Scientists collect the first mysterious radio signal from deep space

The brief burst of radio waves detected by the cutting-edge Canadian telescope of hydrogen intensity mapping (CHIME)

A short burst of radio sent from an unknown source throughout the universe has been captured by the cutting-edge CHIME telescope in Canada.

The signal, known as Fast Radio Burst (FRB), lasted only a matter of milliseconds.

The researchers state that the signal is the first radio emission received from the entire universe with a frequency lower than 700 MHz, the lowest frequency FRB ever recorded.

As a result, scientists believe that anything that produces the signal, which has been marked as "FRB 180725A", is likely to be extremely powerful.

FRBs are extremely rare, with abrupt radio emissions first discovered in 2007 and only two dozen examples recorded since then.

Experts are still investigating what causes the FRB, with possible explanations, such as the explosion of black holes and advanced extraterrestrial civilizations.

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The brief burst of radio waves detected by the cutting-edge Canadian telescope of hydrogen intensity mapping (CHIME)

The brief burst of radio waves detected by the cutting-edge Canadian telescope of hydrogen intensity mapping (CHIME)

The radio emission was detected for the first time by the Canadian hydrogen intensity mapping experiment (CHIME), which has been in operation for less than a year.

The FRB was detected by the expansive CHIME, four U-shaped cylinders 100 meters long on July 32, 2018.

CHIME is designed to record signals sent when the universe was between 6,000 and 11,000,000,000 years old.

Christopher Conselice, professor of astrophysics at the University of Nottingham, told MailOnline that this discovery could help pave the way for a better understanding of the causes of FRB.

"We do not know their origin, they could be caused by a series of things," he said.

"The fact that the lower frequency FRB has been detected provides hope that we can understand more about where they come from and what causes them.

"They could be caused by exploding stars, supernovas, exotic stars such as pulsars, magnetars, neutron stars or massive black holes in the center of distant galaxies.

"It could even be some other physical mechanism that we still do not understand."

Patrick Boyle, from McGill University, reported for the first time on the detection of low frequency FRB with a post in the astronomical publication "Astronomer & # 39; s Telegram & # 39 ;.

The publication reads: & # 39; During its ongoing start-up, CHIME / FRM detected FRB 180725A in 2018 on July 25 at 17:59: 43,115 UTC (18: 59: 43.15 BST / 13: 59: 43.15 ET).

& # 39; The event is clearly detected at frequencies as low as 580 MHz and represents the first detection of an FRB at radio frequencies below 700 MHz & # 39 ;.

Professor Conselice told MailOnline that RBAs probably occur regularly, and that they probably arrive on Earth thousands of times a day.

Until now, however, human tools have only been able to detect the highest energy emissions.

He said that CHIME's highly sensitive tools made discovery possible, and short bursts of radio waves will be detected more frequently as the technology improves.

The telescope that discovered the mysterious signal is the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME, pictured), which has been open for less than a year.

The telescope that discovered the mysterious signal is the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME, pictured), which has been open for less than a year.

The telescope that discovered the mysterious signal is the Canadian Hydrogen Intensity Mapping Experiment (CHIME, pictured), which has been open for less than a year.

According to the CHIME researchers, anything that produces the signal in the depths of space is probably extremely powerful.

Whatever the source, it has produced the signal several times, scientists say.

Research on FRB is still in its infancy, with the first signs detected less than a decade ago.

Since then, only about two dozen FRBs on Earth have been detected, which means that there is little prior research for scientists.

"Rapid radio bursts are extremely bright due to their short duration and origin at great distances, and we have not identified a possible natural source with any confidence," said Avi Loeb, of the Harvard-Smithsonian Research Institute for Astrophysics.

& # 39; It is worth contemplating and verifying an artificial origin & # 39;

The mystery surrounding these signals comes from the fact that scientists can not yet determine what is capable of producing such a short and sharp burst of radio waves.

