Both sides agree on a plan for an eventual transition to civilian rule, but further talks are needed and protesters say transitional justice should be included.
Sudan’s military and political parties have signed a framework agreement providing for a two-year civilian-led transition to elections that would end a deadlock caused by a coup in October 2021.
However, major dissenters, including anti-military protest groups and factions loyal to former leader Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted in 2019, oppose it.
The initial agreement signed Monday would limit the military’s formal role to a security and defense council headed by a prime minister, but leaves sensitive issues such as transitional justice and security sector reform for further discussion.
The deal also stipulates that the military will be part of a new “security and defense council” headed by the prime minister-designate. The agreement also promises to unify Sudan’s armed forces and impose controls on military companies.
The first of at least two planned accords, it was signed by Sudan’s two ruling generals, Abdel-Fattah Burhan and Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, and the leaders of the country’s largest pro-democracy group, Forces of Freedom and Change, at the Republican Palace. .
In response to the signing, the leaders of the pro-democracy Resistance Committee called for demonstrations against the agreement.
They believe that transitional justice and security sector reform should be included in any deal from the outset.
Protests erupted in at least two parts of the capital, Khartoum, ahead of the signing ceremony at the presidential palace.
The army has not named a new prime minister since last year’s coup, which ended a power-sharing arrangement between the army and the FFC.
The coup led to more than a year of mass protests against the military and the suspension of billions of dollars in international financial aid, exacerbating the economic crisis.