Obese children as young as TWELVE should be offered gastric bypasses & quot; because it is safe and effective & quot; pediatricians say
- American Academy of Pediatrics made a recommendation after proof testing
- Studies researchers looked at showed no adverse effect on children's development
- They say that treatment should be offered to children and teenagers with a BMI older than 40
Weight loss surgery is normally reserved as a last resort for obese adults who have been struggling with weight for decades.
But doctors are now demanding that overweight children be offered the major surgery to address the problem early.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) says more young people – including obese pre-teens – should be proposed for bariatric surgery, shrinking their stomachs to prevent overeating.
It made the recommendation based on an assessment of various studies showing that treatment was a safe option.
Doctors ask that overweight children are offered an operation for weight loss (image of the file)
They discovered that surgery in teenagers resulted in rapid weight loss that lasted for several years and ensured that diabetes and high blood pressure – side effects of obesity – disappeared.
While most of the investigated studies looked at teenagers, one included children under the age of 12 and found no negative effects on their growth, the researchers said.
Doctors have usually refrained from offering young people for surgery because of the fear that this may hamper their development.
Recent data showed that only 2,000 weight loss operations are performed on children and teenagers every year, despite the fact that the number of operations has tripled in the last 20 years.
WHAT IS Obesity? AND WHAT ARE HEALTH RISKS?
Obesity is defined as and adult with a BMI of 30 or higher.
The BMI of a healthy person – calculated by dividing the weight in kg by the height in meters and the answer again by the length – is between 18.5 and 24.9.
Among children, obesity is defined as being in the 95th percentile.
Percentiles compare young people with others of the same age.
For example, if a three-month-old is in the 40th percentile for weight, it means that 40 percent of the three-month-old children weigh the same or less than that baby.
About 58 percent of women and 68 percent of men in the UK are overweight or obese.
Obesity can lead to conditions such as type 2 diabetes, which can cause kidney disease, blindness and even limb amputations.
Carrying dangerous amounts of weight is also linked to 12 different types of cancer.
This includes breast, which affects one in eight women at some point in its life.
Among children, research suggests that 70 percent of obese young people have high blood pressure or increased cholesterol, putting them at risk for heart disease.
Obese children are also considerably more likely to become obese adults.
And if children are overweight, their obesity is often more severe in adulthood.
The AAP now recommends that an operation, which costs up to $ 20,000 (£ 15,600), should be considered a safe option and be covered by an insurance policy for young people.
They say that young people should be eligible for surgery if their body mass index is 40 or higher, or at least 35 if they have major health problems. A BMI of 30 and higher is considered to be obese.
Main author Dr. Sarah Armstrong admitted that young people who have not yet reached puberty may not be mature enough to understand the life-changing consequences of surgery.
The operation ensures that patients become physically ill if they eat too much or consume food that is high in fat or sugar.
It is also possible that patients absorb vital nutrients because they can only consume a limited amount of food.
But Dr. Armstrong, a professor of pediatrics at Duke University, said age alone should not exclude this as a possible treatment.
She added: “Children with severe obesity are more likely to develop health problems than children with a lower degree of obesity, including diabetes, high blood pressure, fatty liver, and sleep apnea.
& # 39; The message is safe and effective & # 39 ;, she said about the review.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), childhood obesity is now the greatest concern among parents in the US, supplementing drug abuse and smoking.
There are 4.8 million American children between the ages of 10 and 17 who are obese, the latest figures show.
Obesity is a risk factor for various devastating chronic health problems, including type 2 diabetes, strokes, heart attacks and even certain types of cancer.
Prevention is important early in life, as studies have shown that overweight five-year-olds are four times more likely to become obese at the age of 14 than children of normal weight.
Almost 22 percent of children from families living below the federal poverty level are obese, compared to 10 percent from families who live 400 percent above the poverty level.
That is a comparison of a household of four with an annual income of $ 25,100 (£ 19,500) compared to a household of comparable size with an annual income of $ 117,680 (£ 91,750).
Differences are also visible between varieties. The percentage of obesity among black children is 22.2 percent and 19 percent of Hispanic children are obese.
WHAT WOULD A BALANCED DIET LOOK LIKE?
Meals should be based on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally whole grain, according to the NHS
• Eat at least 5 servings of a variety of fruits and vegetables every day. All fresh, frozen, dried and canned fruit and vegetables count
• Basic meals on potatoes, bread, rice, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally whole grain
• 30 grams of fiber per day: this is the same as eating all of the following: 5 servings of fruit and vegetables, 2 whole-grain cereal cookies, 2 thick slices of whole-grain bread and a large baked potato with the skin on it
• Provide some alternatives to dairy or dairy products (such as soy drinks) with options for less fat and less sugar
• Eat some beans, legumes, fish, eggs, meat and other proteins (including 2 portions of fish every week, one of which must be fatty)
• Choose unsaturated oils and spreads and consume in small quantities
• Drink 6-8 cups / glasses of water per day
• Adults must have less than 6 g of salt and 20 g of saturated fat for women or 30 g for men per day
Source: NHS Eatwell guide
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