The biggest pumpkin of all! NASA shares creepy Halloween photo of the sun glowing with a lantern
- Active areas on the surface of the sun created the grimacing smile and slanted eyes
- & # 39; Face & # 39; glowed on the surface of the sun in 2014 when the activity reached the maximum solar level
- NASA believes that the sun is now at solar minimum, which causes colder temperatures
A ghostly photo showing the sun glowing with a Halloween pumpkin face was shared by NASA before All Hallows & # 39; Eve on October 31.
Active areas on the surface of the sun created the grimacing smile and slanted eyes on the largest & # 39; pumpkin & # 39; from everyone.
The haunting & # 39; face & # 39; melted on the surface of the sun in 2014 when the activity reached the & # 39; maximum solar range & # 39; reached, which means that more sunspots occurred.
The spooky illuminated & # 39; face & # 39; glowed on the surface of the sun in 2014 when the activity reached the & # 39; maximum solar range & # 39; reached, which means that more sunspots occurred
NASA placed the image along with the caption: & # 39; Even our star celebrates the ghostly season – in 2014 active regions & # 39; s on the sun created this jack-o & # 39; lantern face as seen in ultraviolet light through our Solar Dynamics Observatory satellite. & # 39;
A real pumpkin carved in a creepy Halloween lantern face
The image combines two sets of extreme ultraviolet wavelengths at 171 and 193 Ångströms (colored in gold and yellow) to create a special Halloween-like appearance.
It was captured by NASA & # 39; s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which has been following the sun from its orbit in space since 2010.
The sun witnessed a large number of sunspots in 2014, NASA said the minimum would strike from 2019 to 2020.
Astronomers associate periods of solar minimums with colder temperatures because the & # 39; natural heating mechanism & # 39; from the sun.
When the sun jumps from its minimum after about 11 years, we will probably see more and more fierce explosions on the sun.
At the peak of the cycle, solar maximum, the sun is constantly peppered with spots, pictured, some as large as the planet Jupiter. But at its minimum, months can pass without a single sunspot and the magnetic field weakened, meaning more energy is thrown to earth
A creepy, silent surface of the sun has been captured by NASA. The produced image is a solid orange sphere and is the result of a lack of sunspot activity in the star's magnetic field. At this point, the otherwise violent surface of the sun acquires a calmer and almost idyllic appearance
The sun reached a minimum of solar energy between 1650 and 1710, leaving the earth in a & # 39; freezer & # 39; has been submerged, NASA said.
What causes the solar cycle?
The sun goes through a cycle of 11 years in which it goes from very active to less active.
It is followed by sunspots and is currently going through a quiet phase.
Researchers from Germany have published a recent study that claims it can be caused by the matching gravitational fields of Venus, Earth and Jupiter.
This only happens once every 11.07 years and is probably the cause of switching in the solar cycle.
The sloshing of the plasma is perhaps only one millimeter disturbed, but this is enough to change the movement on a larger scale, they claim.
NASA said: & # 39; 1650 to 1710, temperatures fell over much of the northern hemisphere when the sun entered a quiet phase that is now called the Maunder Minimum.
& # 39; During this period, very few sunspots appeared on the surface of the sun, and the overall brightness of the sun decreased slightly.
& # 39; Already in the middle of a colder-than-average period called the Little Ice Age, Europe and North America became frozen: glaciers in the mountains stretched over farmland in the valley; sea ice crept south of the Arctic; and the famous canals in the Netherlands froze regularly – an event that is rare nowadays. & # 39;
The sun fluctuates every eleven years from a solar maximum to a solar minimum.
During the maximum, sunspots and solar flares increase in intensity, and produce warmer temperatures up and down the planet.
According to NASA, the minimum of solar energy can also improve the effects of space weather, potentially disrupting communication and navigation systems, and even space debris can & # 39; hang around & # 39 ;.
WHY DO LESS SUNSETS CAUSE MORE PROBLEMS ON EARTH?
The lack of sunspot activity in the sun is due to a persistent period of inactivity in the star's magnetic field.
As the sun goes through its 11-year cycle, it experiences active and silent periods known as the solar maximum and the solar minimum.
As the minimum of the sun approaches, certain types of activities – such as sunspots and solar flares – will decrease, but it is also expected that this will increase phenomena with a long lifetime.
This includes coronal holes, where fast-moving solar winds are created when the star's magnetic field opens into space. This happens more regularly as the magnetic field of the sun becomes less active.
Strong solar winds from three huge & # 39; holes & # 39; scientists have begun to bomb the earth on the surface of the sun. Fast moving solar winds are created where the magnetic field of the star opens into space, depicted here as vast black areas
Charged particles make their way through these holes in the solar system and touch the atmosphere of our planet.
This can lead to a number of complications, including magnetic storms that can lead to fluctuations in the electricity grid, influence on satellite activities and can affect draft animals.
An increase in solar winds can also change the chemistry of the Earth's upper atmosphere, which can cause more lightning and help in the formation of clouds.
It can also affect air travel, because more radiation can penetrate aircraft. This means that passengers on long-haul flights can receive the same radiation dose during a single journey as dental X-rays and that crews of pilots are at extra risk.
The effects of the minimum solar energy can also be that the upper atmosphere of the earth cools and shrinks slightly, because less heat reaches the planet. This allows space waste to accumulate in a low orbit around the earth.
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