Scientists think that antibiotics that are already available on the market are possible the key to treating coronavirus.
The outbreak has spread like wildfire with more than 82,000 infected in about 50 countries and more than 2,800 people dead.
A team of researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology had antiviral drugs and four antibiotics that treat staph infections and skin infections were able to put the virus in laboratory tests.
That is why they believe that the medication can be a first-line treatment for the highly contagious disease.
But the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have warned that antibiotics do not work against viruses and that over-prescription and overuse helps to feed super bacteria.
The use of antibiotics for the treatment of viruses such as coronavirus can lead to antibiotic resistance and fuel sugars, the CDC and the WHO have warned. Pictured: A nurse checks a coronavirus patient in an intensive care unit in a hospital in Wuhan, China, February 22
Reuse of medicines takes place when doctors use drugs that are approved for one disease to treat another condition.
Viagra, for example, the small blue pill that treats erectile dysfunction, has been reused twice. It was first approved to treat high blood pressure and then to treat angina, a form of chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.
And dextroamphetamine, prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, has been used to treat dementia.
“Re-use of drugs is a strategy for generating additional value from an existing drug by targeting diseases other than those for which it was originally intended,” said senior author Dr. Denis Kainov, associate professor at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, in a press release.
“Teicoplanin, oritavancin, dalbavancin and monensin, for example, are approved antibiotics that have been shown to inhibit corona and other viruses in the laboratory.”
The majority of the drugs that the team believes are re-used are antiviral drugs, which are drugs that reduce the ability of viruses to multiply.
They include nitazaxonide, an anti-parasitic drug; mycophenolic acid, used to prevent rejection of transplanted organs; and Remdesivir, originally conceived as a medicine to combat Ebola.
Dr. Kainnov says that one of the benefits of reusing a drug instead of developing a new one is that all the details surrounding the drug’s development are already known.
Researchers say that 31 antivirals and antibiotics can help treat the corona virus. Gray shading indicates that antiviral activity has not been investigated or reported.
He claims that this saves both money and time.
“That is why repositioning from launched or even failed drugs to viral diseases offers unique translation opportunities,” he said.
“[This includes] a significantly higher chance of success in the market compared to the development of new virus-specific drugs and vaccines, and a considerably lower cost and timeline for clinical availability. ”
Researchers said they found 120 drugs that have already been proven to be safe for people to use.
Of those drugs, they have identified 31 as the best possible candidates for coronavirus prevention and treatment.
DailyMail.com contacted the researchers, who were not immediately available for comment.
At least four of the 31 drugs – teicoplanin, oritavancin, dalbavancin and monensin – are designed to fight bacterial infections.
However, major health organizations, including the CDC and the WHO, have been trying for years to inform and remind doctors and the public in clear terms that antibiotics are unable to kill viruses such as those that cause COVID-19.
“Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating the new corona virus? No, antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria, “the WHO website is clear.
Viruses have different structures and replicate differently than bacteria, which means that bacterial pneumonia will not replicate in the body in the same way as the flu.
Antibiotics target the growth machines in bacteria to prevent them from reproducing.
Viruses do not have this internal device, so this weapon would of course not work on it.
Health experts say that taking antibiotics when you have a viral infection can kill beneficial bacteria, promote antibiotic resistance, and increase the risk of excellent infections.
“If you take an antibiotic while you actually have a viral infection, the antibiotic attacks bacteria in your body – bacteria that are beneficial or at least cause no disease,” says the Mayo Clinic website.
“This misdirected treatment can then promote antibiotic-resistant properties in harmless bacteria that can be shared with other bacteria, or provide an opportunity for potentially harmful bacteria to replace the harmless.”