NASA tests the ‘lunar brightness’ of VIPER rover in conditions that mimic the lunar surface
Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo and the goddess of the moon in Greek mythology.
NASA chose her to personify her way back to the Moon, which will see astronauts return to the lunar surface by 2024, including the first woman and the next man.
Artemis 1, formerly Exploration Mission-1, is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that will allow human exploration to the Moon and Mars.
Artemis 1 will be the first integrated flight test of NASA’s deep space exploration system: the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and ground systems at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Artemis 1 will be an unmanned flight that will provide a basis for the exploration of deep human space and demonstrate our commitment and ability to extend human existence to the Moon and beyond.
During this flight, the spacecraft will launch into the world’s most powerful rocket and fly farther than any spacecraft built for humans has ever flown.
It will travel 280,000 miles (450,600 km) from Earth, thousands of miles beyond the Moon during a mission of approximately three weeks.
Artemis 1, formerly Exploration Mission-1, is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that will allow human exploration to the Moon and Mars. This graphic explains the different stages of the mission.
Orion will remain in space longer than any astronaut ship without docking at a space station and will return home faster and hotter than ever.
With this first exploration mission, NASA is leading the next steps of human exploration in deep space where astronauts will build and begin testing the systems near the Moon necessary for missions to the lunar surface and exploration to other destinations farther from Earth, including Mars.
They will take the crew on a different trajectory and test Orion’s critical systems with humans on board.
The SLS rocket will go from an initial configuration capable of sending more than 26 metric tons to the Moon, to a final configuration that can send at least 45 metric tons.
Together, Orion, SLS and the ground systems in Kennedy will be able to meet the most challenging needs of the mission of the crew and the cargo in deep space.
Finally, NASA seeks to establish a sustainable human presence on the Moon by 2028 as a result of the Artemis mission.
The space agency hopes that this colony will discover new scientific discoveries, demonstrate new technological advances and establish the basis for private companies to build a lunar economy.