The outgoing Liberal MP, Julia Banks, supported parliamentary gender quotas and said that "they would create conditions of equality."
Ms. Banks announced last month that she would not participate in the elections, described the harassment within her party and the opposition and promised to fight for gender equality.
In a speech on Tuesday, Ms. Banks said quotas would function as a "resettlement mechanism" that can make parliament more representative.
"It's really simple, if you only have one man running and there's no woman, find one, they're out there," Banks told Parliament.
In general, less than a quarter of the federal liberal deputies are women compared to almost half of the Labor representatives.
"[Women] they represent half of the population and also a modern liberal party, "said the Chisholm member.
He added that "only gender quotations will work in politics, not objectives."
"The meritocracy argument is completely wrong, there are an equal number of meritorious liberal women in the real world than men, but they will not come if the barriers to entry and the mountains are too high."
It comes only a day after Prime Minister Scott Morrison rejected the idea of gender quotas.
"[Quotas are] never something that has supported … I do not believe that quotas are the way to eliminate obstacles, "he said at 7:30 on Tuesday.
Morrison also rejected accusations of intimidation against women in the Liberal Party during the recent spill of leaders.
"This is a very hot business, as we know … [But] there were no specific gender actions related to what it is, some would call it very intense lobbying, which is quite normal in the political process, although not uplifting ".
In her speech to parliament on Tuesday, Ms. Banks said: "[during] my political journey, a culture of frightening behavior has been generalized, omnipresent and debilitating. "
She said the reactions to her recent decision had ranged from "moving support" to "retaliation and retribution" and "nothing to do here."