Victorian photos usually show a stiff looking family with straight faces in their best Sunday.
But these fascinating shots are the 1890 version of a candid one, because sun-thoppers are caught unexpectedly.
A beautiful series of photos taken by Paul Martin shows Victorians relaxing in sunny British resorts such as Yarmouth, Hastings and Jersey.
And Mr. Martin shows his funny side a photo of a loyal man preparing himself for a dive & # 39; The approach of a tidal wave & # 39 ;.
In other photos, children enjoy a Punch and Judy and an amorous couple hugging on the beach.
M. Martin captured most of the images with a camera known as the Fallowfield Facile, a clandestine film camera with which he could take snapshots without his subject realizing it.
Famous photographer Cecil Beaton called him the & # 39; Charles Dickens of the lens & # 39; when his work later became popular.
But although his photos provide a vision of the Victorian life he had never seen before, his peers disagreed with his methods.
About his fellow camera club members he wrote: & # 39; They are not encouraging to the type of subject I used at the time. Many members looked down on my studies, shocking with regard to them.
& # 39; They found that an image demanded a noble and worthy subject, a cathedral or a mountain or family celebration, dressed in their best Sunday. & # 39;
Later in his life, the collectors became interested in his work by Mr. Martin, who died a poor man after giving his negatives cheaply.
Returning from a dive in the Briny, Yarmouth, 1892. Bathing machines first appeared on the British coast in the 1750s. It was considered improper to see in a bathing suit, so this thing would bring people from the coast to the sea where they could dip their feet into the waves while leaving their clothes in the elevated wooden wagon.
Fun on the beach in Yarmouth 1892. Benches were made in the sand so that sunbathers can enjoy the heat with custom support. Before the Victorian era, those who went to the beach swam naked. But modesty meant swimming suits were made to hide the human body. These sun worshipers are still in their daily clothes, despite the fact that they have enjoyed the heat
While women were forced to wear large & # 39; swimsuits & # 39; to hide their bodies from curious looks of men, these pictures & very different rules apply to me. A nice man from Birmingham prepares to jump from a wooden platform into the sea while another man watches. Martin's playful title was & # 39; The approach of a tidal wave & # 39;
A couple on the sand, Yarmouth, 1892. Although there was a strict separation between men and women in the sea in the Victorian period, this couple is allowed to spend time together on the beach. And unlike the more serious family portraits that most photographers preferred in this period, the couple was surprised during a show of affection
A beach concert in Yarmouth, circa 1892. When the railways arrived in Great Yarmouth in 1844, the resort was flooded with people who wanted to enjoy the sun on the coast. Workers from factory towns in the Midlands and North flocked to the beach – a place that had been exclusively for rich visitors before the railroad increased accessibility
A menagerie, Yarmouth, 1892. Wild animals were kept in cages and toured the British coast for the entertainment of children and adults who wanted to see the rare and exotic creatures. These menageries were the precursor of popular zoological gardens where people who could not afford to travel to different parts of the world could see non-native animals.
Jersey Harbor in the Victorian era and today. The SS Stellar docked in the port of Jersey in 1893 (left) and Motoryachsts and sailing cruisers moored on pontoons in the port in St. Helier, on the British island of Jersey, on November 8, 2017. The island of Jersey, the largest channel Islands for the coast of France, pound sterling introduced in 1837 – the year Queen Victoria took the throne. The change led to mass tourism when regular passenger ships began to transport people from England
Bathed in Yarmouth, 1892. This group used a bathing machine to swim in their figure-hiding bathing suit before being brought to the sea to enjoy the waves. By the 1850s, men's and women's divisions separated the two genders to ensure that there was no inappropriate behavior. The area reserved for the ladies was on the other side of the men's beach
Before the Victorian era, men and women both swam naked in the sea and there was no segregation. But as the years passed and Victorian morality grew, stricter rules began to be introduced. But while these three men from Birmingham were swimming in the sea in St. Helier on Jersey in 1893, the idea of carrying more in the sea seems to have been ignored.
