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According to researchers at King & # 39; s College, red wine contains on average six or seven times as many antioxidants as white wines (stock image)

Red wine drinkers have a more diverse range of bacteria in their gut and therefore have better digestion than those who prefer other alcoholic drinks, a study found.

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The research adds a point in favor of the drink in a long-running scientific battle for whether it's good or bad for you.

Compounds in red wine called polyphenols can act as a fuel for a range of health-promoting bacteria and fungi that live in the gut, the researchers suggested.

They said that red wine can also help the body maintain healthy cholesterol levels, maintain a strong immune system, and prevent obesity.

One of King & # 39; s College London scientists claimed: & # 39; If you have to choose an alcoholic drink today, you have to choose red wine. & # 39;

Previous studies have provided confusing evidence about red wine, but some claim it can lower the risk of heart disease or dementia and delay cancer, and others find the exact contradictions.

According to researchers at King & # 39; s College, red wine contains on average six or seven times as many antioxidants as white wines (stock image)

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According to researchers at King & # 39; s College, red wine contains on average six or seven times as many antioxidants as white wines (stock image)

Researchers studied the effects of drinking red wine, white wine or alcoholic beverages in 458 pairs of twin sisters – a total of 916 women.

They compared their results with other studies of 1,104 people living in the Netherlands and 904 in the US.

The people in the studies were asked about their diet and bacterial levels in their intestines were measured in the laboratory.

Those who drank red wine – even if only every few weeks – had a & # 39; considerably higher & # 39; diversity of bacteria in their digestion, the study said.

However, drinking white wine only led to a & # 39; lesser but suggestive & # 39; improvement, while spirits such as vodka or gin had no effects.

The scientists believe this is due to the polyphenols – antioxidant nutrients in fruit – found in grapes used to make wine, in particular red.

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Red varieties, including Merlot, Pinot Noir, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon, have on average six to seven times more polyphenols than white wines.

& # 39; This is one of the largest studies ever to investigate the effects of red wine in the gut, & # 39; said lead author of the study, professor Tim Spector.

& # 39; (It) provides insights that the high polyphenol content in the grape skins could be responsible for many of the controversial health benefits when used sparingly. & # 39;

The team suggested that bacteria in the body can feed on the compounds in the grapes.

Having a wide range of bacteria helps the body to digest food and make chemicals for absorbing energy from food, transporting oxygen, controlling cholesterol, reducing obesity, stimulating liver function and protecting of the heart.

Studies published by scientists in April and October last year alone presented a confusing list of clear benefits and risks of drinking wine, which sometimes make opposite claims about the same diseases
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Studies published by scientists in April and October last year alone presented a confusing list of clear benefits and risks of drinking wine, which sometimes make opposite claims about the same diseases

Studies published by scientists in April and October last year alone presented a confusing list of clear benefits and risks of drinking wine, which sometimes make opposite claims about the same diseases

In the meantime, an imbalance of "good" microbes compared to "bad" can lead to a weakened immune system, weight gain or high cholesterol.

Having a higher number of different bacterial species is considered by scientists as a marker for good gut health.

Study author Dr. Caroline Le Roy added: & although we have long been aware of the unexplained benefits of red wine for heart health, this study shows that moderate consumption of red wine is associated with a greater diversity and a healthier gut flora that partly has the long-discussed beneficial effects on health.

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& # 39; Drinking red wine, such as once every two weeks, seems sufficient to observe an effect.

& # 39; If you have to choose one alcoholic beverage today, red wine is the one that chooses because it appears to have a beneficial effect on you and your gut microbes, which in turn can also help with weight and risk of heart disease .

& # 39; However, it is still advised to consume alcohol moderately. & # 39;

Dr. Le Roy and Professor Spector said that their results remained the same even if they took into account the ages, heights, weights and diets of people, but they admitted that people could not tell the truth about their drinking habits.

Professor Kim Barrett, of the University of San Diego, was not involved in the research, but said it & # 39; very well done & # 39; used to be.

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She said: & # 39; In the long run, this work might suggest (perhaps less pleasurable) ways to obtain the apparent health benefits of consuming red wine without drinking the wine itself, although more work would be needed to isolate and test red wine components. responsible for the effects observed here. & # 39;

The team's research was published in the Gastroenterology journal.

IS WINE GOOD OR BAD FOR YOU? HERE IS SCIENCE SAYS IN 2018

HOW WINE IS GOOD FOR YOU

Reduces the risk of heart disease (August 2018)

A study by University College London showed that women who drink an average glass of wine every day are nearly 50 percent less likely to have heart disease than teetotallers.

And drinking little and often helps – women who drank moderate amounts of inconsistently had an 18 percent higher heart risk than those who drank every day or two.

The study of 35,132 women was published in the journal BMC Medicine.

Less chance of dementia (August 2018)

Researchers from the Paris-Saclay University in France discovered that middle-aged people who drink the equivalent of an average glass of wine (175 ml) per day are half as likely to develop dementia than those who do not drink.

Their study of 9,000 people was published in the British Medical Journal.

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Higher sperm counts (July 2018)

Research by the Fondazione Policlinico in Milan showed that men who drink the equivalent of a bottle and a small glass of wine a week have a higher number of sperm and better quality sperm than men who do not drink.

The study of 323 men was published in the journal Andrology.

Delays cancer growth (June 2018)

A study by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil found that an antioxidant in red wine stops the formation of protein lumps that occur in 50 percent of the tumors and helps the disease grow and spread.

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Their research, done on tumors in a laboratory, was published in the journal Oncotarget.

Slashes risk for prostate cancer (May 2018)

Scientists from the University of Vienna discovered that drinking one glass of red wine a day reduces the risk of men developing prostate cancer by around 12 percent.

Their review of studies conducted on approximately 611,000 people was published in the journal Clinical Epidemiology.

HOW WINE IS BAD FOR YOU

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Increases the risk of heart disease and strokes (June 2018)

Researchers at Vanderbilt University in Tennessee discovered that bingeing four or more drinks in one night raises a person's blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol levels, increasing the risk of heart disease or stroke.

The study of 4,710 18 to 45 year olds was published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Contributes to Alzheimer's disease (June 2018)

Scientists from the University of Illinois discovered that heavy drinking increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease by reducing the brain's ability to clean itself of toxic proteins that build up and kill nerve cells in the organ.

The study, conducted on rats, was published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation.

Shortens life expectancy (October and April 2018)

Studies from Washington University and the University of Cambridge found that a daily drink increases the risk of premature death by a fifth, and ten glasses of wine a week can make a person's life two years shorter.

The studies included records of more than one million people and were published in the magazines Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and The Lancet.

Decreases sleep quality (May 2018)

Researchers from the University of Jyväskylä in Finland discovered that drinking two glasses of wine in one go can reduce sleep quality by nearly 40 percent that night, and even a low alcohol intake damages sleep by about 10 percent.

The study of 4,098 adults was published in the journal JMIR Mental Health.

Increases the risk of prostate cancer (May 2018)

Scientists from the University of Vienna discovered that drinking moderate amounts of white wine, such as Chardonnay, increases the risk of men getting prostate cancer by 26 percent.

Their review of studies conducted on approximately 611,000 people was published in the journal Clinical Epidemiology.

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