NASA reveals the first astronauts to be launched from US soil since 2011 when the SpaceX and Boeing teams get their name

NASA has revealed to the nine astronauts that they will soon take up space aboard the Boeing CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX Crew Dragon. From left to right: Suni Williams, Josh Cassada, Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Chris Ferguson, Doug Hurley, Bob Behnken, Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover

NASA has revealed that the nine astronauts who will soon take up space aboard the Boeing CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX Crew Dragon will be pioneers in a "new era in American space flight."

On Friday, the space agency presented the team assigned to the flight tests of the two new capsules at a press conference held at the Johnson Space Center in Texas.

The movement means NASA will finally be able to launch manned missions from US soil for the first time in nearly a decade.

The first flight tests of the commercial crew of SpaceX and Boeing will be directed by astronauts: Eric Boe, Chris Ferguson, Nicole Aunapu Mann, Bob Behnken, Doug Hurley, Josh Cassada, Suni Williams, Victor Glover and Mike Hopkins.

For the astronauts Cassada and Mann, the most important missions will also mark their first space flights.

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NASA has revealed to the nine astronauts that they will soon take up space aboard the Boeing CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX Crew Dragon. From left to right: Suni Williams, Josh Cassada, Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Chris Ferguson, Doug Hurley, Bob Behnken, Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover

NASA has revealed to the nine astronauts that they will soon take up space aboard the Boeing CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX Crew Dragon. From left to right: Suni Williams, Josh Cassada, Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Chris Ferguson, Doug Hurley, Bob Behnken, Mike Hopkins, Victor Glover

It is expected to be an important turning point for US space exploration; A manned mission has not been launched from US soil since 2011.

"For the first time since 2011, we are about to launch US astronauts, on American rockets, from US territory," said NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine during the conference.

Both Boeing and SpaceX missions will begin with a flight test of the crew.

For Boeing, it will be driven by astronauts Eric Boe, Chris Ferguson and Nicole Mann, who will take off from the Kennedy Space Center in mid-2019.

In this crucial test, the crew will autonomously couple and undo the International Space Station before returning to Earth.

Boeing will send astronauts Josh Cassada and Suni Williams to the ISS, where they will live and work for the rest of their mission before returning to Earth at another time.

The flight test of the SpaceX crew will be led by astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, with plans to take off from the Kennedy Space Center in April 2019.

As with the Boeing test, the Crew Dragon will dock and undock the ISS autonomously, before returning to Earth.

Then, SpaceX will send astronauts Victor Glover and Michael Hopkins to the ISS for their mission in the orbiting lab.

"We no longer have to depend on our Russian partners to reach the ISS," said Kennedy Space Center director Bob Cabana at the Friday morning press conference.

"This is truly an exciting time for human space flight in our nation." And believe me, it will only improve as we cling to our future. "

The president and operations manager of SpaceX, Gwynne Shotwell, said it was a "sacred honor" to participate in the missions.

"We're not going to disappoint him," Shotwell said, making an offer to the group: "Ad Astra". [to the stars].

From left to right: Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Chris Ferguson Aimed at launching in mid-2019 aboard a Starliner spacecraft. The test will be Mann's first space flight

From left to right: Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Chris Ferguson Aimed at launching in mid-2019 aboard a Starliner spacecraft. The test will be Mann's first space flight

From left to right: Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Chris Ferguson Aimed at launching in mid-2019 aboard a Starliner spacecraft. The test will be Mann's first space flight

Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley will be launched in April 2019 aboard a SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on top of a Falcon 9 rocket.

Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley will be launched in April 2019 aboard a SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on top of a Falcon 9 rocket.

Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley will be launched in April 2019 aboard a SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on top of a Falcon 9 rocket.

WHEN THE LAST DURATION LAUNCHED US MISSIONS CREATED? UU.?

Shuttle Columbia shown during takeoff from the Kennedy Space Center in 2003

Shuttle Columbia shown during takeoff from the Kennedy Space Center in 2003

Shuttle Columbia shown during takeoff from the Kennedy Space Center in 2003

NASA launched its first space shuttle, Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-1), from the Kennedy Space Center on April 12, 1981.

Over the next three decades, the space agency deployed a total of 135 missions from US soil.

Columbia was just the beginning; Following in his footsteps, NASA launched Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavor to bring people into orbit.

These launches also allowed the construction of the International Space Station, the largest structure in space, which now houses a rotating crew of astronauts from around the world, performing important experiments that continue to advance our knowledge of the cosmos.

The shuttle missions came to an end with the shuttle Atlantis on July 21, 2011 after STS-135.

Columbia was just the beginning; Following in its footsteps, NASA launched Challenger, Discovery (photo above in 2011), Atlantis and Endeavor to take people to orbit

Columbia was just the beginning; Following in its footsteps, NASA launched Challenger, Discovery (photo above in 2011), Atlantis and Endeavor to take people to orbit

Columbia was just the beginning; Following in its footsteps, NASA launched Challenger, Discovery (photo above in 2011), Atlantis and Endeavor to take people to orbit

In the years since then, NASA has had to rely on Russian modules to send astronauts to the ISS, all of which are launched from a foreign land.

Now, the space agency is stepping up its efforts to bring manned launches home.

On August 3, 2018, NASA revealed to the nine astronauts who will soon take up space aboard the Boeing CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX Crew Dragon, to initiate a "new era in American space flight."

The flight tests of the crew will be launched from the Kennedy Space Center in 2019.

