The skull of a prehistoric warrior who lived 4,000 years ago was dug up with two holes in his skull as a result of rudimentary brain operations (photo)

& # 39; Old brain surgeons & # 39; cut two holes in the skull of the prehistoric warrior & # 39; with an evil headache & # 39; that was & # 39; high-on cannabis to numb the pain & # 39 ;, archaeologists claim

  • The double trepanation procedure is thought to have survived by the warrior because it showed signs of healing
  • It may have been inflicted on the man as part of & # 39; brain surgery & # 39; to relieve pain or as part of a ritual
  • The warrior came from the Ingul catacomb culture and was probably high in cannabis to numb the pain

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The skull of a prehistoric warrior who lived 4,000 years ago was dug up with two holes in his skull as a result of an operation by & # 39; old brain surgeons & # 39 ;.

Archaeologists believe that the man from a bee culture in the Stone Age may have suffered from severe headaches and that he lived for several years after the intrusive trepanation procedure while the wounds showed signs of healing.

Dr. Sergey Slepchenko, a researcher at the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk, said the & # 39; most obvious & # 39; anesthesia was cannabis.

The well-preserved skull was found on a disused Stalinist shooting range in the separated Transnistria region of Moldova in Eastern Europe.

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The skull of a prehistoric warrior who lived 4,000 years ago was dug up with two holes in his skull as a result of rudimentary brain operations (photo)

The skull of a prehistoric warrior who lived 4,000 years ago was dug up with two holes in his skull as a result of rudimentary brain operations (photo)

Archaeologists believe that the man from the apiary of the Stone Age lived for a number of years after the intrusive trepanation procedure, while the wounds showed signs of healing (photo)

Archaeologists believe that the man from the apiary of the Stone Age lived for a number of years after the intrusive trepanation procedure, while the wounds showed signs of healing (photo)

Archaeologists believe that the man from the apiary of the Stone Age lived for a number of years after the intrusive trepanation procedure, while the wounds showed signs of healing (photo)

Such antiquated brain surgery is believed to have been performed in attempts to relieve severe headaches or to heal a hematoma following skull injuries.

It may also have been used for the purpose of curing epilepsy or dispelling the sorrowful evil spirits.

Skulls such as these with two holes instead of those made by prehistoric physicians are rare and archaeologists do not exclude the fact that they were cut for ritual reasons rather than for surgery.

But the fact that the warrior – from the Ingul catacomb culture – has survived the procedure may indicate that surgery is the more likely explanation.

The skull showed signs of healing after the & # 39; operation & # 39; possibly performed by scraping with a & # 39; bronze knife & # 39 ;.

An earlier and similar skull with steps – but less well preserved – was found on the same site three years ago.

Skulls such as these with two holes instead of those made by prehistoric physicians are rare, and archaeologists do not exclude the fact that they were carved for ritual reasons rather than surgery.

Skulls such as these with two holes instead of those made by prehistoric physicians are rare, and archaeologists do not exclude the fact that they were carved for ritual reasons rather than surgery.

Skulls such as these with two holes instead of those made by prehistoric physicians are rare, and archaeologists do not exclude the fact that they were carved for ritual reasons rather than surgery.

The well-preserved skull was found on a disused Stalinist shooting range in the separated Transnistria region in Moldova in Eastern Europe.

The well-preserved skull was found on a disused Stalinist shooting range in the separated Transnistria region in Moldova in Eastern Europe.

The well-preserved skull was found on a disused Stalinist shooting range in the separated Transnistria region in Moldova in Eastern Europe.

WHAT IS TREPANATION?

Trepanation is a procedure that has been performed throughout human history.

It involves removing a part of the skull and was often done on animals and people.

The first recorded evidence of this was done on a cow in the stone age 3,000 years ago.

It was a process that was still carried out in the 18th century.

The belief was that with many conditions associated with severe pain in the head of a patient, removing a circular piece of the skull would reduce pressure.

Before that time, dating from the Neolithic, people would drill or scrape a hole in the head of people with abnormal behavior.

It is thought that this will release the demons held in the skull of those affected.

This horrible looking toolbox was used by doctors in the 18th century to perform trepanations - removing a piece of skull to relieve pressure in the head

This horrible looking toolbox was used by doctors in the 18th century to perform trepanations - removing a piece of skull to relieve pressure in the head

This horrible looking toolbox was used by doctors in the 18th century to perform trepanations – removing a piece of skull to relieve pressure in the head

This old man was torn apart after death in what was perhaps a macabre ritual, say archaeologists led by excavations Dr. Sergey Razumov, of the Transnistrian state university in the pro-Moscow rebel region.

Funerals at the site include clay pots and proof of making stone axes and clubs.

Further research will be done on the intriguing bronze age skulls.

Research in Russia suggests that old doctors who perform such brain operations use cannabis, magic mushrooms, and even shamanic practices such as ecstatic dances as anesthesia to numb the pain.

But & # 39; the consumption of fungi, along with other Shamanic practices, such as ecstatic dances or the use of a drum & # 39 ;, is seen as a likely method to change a patient's state of consciousness and thus reduce pain in the patient. degree required to perform surgery & # 39 ;.

The skull was found in what is nowadays modern Moldova near the village of Glinoe and is the second to be found on the site in recent years

The skull was found in what is nowadays modern Moldova near the village of Glinoe and is the second to be found on the site in recent years

The skull was found in what is nowadays modern Moldova near the village of Glinoe and is the second to be found on the site in recent years

Stone axes found in the graves of the Ingul catacomb culture. The skull showed signs of healing after the & # 39; operation & # 39; possibly performed by using a & # 39; bronze knife & # 39; to scrape

Stone axes found in the graves of the Ingul catacomb culture. The skull showed signs of healing after the & # 39; operation & # 39; possibly performed by using a & # 39; bronze knife & # 39; to scrape

Stone axes found in the graves of the Ingul catacomb culture. The skull showed signs of healing after the & # 39; operation & # 39; possibly performed by using a & # 39; bronze knife & # 39; to scrape

Clay pot found in the grave with a trepaanated man in 2019 who belongs to the prehistoric culture and dates from as many as 4000 years old. archaeologists claim

Clay pot found in the grave with a trepaanated man in 2019 who belongs to the prehistoric culture and dates from as many as 4000 years old. archaeologists claim

Clay pot found in the grave with a trepaanated man in 2019 who belongs to the prehistoric culture and dates from as many as 4000 years old. archaeologists claim

Dr. Sergey Slepchenko (photo) is a researcher at the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk and said that the & # 39; most obvious & # 39; anesthesia was cannabis. But & # 39; the consumption of fungi, along with other Shamanic practices, such as ecstatic dances or the use of a drum & # 39 ;, is seen as a likely method to change a patient's state of consciousness and thus reduce pain in the patient. degree required to perform surgery & # 39;

Dr. Sergey Slepchenko (photo) is a researcher at the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk and said that the & # 39; most obvious & # 39; anesthesia was cannabis. But & # 39; the consumption of fungi, along with other Shamanic practices, such as ecstatic dances or the use of a drum & # 39 ;, is seen as a likely method to change a patient's state of consciousness and thus reduce pain in the patient. degree required to perform surgery & # 39;

Dr. Sergey Slepchenko (photo) is a researcher at the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Novosibirsk and said that the & # 39; most obvious & # 39; anesthesia was cannabis. But & # 39; the consumption of fungi, along with other Shamanic practices, such as ecstatic dances or the use of a drum & # 39 ;, is seen as a likely method to change a patient's state of consciousness and thus reduce pain in the patient. degree required to perform surgery & # 39;

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