Canon and Nikon were always somewhat reluctant to participate in the full-frame mirrorless party, and their respective EOS M and 1 systems never made the same dent in the market as competing systems.
It is all changing this year, because both companies have lost the huge demand for full-frame alternatives to their DSLR lines, with Canon releasing the EOS R and Nikon activating its Z-system with the Z6 and Z7.
Both systems are likely to have many early adopters, but how exactly do the flagship models compare to the specification sheet? Here we place the Canon EOS R against the Nikon Z7 to find out where every advantage is above its rival.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: resolution
The 31.7MP sensor in the EOS R, which produces images with an effective 30.3 MP, is undoubtedly perfectly suited to the needs of many users, but on paper it is slightly behind the 45MP sensor of the Z7 (see below ). However, it is a bit higher in the number of pixels than the 24.5MP Nikon Z6, so it ends up somewhere between the two.
Another difference between the two is that Canon has chosen to fit the sensor in the EOS R with an optical low-pass filter, while Nikon does not do it for the Z7 anymore. This last design has become more popular in recent years, given the extra sharpness it can give images, so on top of the added sensor resolution, the Z7 is more attractive in this respect.
Nikon Z7 versus Canon EOS R: lens mount and flange depth
Nikon wanted to emphasize the 55 mm diameter of its new lens mount, and more specifically what makes such a large attachment possible with regard to lens design with large aperture and image quality. In terms of size, Canon has almost succeeded in matching this, with its 54 mm RF mount.
A more important difference is that the flange depth of the EOS RF-support is 20 mm, while that on the Z7 is only 16 mm. This ensures that the body is somewhat more compact and gives the Nikon an advantage over its rival.
Nikon Z7 vs. Canon EOS R: stabilization
One of the main advantages of the Nikon Z7 compared to the EOS R is the presence of sensor-controlled stabilization, especially because it allows you to benefit from the technology even when using older lenses. This promises up to five stops of compensation, and offers five-axis compensation when used with F-mount lenses via the FTZ adapter (and three-axis stabilization for non-VR lenses).
Image stabilization is built into two of the four lenses that have been released alongside the EOS R, namely the Canon RF 35 mm f / 1.8 IS STM Macro and Canon RF 24-105 mm f / 4L IS USM, but it is clearly more convenient to make stabilization available. to have through the body at all times – so a new win for Nikon.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: autofocus
Although they were not quite leading in terms of number, the 493 phase detection AF points on the Z7 sensor sounded quite impressive when the camera was announced. However, the EOS R achieves this on paper with a maximum of 5,655 points.
Not only that, but the lower measurement of the working range of -6EV is significantly lower than that of the Z7 -3EV, and this should theoretically enable better detection of subjects in low light. We still have to test this, but Canon's system seems to have a significant advantage here on paper.
Nikon Z7 versus Canon EOS R: ISO range
The standard ISO range of the Z7 ranges from ISO64 to 25,600, while Canon starts with a slightly higher ISO100 and comes to ISO40,000. Expansion settings on both sides of these series see the Z7 recording with settings as low as ISO32 equivalent and as high as ISO102.400 equivalent, while the EOS R has ISO50 and 102.400 extremes. So, while the two cameras differ slightly in what they offer here, it is unlikely that they will have a significant impact during use.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: LCD screen
Both models have 2.1 million pixel LCD screens on their tailgate, although the Z7 is slightly larger, at 3.2 inches versus 3.15 inches. Nikon has chosen to tilt the screen up and down, while Canon for the same design with different angles has gone that models like the EOS 6D Mark II. This allows the screen to point to the front, making it more useful for selfie enthusiasts and those who plan to use the camera for vlogging, than the Nikon Z7.
Nikon Z7 versus Canon EOS R: EVF
Both models are equipped with electronic viewfinders and both have OLED panels with a resolution of 3.69 million dots.
The 0.80x magnification of the Nikon Z7 viewfinder (shown below) is considerably higher than the 0.71x magnification of the EOS R.
Nikon Z7 vs. Canon EOS R: burst speed
For continuous shooting, you can see that the Nikon Z7 has an advantage of 1 fps compared to the EOS R, with 9 fps (where the exposure is locked to that of the first frame) versus the 8 fps of the EOS R.
Switch to continuous focusing and the Z7 can maintain its 9fps burst speed, while the EOS R drops to 5 fps. If you want both autofocus and automatic exposure to be enabled, the Z7 can do this with 5.5 fps.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: memory card
Nikon's decision to equip its Z7 body with only one XQD memory card slot (see below) has caused a lot of controversy, but Canon's decision to use only one SDHC / SDXC slot can do more be controversial.
Although many current Canon users are likely to have a collection of SD cards, Nikon's long-term choice of XQD cards may prove to be the better option, especially as Nikon has promised support for the CFexpress format that has been set up. to complete XQD.
The fact that the card slot in the EOS R only supports the UHS-I standard may further disappoint, although most of them undoubtedly require UHS-II support – and it is highly likely that future models will see an upgrade here.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: lenses
Nikon officially unveiled three lenses alongside the new Z7, namely the NIKKOR Z 24-70 mm f / 4 S, NIKKOR Z 35 mm f / 1.8 S (bottom) and NIKKOR Z 50 mm f / 1.8 S, but it still has a lot more promised coming years.
Canon has demonstrably made a stronger start, not only by releasing four lenses, but also this quarter with more wide aperture options. These are the RF 28-70mm f / 2L USM, RF 50mm f / 1.2L USM, RF 35mm f / 1.8 IS STM Macro and RF 24-105mm f / 4L IS USM.
Both systems can also be used with existing optics designed for DSLRs via adapters.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: battery life
Here the EOS R has a small advantage, at least according to CIPA standards.
Although the Z7 offers 330 frames per full charge, the EOS manages R 350 frames with the EVF and 370 with the LCD. However, if you turn on the power saving mode, you can increase it to 430 and 450 respectively, and with Eco mode it can be increased even further to a maximum of 560.
Nikon Z7 vs Canon EOS R: format and weight
There is not much to split the two camera's when it comes to weight. The EOS R weighs 660 g with its battery and memory card in place and the Z7 weighs 675 g.
In the same way, the 135 mm width and 98.3 mm height of the Canon EOS R is almost the same as the 134 mm and 100.5 mm measurements of the Nikon Z7, but the EOS R is larger in total thanks to 84.4 mm deep against the 67.5 mm of the Z7.
In short, with a sensor with a higher resolution, a smaller body and the advantage of sensor-based image stabilization, Nikon's Z7 seems to have a firmer core than the EOS R. That said, the specifications of the auto focus of the EOS R, combined with the handful of lenses announced so far, shows that there is no clear winner and may not be enough to entice someone tied to one system to jump to another.