Flirtations on the beach, Yarmouth, 1892. This group of Victorians show their fun sides while they play on the beach. Despite the strict codes of modesty and the idea that people are more serious at the time, this couple seems to be struggling on the sand. Mr. Martin has captured moments of pleasure and happiness in a time that is better known as gloomy
Drifting the boat, Hastings, 1896. About 150 years ago, Hasting was gifted as the first lifeboat of the RNLI. A 30 foot rowboat arrived on a train from East London on Easter Monday, April 5, 1858. It became clear by 1850 there was a need for a reliable design of lifeboats. So in October 1850, the Duke of Northumberland offered a prize of 100 guineas for the best lifeboat model. The competition was announced in the national and local press and resulted in 280 submissions, including 11 from abroad. Many of the models were shown at the 1851 Great Exhibition
Bathing Machine, Cromer, 1892. With these machines, ladies were able to enter the hut in the sand, change their interior as they were driven into the sea and leave their clothes dry in the wagon before going outside to enjoy the cool water. It meant that women could avoid curious eyes behind a modest screen because young men tended to take telescopes with them on vacation
Watching a pleasure boat, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1893. The well-dressed children stopped on the beach to enjoy the view of a passing passenger ship. When from 1857 normal passenger ships between Weymouth, Dorset and tourism on the Channel Islands began to flourish, tourism boomed. From 1870 the service was increased from three to six return crossings per week to offer a better postal service
Beach concert, Yarmouth, around 1892. When Great Yarmouth was connected by trains to the rest of the country, the city was open to mass tourism for the first time. During the summer season, the city had a huge number of visitors. The seafront was transformed by the creation of hotels, piers and places of entertainment along the promenade. Beach concerts were a regular occurrence because those who wanted to improve their entertainment career took advantage of the large crowds
Fishing beach. A wild storm hits the fishing boats while they stay behind on a Victorian beach while huge waves crash down onto the sand. Although visitors flocked to the coast to enjoy warm weather, it always lingered long – just like the weather today. This storm sees an empty beach while tourists are driven from the coast by the weather
Punch and Judy shows were popularized in the Victorian era. The crowds who visited the coast offered a valuable source of income to the men behind the dolls. The idea for the show came from the 16th-century Italian street theater when puppets were introduced as a cost-saving measure – puppets did not have to be paid, but actors did. The first recorded sightings of the shows in Great Britain were in Covent Garden in the 17th century when writer Samuel Pepys wrote in 1662: & hence an Italian puppet show that is located inside the rayles, which is very beautiful, the best that I have ever seen, and a great retreat from gallants. & # 39; The show in the 1890s (left) and modern Weymouth
With straw from the quay, 1893. Unlike those who enjoyed their summer vacation by lying on the beach and paddling in the sea, many people lived and worked in Britain's thriving seaside resorts. When their popularity began to decline in the 1980s, the loss of tourism had a devastating effect on the coastal communities that had worked for generations
Drifting the boat, Hastings, 1896. As a fishing port, Hastings saw many boats being pushed from the beach to the sea. Getting a boat into the water was a team achievement because the heavy wooden fishing boats had to be moved by hand – before machines were available to help with the job and before boats were moored in the sea for a longer period of time.
A magician who performs in Yarmouth, 1892. The great crowds on British beaches saw a number of entertainers appear. Those who enjoyed their work at work were often keen to give their hard-earned twenty-six points to these artists because they brought magic, pleasure and laughter to the sun worshipers.
Painting the name of the boat, Hastings, 1896. This fisherman is halfway through painting the name of his ship on the stern. The boat becomes & # 39; Favorite … & # 39; – the following word must still be entered. The 1894 Merchant Marine Act required that every fishing boat be provided with a letter and number, had official papers and was registered in a register
A small sailboat is washed in Jersey in 1893. The boat is washed clean by one man, while another uses his weight to rock the boat to one side, making the bottom of the vessel visible. A young child continues to watch while the two men work together to ensure that no algae accumulate at the bottom of the boat
Rehabilitation of the net, Hastings, 1896. Despite the transformation of the city into a resort for fishermen who escaped their professional lives, the fishermen continued to work. A thriving fishing town since it was the first visitors to expect fresh fish caught in hundreds of fishing nets, working together to provide the country with fresh seafood