Boyle adds: "Additional FRBs have been found from FRB 180725A and some have flow at frequencies as low as 400 MHz.

WHAT ARE RAPID RADIO BURSTS?

Rapid radio bursts, or FRB, are radio broadcasts that appear temporarily and randomly, so they are not only difficult to find, but also difficult to study.

The mystery comes from the fact that it is not known what could produce such a short and sharp outburst.

This has led some to speculate that they could be anything from crashing stars to artificially created messages.

The first FRB was discovered, or rather, "heard" by radio telescopes, in 2007.

But it was so temporary and seemingly random that it took astronomers years to accept that it was not a fault in any of the telescope's instruments.

These events have occurred both day and night and their arrival times are not correlated with known on-site activities or other known sources of terrestrial radio frequency (RFI) interference.

CHIME is a "half pipe" radio telescope that contains four U-shaped cylinders 100 meters long (328 feet), which allows it to detect signals of when the universe was between 6 and 11 billion years old.

"With the CHIME telescope we will measure the expansion history of the universe and hope to further expand our understanding of the mysterious dark energy that drives the expansion," said Dr. Mark Halpern, of the University of British Columbia.

This is a fundamental part of physics that we do not understand and it's a deep mystery. It's about understanding better how the universe began and what lies ahead. "

WHAT IS CHIME'S TELESCOPE?

The Canadian hydrogen intensity mapping experiment (Chime) contains four U-shaped cylinders 100 meters long (328 feet) that allow it to detect signals from when the universe was between 6 and 11 billion years old.

With their U-shaped cylinders made of metal mesh, experts have compared it to the half pipes used by snowboarders and skateboarders.

Its unique design, coupled with advanced computing power, will serve as a "time machine". to look deeply into the history of the universe.

The Chime telescope will pick up radio waves with wavelengths between 37 and 75 centimeters.

Most of these signals come from the Milky Way, but some began their journey billions of years ago.

The telescope will receive a huge amount of data, with a rate equivalent to all the data in the world's mobile network.

And seven quadrillions of computer operations will occur per second.

With funding of £ 12.2 million ($ 16 million), CHIME is located in the Okanagan Valley mountains of British Columbia at the NRC's Radio Dominion Astrophysical Observatory near Penticton.

With its U-shaped cylinders made of metal mesh, it resembles the half pipes used by snowboarders and skateboarders.

Its unique design, coupled with advanced computing power, will serve as a "time machine". to look deeply into the history of the universe.

This could help scientists better understand the history of the universe, the mysterious rapid radio bursts and the detection of gravitational waves.

"The unique design of CHIME will allow us to address one of the most puzzling new areas of astrophysics today: Fast Radio Bursts," said Dr. Victoria Kaspi of McGill University.

With their U-shaped cylinders made of metal mesh, experts have compared CHIME (photo) with the half pipes used by snowboarders and skateboarders. The radio signal that it detected has been called FRB 180725A and is the first to be detected below 700 MHz

With their U-shaped cylinders made of metal mesh, experts have compared CHIME (photo) with the half pipes used by snowboarders and skateboarders. The radio signal that it detected has been called FRB 180725A and is the first to be detected below 700 MHz

With their U-shaped cylinders made of metal mesh, experts have compared CHIME (photo) with the half pipes used by snowboarders and skateboarders. The radio signal that it detected has been called FRB 180725A and is the first to be detected below 700 MHz

"The origin of these strange extragalactic events is currently a mystery, with only two dozen reported since its discovery a decade ago.

"It is likely that CHIME will detect many of these objects every day, providing a massive treasure trove of data that will put Canada at the forefront of this investigation."

CHIME will pick up radio waves with wavelengths between 37 and 75 centimeters.

This, according to the researchers, is similar to that used by cell phones, and will allow the telescope to pick up the extremely weak radio signals from the universe.

Most of these signals come from the Milky Way, but some began their journey billions of years ago.

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