The shuttle missions came to an end with the shuttle Atlantis on July 21, 2011 after STS-135. Above, Atlantis lands at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fl, marking the official end of the 30-year program

The shuttle missions came to an end with the shuttle Atlantis on July 21, 2011 after STS-135. Above, Atlantis lands at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fl, marking the official end of the 30-year program

The shuttle missions came to an end with the shuttle Atlantis on July 21, 2011 after STS-135. Above, Atlantis lands at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fl, marking the official end of the 30-year program

While Boeing initially planned to carry out its first flight test of the crew later this year, it confirmed earlier this week that an anomaly was detected during a recent test of the launch abortion vehicles, forcing them to delay their objective.

Instead, the company will launch its first crew test in 2019.

According to Boeing, the incident occurred during a hot-fire test of the engines used in the Starliner abortion system.

Both companies have carried out extensive test campaigns before plans for manned space flights.

SpaceX is currently contemplating November 2018 for its first demonstration mission crewed with Crew Dragon, followed by its first flight to the ISS in April 2019, with two astronauts on board.

Boeing will send astronauts Josh Cassada and Suni Williams to the ISS, where they will live and work for the remainder of their mission before returning to Earth months later. This will be the first space flight of Cassada

Boeing will send astronauts Josh Cassada and Suni Williams to the ISS, where they will live and work for the remainder of their mission before returning to Earth months later. This will be the first space flight of Cassada

Boeing will send astronauts Josh Cassada and Suni Williams to the ISS, where they will live and work for the remainder of their mission before returning to Earth months later. This will be the first space flight of Cassada

Then, SpaceX will send astronauts Victor Glover and Michael Hopkins to the ISS for their mission in the orbital laboratory.

Then, SpaceX will send astronauts Victor Glover and Michael Hopkins to the ISS for their mission in the orbital laboratory.

Then, SpaceX will send astronauts Victor Glover and Michael Hopkins to the ISS for their mission in the orbital laboratory.

WHAT IS ELON MUSK'S CREW DRAGON?

The capsule is approximately 20 feet high by 12 feet in diameter, and will transport up to 7 astronauts at a time.

The Crew Dragon features an advanced emergency escape system (which was tested earlier this year) to quickly transport astronauts to a safe place if something goes wrong, experiencing the same G-forces as a trip at Disneyland.

It also has an Environmental Support and Environmental Control System (ECLSS) that provides a comfortable and safe environment for crew members.

The screens of Crew Dragon will provide real-time information on the status of the spacecraft's capabilities, showing everything from Dragon's position in space, to possible destinations, and the environment on board.

Those CRS-2 Dragon missions will use "propulsive" landings, where the capsule lands on a landing pad using its SuperDraco thrusters instead of falling into the ocean.

That will allow NASA faster access to the cargo returned by those spacecraft, and it will also accumulate experience for propeller landings of manned Dragon spacecraft.

Boeing also plans to conduct a crew test early next year, before sending crew members to the ISS in mid-2019.

While no unscrewed flight tests were required, both Boeing and SpaceX volunteered to do them before adding astronauts.

"This was above and beyond NASA's requirement in the contract," said Kathy Lueders, manager of the Commercial Crew Program at NASA Kennedy.

"Both partners said they really wanted to have a screwless flight test to make sure that the integrated rockets, spacecraft and reentry systems work as designed to ensure that the integrated system is working."

NASA launched its first space shuttle, Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-1), from the Kennedy Space Center on April 12, 1981.

Over the next three decades, the space agency deployed a total of 135 missions from US soil.

Boeing plans to fly early next year, with plans to add crew by mid-2019

Boeing plans to fly early next year, with plans to add crew by mid-2019

SpaceX is contemplating November 2018 its first demonstration mission with Crew Dragon, followed by its first manned flight to the ISS in April 2019, with two astronauts on board.

SpaceX is contemplating November 2018 its first demonstration mission with Crew Dragon, followed by its first manned flight to the ISS in April 2019, with two astronauts on board.

Boeing (Starliner, photo on left) plans to fly a mission unscrewed early next year, with plans to add crew by mid-2019. SpaceX is currently considering November 2018 for its first demonstration mission with Crew Dragon (right), followed by his first flight with crew to the ISS in April 2019

TAXI BOEING STARLINER SPACE

The Starliner is part of the operational mission of NASA's commercial crew to bring astronauts to the International Space Station.

It will be launched from a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket, and manned tests will begin in 2018.

The missions can take up to four astronauts at a time, with Eric Boe, Bob Behnken, Doug Hurley and Sunni Williams training.

In February, it was revealed that Boeing had hired a small company to manufacture around 600 3D printed pieces for its Starliner space taxis.

The Starliner will be launched from a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket and is part of the operational mission of NASA's commercial crew to take astronauts to the International Space Station, allowing seven residents to grow.

The Starliner will be launched from a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket and is part of the operational mission of NASA's commercial crew to take astronauts to the International Space Station, allowing seven residents to grow.

The Starliner will be launched from a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket and is part of the operational mission of NASA's commercial crew to take astronauts to the International Space Station, allowing seven residents to grow.

After the shuttle program was withdrawn in 2011, the agency has relied on Russian modules to send astronauts into space.

With the next tests, NASA is now closer than it has been in almost a decade of launching astronauts from the US. UU., On board capsules made here at home.

"I'm excited to be a part of the future of space travel," said Jon Cowart, interim deputy director of the Mission Integration and Management Office of the Commercial Crew Program at NASA Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

"When we get to this point, the companies will have tested each piece of the spacecraft individually, but there is much more learning that happens when the spacecraft actually operates in space.

"The systems will be operated in the real environment to test it and ensure that it is ready for the crew."

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