Scientists have debated Planet Nine’s existence since it was first introduced several years ago, but a new study has determined the orbit of the alleged celestial body.

Caltech researchers Mike Brown and Konstantin Batygin have plotted the orbital path of the mystical planet, which has yet to be discovered.

In a blog post, Brown described that the “highest probability” of planet Nine’s location is near the aphelion — the point at which it is farthest from the sun — about 60 degrees in right ascension, “quite close to the galactic plane.” .

A new study has mapped Planet Nine’s orbit, plotting its path around the sun

Researchers estimate the “highest probability” of planet Nine’s location (orbit in yellow) near aphelion — about 60 degrees in right ascension, “quite close to the galactic plane.” If it were at the median distance from the aphelion, planet nine would be about 46.5 billion miles from the sun

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If Planet Nine were now at the median distance from the aphelion, it would be about 500 astronomical units (AU), or about 46.5 billion miles from the sun.

When plotting the entire sky, astronomers go from 360 to 0 in right ascension.

Aphelion is indicated by the red area of ​​the image below.

If Planet Nine were now at the median distance from the aphelion, it would be about 500 astronomical units (AU), or about 46.5 billion miles from the sun. Aphelion is indicated by the red area of ​​the above image

One AU is the equivalent of approximately 93 million miles.

“Using samples of the orbital elements and estimates of such a planet’s radius and albedo, we calculate the probability distribution function of planet nine’s sky position and its brightness,” the researchers wrote in the study.

“For many reasonable assumptions, Planet Nine is closer and brighter than initially expected, although the probability distribution includes a long tail to greater distances, and uncertainties in Planet Nine’s radius and albedo could yield fainter objects.”

Brown and Batygin created the map by looking at some of the known objects in the Kuiper Belt — icy bodies beyond Neptune — many of which have strange orbits that the researchers believe are influenced by Planet Nine.

The researchers used the clustering of the Kuiper Belt objects as a sign that Planet Nine exists, given how unusual it would be for this to happen naturally.

“After updating calculations of observational biases, we find that the clustering remains significant with a 99.6% confidence level,” the study authors wrote, meaning there is only a 0.4 percent chance that the clustering is a weird one. is a whimsical phenomenon.

More than 2,000 objects in the Kuiper Belt have been identified, but there could be ‘hundreds of thousands’ more, according to the region NASA.

They used the clustering of 11 of the known (green dots) Kuiper belt objects and found that there is only a 0.4% chance that the clustering is a strange event

The researchers also estimate that planet nine has a mass 6.2 times that of Earth and a periphery (the point at which it is closest to the sun) of about 300 AU. Its inclination – how much it tilts compared to the plane of the solar system – is about 16 degrees

In their analysis, they estimate that planet nine has a mass 6.2 times that of Earth and a periphery (the point at which it is closest to the sun) of about 300 AU.

It also has a slope — how much it tilts compared to the plane of the solar system — of about 16 degrees.

In contrast, Earth has an inclination of 0 degrees, while Pluto’s inclination is 17 degrees, according to EarthSky.org.

The study has been accepted in the Astronomical Journal and a preprinted version is available at: arXiv.

Planet Nine and its existence have been controversial, with many other researchers claiming it does not exist.

In February, a group of researchers suggested that the unusual orbits in the Kuiper Belt may be an illusion.

In January 2019, a separate study also said the unusual orbits of objects in the Kuiper Belt could be due to a broad disk of small icy objects affecting other object orbits.

Others have suggested that the object is a mirage or a black hole the size of a grapefruit.

Conversely, some other scientists have sided with Brown and Batygin, suggesting that the mystical planet is real and could be found in the next decade with higher-power telescopes.

Researchers have already found an exoplanet with features similar to planet nine, 336 light-years from Earth, HD106906 b, which was identified by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In 2017, NASA released a statement stating that planet nine is perhaps 20 times as far from the sun as Neptune, and added a comment from Batygin saying, “it’s now harder to imagine our solar system without a planet nine than with one.”

In 2019, researchers published a study that suggested Planet Nine may have already been found by NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite.

PLANET NINE: ORBIT OF OBJECTS OUTSIDE NEPTUNE SUGGESTING THAT ‘Something BIG’ IS THERE

Astronomers believe that the orbits of some bodies in the far reaches of the solar system have been disrupted by the gravitational pull of an as-yet unidentified planet.

First proposed by a group at CalTech in the US, this alien world was theorized to explain the distorted pathways seen in distant icy bodies.

To fit the data they have, this alien world — popularly called Planet Nine — would have to be about four times the size of Earth and ten times the size.

Researchers say a body of this size and mass would explain the clustered paths of some icy minor planets beyond Neptune.

First proposed by a group at CalTech in the US, this alien world was theorized to explain the distorted pathways seen in distant icy bodies.

Its massive orbit would mean it would take between 10,000 and 20,000 years to make a single orbit around the sun.

The theoretical planet Nine is based on the gravitational pull it exerts on these bodies, and astronomers are confident it will be found in the coming years.

Those hoping for theoretical Earth-sized planets suggested by astrologers or science fiction writers – which “hide behind the sun” and are linked to Doomsday scenarios – may have to keep looking.

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