Salt shakers in restaurants should receive a health-care warning in tobacco style, experts say.
A group of doctors from all over the world urgently demanded action to bring home the dangers of high salt consumption.
They imagine that salt cellars and table salt purchased in supermarkets have a label on the front that says & # 39; limit your use & # 39 ;.
It also says: & # 39; Too much sodium in the diet causes high blood pressure and increases the risk of stomach cancer, stroke, heart disease and kidney disease. & # 39;
The stubborn approach can help save millions of lives, the doctors hope.
But critics argued that such extreme measures & # 39; infantile & # 39; Adults & # 39; and reduce their freedom of choice.
Salt shakers in restaurants should receive a health-care warning in tobacco style, experts say. They see it as follows: & # 39; Too much sodium in the diet causes high blood pressure and increases the risk of stomach cancer, stroke, heart disease and kidney disease & # 39 ;. Mock-up
Dr. Norm Campbell, University of Calgary, was the first author of a statement in the Journal of Clinical Hypertension.
The former president of the World Hypertension League said: “Unhealthy food is a major cause of death worldwide.
& # 39; And excessive salt consumption is the biggest culprit, which is estimated to cause more than three million deaths worldwide.
& # 39; The World Health Organization has set a target for countries to reduce sodium intake by 3025 by 2025.
SALT DAMAGE BODY SYSTEMS AND HAVE DEATH
No fewer than 400,000 deaths from heart disease were linked in 2015 to a high sodium diet.
Most agencies recommend eating three-quarters of a teaspoon of salt every day, but many adults eat more than that.
A bag of chips of individual size accounts for about seven to 12 percent of the daily sodium intake, so a high-salt diet would be the equivalent of eating more than eight bags a day.
The balance of liquids and sodium in the body is crucial for homeostasis, so that systems continue to work synchronously.
When there is too much sodium in our systems, our bodies retain excess moisture to try to balance the salt.
The fluid causes the heart to work harder to pump blood, which leads to higher blood pressure.
High blood pressure in turn increases the risk of stroke and heart disease.
Higher blood pressure also makes it harder for the heart to push oxygen-bearing blood to various organs, including the brain, leading to cognitive decline.
& # 39; And governments and the food industry have worked together to reduce salt in processed foods. & # 39;
Dr. Campbell added: & # 39; However, urgent measures must now be taken to make consumers aware of these dangers. & # 39;
Dr. Tom Frieden, president and chief executive officer of Resolve to Save Lives, said: “Most people don't know that the amount of salt they consume increases their blood pressure and shortens their lives.
& # 39; Adding warning labels to all salt packages is another way to make a healthy choice the easy one. & # 39;
Sodium, the main component of salt, can be excessively dangerous by raising blood pressure.
This can lead to heart disease or stroke, but there are indications that too much salt can damage the heart and kidneys without raising blood pressure.
Acute sodium intake in the range of 17 g or more in an adult and 12.5 g or more in a baby can cause epileptic seizures, coma and death, warned doctors from the UK, Canada, Australia, the US and China.
UK guidelines state that adults should not eat more than 2.4 g of sodium per day.
That's the equivalent of one teaspoon of salt a day – but many people eat much more without realizing it.
HOW TO UNDERSTAND NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR FOOD
The vast majority of packaged foods in the UK contain nutrition information that is printed on the label.
The most important things to look for are fat, saturated fat, salt (which can be called sodium), fiber, and sugar – which is often referred to as & # 39; of which sugars & # 39; under carbohydrates.
In general, foods with more fiber and less saturated fat, salt and sugar are healthier.
Some supermarkets also label nutritional value with a traffic light system, with more green indicating healthier food.
The NHS advice on what is high or low is as follows:
High: more than 17.5 g of fat per 100 g
Low: 3 g of fat or less per 100 g
The recommended daily amount of fat (RDA) for an adult is approximately 70 grams.
High: more than 5 g of saturated fat per 100 g
Low: 1.5 g saturated fat or less per 100 g
The RDA of an adult with saturated fat is approximately 20 grams.
Sugars (also known as which sugars)
High: more than 22.5 g of total sugars per 100 g
Low: 5 g total sugars or less per 100 g
The RDA of an adult sugar is around 90 grams.
Salt (also known as sodium)
High: more than 1.5 g of salt per 100 g (or 0.6 g of sodium)
Low: 0.3 g of salt or less per 100 g (or 0.1 g of sodium)
The RDA of an adult with salt is 6 grams or less.
Source: NHS choices
On average, Britons consume 8.1 g per day, which is about a third more than the maximum recommendation.
The main source of sodium is processed foods, such as ready-made meals, crisps, sandwiches, pasta sauces and meat products.
Food packaging is required to display salt content information on the front of the package.
But it is not easy to understand, and it should be clearer to satiate the doctors.
Dr. Jacqui Webster, of the World Health Organization Collaboration Center for the Reduction of Population Salt, said: & # 39; Although most countries require sodium levels on labels in processed foods, they are difficult to interpret and do not warn about health risks.
& # 39; Health warnings on salt packages and dispensers would be a simple, cost-effective way to convey the dangers of salt to billions of people worldwide. & # 39;
Some countries have taken extensive measures to reduce dietary salt.
Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico City have banned salt shakers from restaurant tables.
But so far no one has begun to plaster health warnings on supermarket products.
The authors of the statement wrote: & # 39; It would raise awareness of the dangers of sodium-rich diets by people buying sodium and a reminder of the dangers of people seeing the containers in stores, restaurants, or at home. & # 39;
Think Tank Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) is against the idea that reflects the goals set by Public Health England to reduce sugar, salt and calories in foods by up to 20 percent.
Christopher Snowdon, head of Lifestyle Economics: & # 39; The government has led a decade-long campaign against salt and since 2017 there are 220 different active salt and sugar targets for food.
& # 39; If current government proposals come into force, the UK will get one of the most restrictive food markets in the world.
& # 39; Health warnings on salt packs do nothing for public health and everything to infantilize the British public and erode individual responsibility for what we choose to eat. & # 39;
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