NASA is updating its policy to protect the Moon and Mars from human germs that can lift during space missions – and to prevent astronauts from taking home alien microbes
- NASA plans to send manned missions to the Moon in 2024 and Mars in the 2030s
- The agency is adapting its policy to protect the area against human germs
- The moon is divided into two categories to help astronauts prepare
- A part is not durable and has no requirements
- The other is filled with craters that contain water ice and may keep life
- Human microbes are not allowed on Mars and NASA will work on solutions
- The idea is not to contaminate the surfaces where samples can be taken
As NASA prepares to send humans to the Moon and Mars, it is also working on new advances to protect the space areas from human germs and prevent alien microbes from contaminating Earth.
The US space agency has released updates to its Planetary Protection Policy, which place new demands on both astronauts and robot missions.
The added policy notes that no biological matter should be left on or around the moon, and people should not contaminate any part of Mars or return to Earth with germs from the Red Planet.
The first woman and the next man will go to the moon in 2024, and the first manned mission to Mars is planned for the 2030s – and as early as 2035.
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The added policy notes that no biological matter remains on or around the moon. However, the moon is now divided into two categories: one where life can exist and the other where it will not. This allows astronauts to better prepare for the Artemis mission
NASA’s planetary protection policy is designed to prevent biological contamination of both Mars worlds and our Earth in the event that germs from another planet find their home when a mission returns.
And it has been a guiding principle for astronomers for more than 50 years.
A major focus of the policy has been protecting the solar system from human germs and protecting people on Earth – NASA doesn’t want astronauts returning Mars microbes.
However, as the space agency prepares for future missions to the Moon and Mars, it is now reconsidering the guidelines and releasing “ interim guidelines. ”
The update also states that humans should not contaminate any part of Mars with biological materials or return to Earth with germs from the Red Planet
NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said during a webinar in which he announced the new proposed changes, “We need to rethink this policy because we can’t go to Mars with humans if the principle we stick to is that we don’t carry microbials with us. ‘
“Because that’s just not possible.”
The first directive focuses on the moon, because there is a “rare risk that pollution from a spacecraft could jeopardize future missions.”
The document divides the moon globe into two different categories: the “vast majority” and “the peaks of the North and South poles”.
The first category has no requirements, because the lifetime determined by NASA is not found in these areas.
The second, however, contains craters with water ice that are the targets of the lunar mission Artemis.
“We must ensure that when we go to the moon, we protect those very important scientific sites where there is a risk that … the moon will be contaminated from a biological perspective,” said Bridenstine.
“You can go there under category II, but we just have to be very careful to take stock of any biology we might bring.”
For Mars, the space agency is concerned not only about polluting the Martian surface, but also about contaminating robots and astronauts for when they return to Earth.
The Artemis mission will send the first woman and the next man to the moon around 2024. People will fly to Mars in 2030
This guideline is a path of knowledge gained from the International Space Station, the gateway, lunar surface operations and robot missions to Mars will be utilized to prevent harmful forward and reverse harmful biological contamination.
“It is essential that NASA’s regulations stay in sync with our capabilities and plans,” said Bridenstine.
This NID will enable human exploration of Mars and create new opportunities for awe-inspiring science and innovative commercial activities. I believe that science and human exploration are complementary efforts and I am delighted to see that these policy reforms are opening up a new era of discovery. ‘
NASA will land the first woman and the next man on the moon in 2024 as part of the Artemis mission
Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo and goddess of the moon in Greek mythology.
NASA has chosen her to personify her path to the moon, which will return astronauts to the lunar surface in 2024 – including the first woman and the next man.
Formerly Exploration Mission-1, Artemis 1 is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that enable human exploration to the Moon and Mars.
Artemis 1 will be the first integrated flight test of NASA’s deep space exploration system: the Orion spacecraft, the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, and the ground systems at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Artemis 1 will be an unmanned flight that will provide a basis for human exploration of deep space, demonstrating our dedication and our ability to extend human existence to the Moon and beyond.
During this flight, the spacecraft will launch on the most powerful rocket in the world and fly further than any spacecraft ever built for humans.
It will travel 450,000 miles (450,600 km) from Earth, thousands of miles past the Moon over the course of a three-week mission.
Formerly Exploration Mission-1, Artemis 1 is the first in a series of increasingly complex missions that enable human exploration to the Moon and Mars. This image explains the different phases of the mission
Orion stays in space longer than any astronaut ship has done without plugging into a space station and returning home faster and hotter than ever before.
With this first exploration mission, NASA is leading the next steps of human exploration in deep space where astronauts will build and test the systems near the moon needed for lunar surface missions and exploration to other destinations further from Earth, including Mars.
They take the crew on a different route and test Orion’s critical systems with people on board.
The SLS rocket will be able to send more than 26 tons to the moon from an initial configuration, to an ultimate configuration capable of transmitting at least 45 tons.
Together, Orion, SLS and Kennedy’s ground systems can meet the most challenging needs of deep-space crew and cargo missions.
Ultimately, as a result of the Artemis mission by 2028, NASA aims to establish a sustainable human presence on the moon.
The space agency hopes that this colony will discover new scientific discoveries, demonstrate new technological advances, and provide the foundation for private companies to build a lunar economy.