People who have had a stroke while being with their partner, close family or friends are likely to die sooner, a study found.
Bystanders closer to the patient hesitate more and prefer to wait before they bring someone to the hospital.
This dithering can cause the victim of the stroke to suffer longer and cause worse brain damage and increase the risk of death.
However, strangers and more distant companions are likely to spend less time discussing what to do and continuing to seek medical help, the research found.
People who first contact a partner or family member if they have had a stroke are likely to take longer to get to the hospital because people tend to wander and discuss more with people with whom they are emotionally closer , researchers found in Boston (stock image)
In a study led by Brigham and the Women's & # 39; s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, scientists examined 175 patients who had suffered a stroke in the last five days.
They studied patients' social networks and discovered that people who arrived later in the hospital – six hours or more after their stroke – were closer to social circles, The Times reported.
About 67 people arrived after six hours, while 108 arrived within six hours of their resume – these people probably had larger, more closed social circles.
In narrower groups, such as immediate families, people are more likely to have a & # 39; majority illusion & # 39; convince that the situation is not so bad.
Author study Amar Dhand wrote: & # 39; In strongly connected, close groups, information is recycled in a & # 39; echo chamber & # 39 ;, and all individuals overestimate collective support for existing standards.
WHY IS IT BAD TO DELAY DEMOLITION TREATMENT?
Strokes are caused because the blood and the oxygen supply to the brain are suddenly cut off – usually by a blood clot.
Starving the brain of oxygen leads to the death of vital nerve cells that control everything that happens in the body.
A person loses two million nerve cells for every minute that they do not receive medical treatment during a stroke, so going to hospital early is crucial.
The more nerve cells that are killed during a stroke, the greater the chance that the patient will suffer from permanent disability or death.
People can lose the use of their limbs, lose feeling in their skin, end up in a mental disability or die when many nerve cells die.
However, if treated early, strokes caused by spot clots can be treated with a drug to destroy or remove the clot, restoring blood and oxygen to the brain and reducing nerve damage.
And hemorrhagic strokes, which occur when a blood vessel bursts in the brain, may also be repaired to minimize damage.
Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the UK – there are 110,000 a year and around 32,000 patients die.
Acting fast can help to save the life of a stroke victim:
Face – Has the patient's face fallen on one side? Can they smile?
Arms – Can they raise both their arms and keep them there?
Speech – Is their speech unclear? If they notice any of these symptoms, it is:
Time – time to call 999 if you see ANY of these signals
Source: Public Health England
& # 39; This leads to selective disclosure (for example, no immediate disclosure of symptoms) and false consensus formation (for example, agreeing to look and wait), both of which were clearly visible in our data. & # 39;
Most strokes are caused by a clot that blocks blood flow and oxygen to the brain, causing parts of the tissue to die.
Damage caused by these types of strokes can be reduced if someone gets urgent medical help to remove the clot and restore blood flow.
However, the longer someone is left without this medical treatment and the longer the stroke continues, the more brain damage they will incur.
This leads to worse long-term effects and increases the risk of the patient dying.
& # 39; Coming quickly to the hospital after a heart attack or stroke is crucial for patients to be in time for treatment & # 39 ;, the researchers wrote in their study.
She added: & # 39; Delays lead to higher death rates and poorer functional outcomes after cardiac and neurological emergencies. & # 39;
In 75 percent of the people who were slow to arrive at the hospital, the first person they contacted when they fell ill was someone with whom they were emotionally close.
The scientists discovered that their discussions followed a spiral pattern in the direction of nonaction & # 39 ;.
Patients would withhold some information or figure out how concerned they were about it, and then perhaps negotiate about its severity.
One told their husband that they would go to the doctor themselves in the morning.
But the family members were just as bad – in one scenario, the patient's husband and sister's feeling of numbness on the one hand was not a cause for concern because it was coming and going.
However, people who could come to the hospital quickly had only close emotional contact with them, 53 percent of the time – more often friends or strangers were involved.
The study said: & # 39; Fast caregivers quickly revealed symptoms, did not negotiate and did not confirm others' plans.
& # 39; Colleagues & # 39; s, who had weak links in the network of one patient, mentioned 911 without discussion with the patient and said: & # 39; Something's wrong with you. You must go to the doctor. "& # 39;
The research was published in the journal Nature Communications.