Bacteria from the faeces of healthy people can be used to treat Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and cancer, researchers claim.
Scientists have found bugs in the intestines that seem to stimulate the immune system's response to diseases and infections.
They hope that one day the bacteria can replace powerful drugs and treatments such as chemotherapy, which can cause a large number of unwanted side effects.
British scientists have now started the first test to test whether the use of the bacterium as a daily pill can benefit a number of diseases.
Some strains of bacteria can be used to treat incurable diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and cancer, scientists believe
In the last decade, scientists have discovered that the microbiome has a much greater impact on overall health than previously thought.
Poor gut health is now linked to the development of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Crohn's, asthma, allergies, inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) and diabetes.
Researchers at Imperial College London last month started the experiment with 120 patients who fight different forms of cancer.
Participants receive a strain of the bacterium Enterococcus gallinarum, called MRx0518, in the weeks prior to surgery.
The bacteria are collected from the faeces of healthy people before they are isolated and multiplied in a laboratory.
It is then freeze-dried and given to patients in the form of a daily pill.
The method is different from faecal transplants, in which the entire microbiome is transferred to patients.
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF AN UNHEALTHY GUT?
1. Constipation – It can cause an accumulation of waste material and toxins in your system. Tensioning, hard or painful to withstand feces, or not & # 39; empty & # 39; feeling after a bowel movement are all signs of constipation.
2. Diarrhea – If your stools are too weak and wet, this may be a sign that your gut is not functioning properly.
3. Feeling inertia – If you are tired or tired, your digestive system may not work properly. However, the digestive system helps to remove waste in the body, as this natural toxin removal process slows down, toxins and waste accumulate in the body, making you feel slow.
4. Psychological problems – Stress, anxiety and depression can also be related to intestinal bacteria. The intestines produce much of the happy hormone serotonin, but lifestyle factors such as excessive alcohol consumption, dietary changes or travel can cause changes in this delicate balance, which in turn affects hormone and neurotransmitter production.
5. Bad breath – can mean an imbalance of good and bad bacteria in your gut.
After the tumors are removed, researchers will inspect the cancer tissue to see if the bacteria have strengthened the body's ability to fight the cancer.
Scientists say it is the flagellin – the tail-like structure of the bacterium – that triggers the increased immune response.
Duncan Peyton, founder and CEO of the British company 4D pharma, who launched the first trial, told The Telegraph: & # 39; We always thought that bacteria cause diseases.
& # 39; Everyone has had some kind of food poisoning or skin infection, but if they can seriously change how bad we are, then they can also clearly have a positive effect.
& # 39; If you have a condition such as asthma, we want to dampen the anti-inflammatory effect, while we want to slow down the immune system in the case of cancer. And bacteria seem to be able to, but without the side effects of many drugs, because they are natural. & # 39;
Six studies are scheduled to begin in June in Britain to find out if the MRx4DP0004 bacterium can help treat asthma.
Recent research also suggests that the & # 39; microbiome & # 39; affects communication between brain cells and general neurological health.
There is a growing worldwide interest in the idea that abnormal amounts of certain errors can be responsible for triggering different circumstances.
Scientists have linked some forms of intestinal bacteria to an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
In two studies from the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil, researchers found higher levels of nearly 30 different types of bacteria in patients with the disease compared to healthy individuals.
Some bacteria were often found in the mouth, while others turned nutrients from red meat and poultry into carcinogens.
A mother's bacterial bowel composition can affect her child's risk of a large number of conditions, including autism, and studies are also beginning to suggest.
This is thought to happen via the & # 39; gut brain axis & # 39 ;, which communicates through our nervous, hormonal and immune systems.
It has been suggested that a disturbed balance in an expectant mother's microbiome can affect her child's central nervous system, which could lead to autism.
Studies in humans and rats have also shown that changing the microbiome by introducing & # 39; good bacteria & # 39; can reduce the symptoms of autism.
WHAT CAN YOU DO TO IMPROVE GUT BACTERIA?
- Eat a varied range of foods that contribute to the growth of different types of bacteria. The more types of bacteria you have, the more health benefits they can contribute.
- Fibrous food is believed to improve intestinal bacteria. Fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes are high in fiber. Choose whole-grain products such as brown pasta and rice in white to get more fiber.
- Sugar, alcohol and artificial sweeteners are often advised to be cut to improve intestinal bacteria.
- Probiotics, which are living microorganisms, can improve your health by changing the overall composition of the microbiota. They are found in a range of natural food sources, in particular fermented foods.
- Prebiotics are foods that fertilize & # 39; and feed the probiotics. They include leeks, onions, garlic, chicory, beans, and cold potatoes.
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