was when he saw Mack Horton's protest – knowing about Shayna Jack's positive test
Australia's swimming leader Leigh Russell was sad when Mack Horton stepped up his world title anti-doping protest in South Korea, knowing that Shayna Jack had tested positive.
But one of the few others who was aware of Jack's situation at the time, Australian team coach Jacco Verhaeren, says he didn't feel uncomfortable and would have joined Horton's podium protest if he could.
Jack was sent home from the team training world championships in Japan after initially passing a drug test on June 26.
She sensationally revealed through social media on Sunday that her B monster on July 19 had also tested positive for Ligandrol, a non-steroidal anabolic substance that is popular with bodybuilders.
Russell said that the confidentiality required by SA & # 39; s agreement with the national anti-doping institute ASADA did not allow it to reveal Jack's first positive test.
Swimming President Leigh Russell of Australia on Sunday stood by the organization procedure and refused to provide further details
Australian team swimmers competing in the South Korea World Championships were not told about her positive A monster until the news broke out Saturday, a month later.
Russell said she understood that Jack was planning to reveal the A-positive test later this week, after the world titles ended, when it would not be a distraction for the dolphins.
But Russell acknowledged that he & # 39; is concerned & # 39; felt when Horton ran a podium protest last weekend against the controversial Chinese star Sun Yang, who served a doping ban for 2014.
Asked if she would have her & # 39; head in her hands & # 39; when Horton did not recognize Sun, Russell said: & yes, it was so difficult.
& # 39; I absolutely support Mack. He has the right to say and do about an issue that he is passionate about and so do we. This has not changed our thinking about a zero tolerance approach or our policy.
& # 39; But I certainly watched Mack (protest), worried about what would happen to both Shayna and Mack in the coming days and week (as soon as the news about the positive test became known). & # 39;
Verhaeren did not believe that Jack's positive test had affected Horton's protest message and claimed that the Olympic champion would still have done it if he knew about Jack's test.
& # 39; The question will be asked & # 39; should he have done that? & # 39 ;, & # 39; Said Verhaeren in Gwangju.
& # 39; I think so, because that is also a completely different subject. This is about someone who stands up for clean sport and we still do that today.
& # 39; If the encounter began tomorrow with this knowledge, he would stay there again and if I could I would stand beside him. & # 39;
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