Russia is sending a spacecraft to the MOON for the first time in 45 years to find water on its surface
- The Russian agency Roscosmos will send Luna-25 to the moon on October 1, 2021
- It will be the first time Moscow has landed on Luna since Luna-24 in 1976
- During the mission, Luna-25 will investigate the surface soil in search of water ice
- A follow-up mission in collaboration with ESA aims to extract water by 2025
Russia sends its first spacecraft to the moon in 45 years and will explore the polar regions in an attempt to find water on the lunar surface.
The Lunar-25 lander will be the first Russian spacecraft to land on the moon’s surface since 1976 – when Lunar-24 landed.
It is expected to launch on October 1, 2021 for the moon and will conduct scientific research in the polar regions, including a hunt for water.
It will be one of up to five launches to explore the moon’s surface and subsurface over the next decade, Roscosmos confirmed.
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Luna-25 will launch in October 2021 and lands on the lunar pole in search of signs of ice water that may aid in future missions to and from the moon
The Luna-25 rover goes to the polar regions of the moon in search of ice water. Scientific equipment is needed to sample the soil
Russia is not the only country going to the moon, countries like China, India and the US are also working on lunar programs.
The U.S. Artemis mission is expected to see the first woman on the lunar surface in the middle of the decade.
“The return to the moon will make a strong claim to leadership in space,” said Ivan Moiseyev, head of the Space Policy Institute in Moscow, The Telegraph.
The original Luna program was a series of robotic space missions to the moon between 1959 and 1976.
Luna 9 in February 1966 became the first probe to make a soft landing on another planetary body and return five black and white photographs of the lunar surface.
This was at the peak of the space race between the US and the Soviet Union that eventually ended when Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon.
Since the end of the space race, other countries have battled it out, including China, whose Chang’e 4 probe was the first to land on the dark side of the moon last year.
India is also working on a new attempt to successfully land a rover on the surface of the moon after previous failed attempts.
The White House has discussed the need to return American astronauts to the moon by 2024 – something NASA says is a springboard to a final landing on Mars.
The Luna 25 probe will conduct a series of scientific experiments on soil samples from the surface in the hope of finding ‘water on the moon’.
“The first country to discover water will cause a sensation,” said Moiseyev.
Finding water on the moon will not only make future lunar missions more viable, but also missions to Mars and possible asteroid explorations.
Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon, entered the lunar orbit on Christmas Eve December 24, 1968, and the astronauts captured this image of Earth rising in the moon sky. Future missions will become more viable if water is found on the moon, Roscosmos says
This is a joint mission with the European Space Agency (ESA) that contributes a robotic drill to assist in the search for water.
Luna-25 will include a Pilot-D camera and hazard detection software created by ESA to image the terrain and land it on the surface.
This will then help prepare for the more complex mission a few years later, when Luna-27 begins prospecting on the Moon.
Russia and ESA hope to be able to extract water from the moon by 2025.
The main purpose of the Luna-27 lander is to study the soil composition at the lunar south pole.
Water is a major target because there may be concentrations of frozen water on or below the surface, according to an ESA report.
WHO IS AT THE MOON?
In total, twelve people walked on the moon.
1 + 2. Apollo 11 – July 21, 1969
Neil Armstrong made history by becoming the first person to set foot on the moon.
Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong to the surface of the moon. His popular nickname gave himself to the animated character Buzz Lightyear.
3 + 4. Apollo 12 – 19 and 20 November 1969
Pete Conrad and Alan Bean were the moonwalkers on the Apollo 12 mission.
The Apollo 12 crew experienced two lightning strikes shortly after their Saturn V rocket was launched.
5 + 6. Apollo 14 – February 5, 1971
Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell who were part of the Apollo 14 mission. They launched on January 31, 1971 and landed in the Fra Mauro region of the Moon, the original destination for Apollo 13.
7 + 8. Apollo 15 – July 31, 1971
David Scott and James Irwin landed on the moon and stayed for three days, until August 2.
9 + 10. Apollo 16 – April 21, 1972
John Young and Charles Duke were the next men to walk on the moon. When the crew reached the orbit of the moon, the mission almost had to be canceled due to a problem with the main engine of the Command / Service module.
11 + 12. Apollo 17 – December 11, 1972
The last people to walk on the moon were Eugene (Gene) Cernan and Harrison (Jack) Schmitt.
Before leaving the moon, Cernan scratched his daughter Tracy’s initials in the lunar regolith. Since the moon doesn’t experience weather conditions like wind or rain to erode anything away, its initials should stay there for a very long time.
All men who have been to the moon