High-tech shoe soles that are worn daily can detect foot ulcers weeks before they begin to show.
The hope is that the insoles can help reduce the number of diabetes-related amputations needed by foot ulcers that will not heal – in England alone, around 6,000 people have leg, foot, or toe amputations every year due to diabetes complications.
The new, high-tech insoles, which are only a few millimeters thick, contain eight small sensors to measure the pressure on different parts of the soles of the feet.
When there is too much pressure – for example, by walking too far or standing in one position for too long – the blood supply is reduced, causing the tissue to starve of oxygen and the chance of a small cut in an ulcer (an open ulcer) grows).
High-tech shoe soles that are worn daily can detect foot ulcers weeks before they start to appear (stock image)
The sensors detect this overpressure and send a warning, via a gadget that clicks on the top of the shoe, to a special & # 39; slim & # 39; watch worn by the patient. This indicates which foot is affected and the location of the problem. The patient can then act to prevent ulceration: move weight to another part of the foot, walk around to spread the load or sit for five to ten minutes to allow the blood to flow back to the high-risk area.
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The Kally adjustable cushion claims to be the first fully adjustable cushion that fits every style of sleeper. It comes with four easily removable pads, so you can choose your ideal height and sturdiness. £ 29.99, kallysleep.com
The Kally adjustable cushion can be purchased for £ 29.99 at kallysleep.com
More than four million people in the UK have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. At least one in ten – around 400,000 people – develops poor circulation to the legs and feet because high levels of sugar in the blood line the walls of capillaries (small blood vessels) thicken in the lower leg, making blood less efficient. This in turn makes the healing process slower and less efficient.
The risks are increased because people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes often have nerve damage to their feet, so feel little pain and do not know that they have minor injuries until they become infected and are harder to heal.
People with type 1 diabetes are most at risk, but ulcers can also affect the two million people with peripheral arterial disease, with arteries in the lower legs narrowed by fat deposits.
Up to 40 percent of diabetic ulcers take at least three months to heal and in about 14 percent of cases, the wounds persist after one year despite treatment, which requires antibiotics and a cast to relieve pressure on the ulcer.
A recent trial by Manchester Metropolitan University, the University of Manchester and the Manchester Diabetes Center tested the insoles of 90 diabetic patients who had already had a cured foot ulcer but were at high risk of developing a new one.
All volunteers wore the insoles every day, but in half the system was switched off so that they received no reports.
The results, reported in the latest edition of The Lancet Digital Health, showed that those who regularly received smartwatch warnings were 71 percent less likely to have another foot ulcer during the 18-month experiment.
Dr. Caroline Abbott, a Manchester Metropolitan University researcher who led the study, said, "Smart insoles can be available on prescription for high-risk diabetics in the UK."
But David Matthews, a professor of diabetes medicine at Oxford University, said larger studies were needed before the insoles could be used on the NHS.
According to pedestrians from Lanzhou University in China, foot ulcers with sound waves can zap the chance of healing.
They analyzed data from hundreds of patients and discovered that the treatment – extracorporeal shockwave therapy – increased healing rates by increasing blood flow to the area, reports the Canadian Journal Of Diabetes.
Shockwave therapy is already used to destroy kidney stones and treat erectile dysfunction.
Beards can help fight baldness
The solution for male pattern baldness can be in beards. A complete lack of hair on the head in some men means that doctors who want to perform a hair transplant must consider other donor sites.
In the first study of its kind, researchers from the DermaClinix hair and skin clinic in Delhi, India compared head, beard and chest hair in transplantation procedures.
They wrote in the Journal of Cutaneous And Aesthetic Surgery that survival rates were highest during the first two months for beard hair (95 percent), followed by scalp (89 percent) and chest hair (76 percent).
Hates vegetarian? This is perhaps why
Don't you eat your vegetables? You may have an evasive / restrictive food intake (ARFID).
A study reported in the journal Nutrients showed that people with ARFID had no fruit or vegetables in their top five most eaten foods. In a comparison group, fruit and vegetables made up three out of five.
The ARFID group also had a higher intake of added sugar and carbohydrates.
Don't you eat your vegetables? You may have an evasive / restrictive food intake (stock image)
Can hypnosis cure incontinence?
Hypnotherapy can be just as effective as medication for incontinence.
Approximately 150 women with urgent incontinence – the sudden need for urination, which affects nearly a quarter of women 40 years and older – participated in a study reported in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Half of them had hypnotherapy, while the others took medication, including oxybutynin, which relaxes bladder muscles to reduce the urgency and frequency of urination.
After six months, symptoms improved by 85.7 percent in the hypnotherapy group and by 83.3 percent in the drug group.
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