The British author VS Naipaul, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature 2001, died at 85 years of age.
Naipaul, whose numerous works revolved around issues of colonialism and exile, died peacefully at his home in London, his wife, Nadira Naipaul, said in a statement Saturday.
"He was a giant in everything he achieved and died surrounded by those he loved to have lived a life full of wonderful creativity and effort," he said.
Originally from India, Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, born in Trinidad in 1932, also won the Booker Prize in 1971 for his novel In a Free State and was knighted by the Queen in 1990.
His best known works include the novels Una casa para Mr Biswas (1961) and A Bend in the River (1979).
Acclaimed as a masterpiece, A House for Mr. Biswas told the tragicomic story of the quest for independence and identity of a Brahmin Indian who lived in Trinidad. Much of it is inspired by the experiences of the author's father.
Much of Naipaul's writings derived from what he called a lack of roots: his unhappiness with Trinidad's cultural and spiritual poverty, his alienation from India and his inability in England to relate to "the traditional values of what once It was a colonial power. "
The damaging effects of colonialism were a major concern of his work, but in his acclaimed semi-autobiographical novel The Enigma of the Arrival (1987), Naipaul spoke of a writer of Caribbean origin who is happy to return to England after years of wandering: It is only then that the world ceases to be a colony for him.
He was also the author of several nonfiction works, including Among the Believers, published in 1981 and based on his own travels, which warned of embodied resentment and the threat posed by radical Islamic fundamentalism.
Naipaul won a scholarship to the University of Oxford and at graduation embarked on a career as a freelance writer. In the mid-1950s, Naipaul was a Caribbean Voices broadcaster for the BBC and a regular fiction critic for New Statesman.
He later received a grant from the Trinidadian government to travel in the Caribbean and traveled extensively in the 1960s and early 1970s in India, South America, Africa, Iran, Pakistan, Malaysia and the United States.