Pregnant women with type 2 diabetes & # 39; are up to FIVE times more likely to have the heartache of a stillbirth & # 39;
- Women with diabetes have more than four times the chance of stillbirth
- Type 2 diabetes is a greater risk for unborn babies & # 39; s than type 1, a study found
- About four million people in the UK have diabetes, about 44% of them women
Women with type 2 diabetes have a nearly five-fold increased risk of suffering from a broken heart, researchers have warned.
Experts from the University of Glasgow followed 5,392 babies & 3,947 mothers with diabetes in Scotland between April 1998 and June 2016.
They discovered that people with type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease related to genetics, had three times the chance of stillbirth.
But for type 2 diabetes – largely associated with obesity and lifestyle – the risk increased 4.7-fold compared to women without diabetes.
Women who have diabetes when they are pregnant are more likely to have a stillbirth, found research, and type 2 diabetes had a worse effect than type 1 (stock image)
The researchers said that high blood sugar levels and obesity, both important characteristics of the condition, & # 39; important customizable risk factors & # 39; to reduce stillbirths.
Dr. Sharon Mackin, who conducted the study published in the journal Diabetologia, said: & # 39; It is vital that we as health care professionals find better ways to support women during their fertile age to increase weight and blood sugar levels so that when entering the pregnancy, whether planned or not planned, we are better prepared and their risk of adverse results is reduced.
& # 39; It is important that women with diabetes take this into account and have access to appropriate pre-conceptual counseling, even if they are not planning a pregnancy immediately.
& # 39; Women with diabetes should also contact their diabetes clinic as soon as they receive a positive pregnancy test so that we can see and support them early. & # 39; Obesity during pregnancy is a major and growing problem.
One in five British women is obese at the start of their pregnancy and half is overweight.
Last year, 86,269 pregnant women were admitted to hospital with complications caused by their weight.
Due to an explosive crisis in type 2 diabetes, the number of people diagnosed in the UK has almost doubled from 1.9 million in 2008 to 3.7 million today.
About 400,000 people have the type 1 form of the disease, which is not linked to lifestyle and usually arrives in childhood.
Dr. Emily Burns, head of research communication at Diabetes UK, said: “Most women with diabetes have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies, but this study underlines the importance of supporting women in managing their blood glucose levels as they plan a pregnancy in order to minimize their risk of complications.
Het It also suggests that losing extra weight for women with type 2 diabetes with overweight could also help to reduce this risk.
& # 39; We need research to find better ways to predict who is most at risk of complications during pregnancy, to ensure that support can be provided to those who need it most. & # 39;
WHAT IS A STILLBIRTH?
A stillbirth occurs when a baby is born dead after 24 weeks of pregnancy.
If a baby dies before 24 weeks of pregnancy, it is known as a miscarriage.
Not all stillbirths can be prevented, but not smoking or drinking, as well as not sleeping on your back and attending all prenatal appointments, can reduce the risk.
What are the signs?
Signs may be that the baby does not move as much as normal.
Pregnant women should contact their doctor immediately if they notice a difference in the movement of their baby.
What are the causes?
Death births do not always have a clear cause, but can occur as a result of complications with the placenta or a birth defect.
They are also more common when women suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes or an infection that affects the baby, such as flu.
Births are more common when women have twins or multiple pregnancies, are overweight, smoke, are over 35 or have pre-existing conditions such as epilepsy.
What happens after a stillbirth?
If a baby has died, women can wait for their birth to start naturally or they can be induced if their health is at risk.
Support group groups are available for parents who are stillborn.
Some find it useful to name their baby or take photos with them.
Source: NHS choices
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