Extraterrestrial life can be discovered in less than two years, but the world is & # 39; not prepared for the results & # 39 ;, says NASA chief scientist.
Europe & # 39; s ExoMars Rover, named Rosalind in memory of British chemist Rosalind Franklin, will be launched in March with NASA & # 39; s Mars Mars 2020.
They will look for extraterrestrial life and organic material by focusing on rock formations, with the ExoMars 6.5 ft drilling into Mars & # 39; s core to extract samples.
Signs of life could be found within months of their arrival on Mars in March 2021, Dr. told. Jim Green, a scientist who worked with both missions, the Sunday Telegraph.
Europe & # 39; s ExoMars Rover, named Rosalind in memory of British chemist Rosalind Franklin, will be launched in March with NASA & # 39; s rover Mars 2020. Pictured, an artist & # 39; s impression of the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter and its entry, landing and descent module
But the & # 39; revolutionary & # 39; discovery will & # 39; start a whole new way of thinking & # 39; and Dr. Green says: & # 39; I don't think we are prepared for the results. & # 39;
Questions about whether people can move between planets and what the other life looks like will be raised by the breakthrough.
When Europe & # 39; s ExoMars rover lands on Mars, the core samples it retrieves are broken up and examined for organic matter.
NASA & # 39; s robber bends into rock formations on the surface of the planet before sending test tubes filled with these monsters back to Earth.
Signs of life could be found within months of their arrival on Mars in March 2021, Dr. told. Jim Green, a scientist who worked with both missions, the Sunday Telegraph
It will be the first time that Mars matter has been brought to this planet.
Scientists will specifically look for the 300 minerals that can only be created by life and will concentrate the search around the site of the ancient Mars ocean.
& # 39; When environments become extreme, life moves in the rocks, & # 39; added Dr. Green.
Earlier this year, scientists discovered the first geological evidence of a system of water reservoirs deep beneath the surface of Mars.
The Mars Express satellite data investigation revealed the size of the former underground lakes based on features at the bottom of deep craters.
& # 39; Early Mars was a watery world, but as the climate of the planet changed, this water withdrew beneath the surface to create pools and & # 39; groundwater & # 39; said lead author Francesco Salese of Utrecht University in the Netherlands.
"We traced this water in our research because its scale and role is a matter of discussion and we have found the first geological evidence of a planet-wide groundwater system."
In the study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, researchers investigated 24 deep, enclosed craters in the northern hemisphere of Mars.
Each of these craters drops to around 4,000 meters below the & # 39; sea level & # 39; from Mars – which scientists have defined based on altitude and atmospheric pressure.
Numerous functions on the crater floors at a depth of 4,000 – 4,500 meters indicate water, with indications of puddles and currents that have changed over time.
This includes canals, valleys, curved delta's, ribbed terraces and fan-shaped sediment deposits.
According to the researchers, the levels indicated by the crater features correspond to predictions for the shores of a Mars ocean that were thought to have existed three to four billion years ago.
The ExoMars rover of the European Space Agency is prepared to leave Airbus in Stevenage. The ExoMars 2020 rover Rosalind Franklin is the first planetary rover in Europe and is looking for signs of past or present life on Mars
& # 39; What it comes down to is where there is water, where there is life & # 39 ;, says Dr. Green. Scientists believe that if there was ever water on Mars, there could have been life.
It comes just a week after unprecedented bursts of magnetic energy on astounded Mars astronomers.
The magnetometer attached to the advanced NASA InSight spacecraft detected a bizarre leap in pulsations on the surface of the planet at night.
Since November 2018, the InSight capsule has been collecting information from the Red Planet – including registering the cruelty of so-called & # 39; Marsquakes & # 39; and measuring the temperature of the upper crust.
And scientists have not yet determined the causes behind the sudden magnetic pulses, which were 20 times stronger than previous observations, according to National Geographic.
A working prototype of the newly named Rosalind Franklin ExoMars rover at the Airbus Defense and Space facility in Stevenage, north of London
The bewildering aspect of these most recent findings, however, was the timepiece-like frequency of the midnight pulses.
The InSight lander is currently being placed on the equator of Mars. Such pulses were never recorded on the equator on earth.
A team from the University of California presented their paper at the annual meeting of the European Planetary Science Congress.
They wrote: & # 39; The continuous night pulses found by InSight FluxGate are unexpected because they differ from what is typically observed on the earth's surface at the same local time. & # 39;
The lander expedition also revealed that a layer of two miles deep below the surface of Mars is able to conduct electricity.
It is thought that this could be a body of water, but that is not confirmed.
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