As many as half of the students darken or turn brown by drinking alcohol – but most of them do not understand what it can do, reveals a new study.
Drinking in high school has been consistently reduced in the US, but that encouraging trend disappears as soon as Americans reach adulthood.
At the age of 18, Americans drink record quantities of alcohol, and especially alcohol abuse is the order of the day.
Despite the fact that half of the students interviewed by Brown University researchers had turned brown or black in the past month, most of them did not know what kind of drinking would affect their memories.
Half of the students are drowned – but most do not know why or how they can avoid a night they will not remember, a new study found
Black-out get drunk & # 39; has practically become a clou. Teenagers use the sentence, films use it as a narrative device for hilarity to follow and countless Americans use it as an excuse to be on less than their best behavior.
It is a common practice.
When the newly-minted Supreme Court Court of Appeal Kavanaugh was asked in his confirmation hearing whether he had ever drowned, he snapped back to Senator Amy Klobuchar and asked if she had been.
He was accused of black-out at the university, something that Brown University researchers say is avoidable – but most do not know why they turn black, let alone how they can prevent them.
The research team, led by Dr. Kate Carrey, professor in the Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies at the school, conducted a series of three studies, consisting of surveys and interviews, about drinking among students.
In the first discussion forum, 50 students were generally aware of the basic risk factors for black-out: strong drinks, drinking a lot and drinking quickly.
But the nuances were lost.
Beyond the knowledge of most students, women are more likely to black out (three drinks earlier than their male counterparts), and other genetic factors come into play.
According to some estimates, having a mother with alcohol problems means that people of both sexes are more likely to become obscured, and genetic predisposition can cause as much as 50 percent of the blackouts.
Then there are the factors that are within the control of students – if they should choose for any.
We do not know all the mechanisms at work in black outs, but we do know that drinking on an empty stomach, lack of sleep, & pregaming & # 39 ;, mixing different drinks and mixing alcohol and drugs all risk of black-out increase or turn brown.
But the students of the study did not know that.
"The type of drinking that leads to alcohol-related memory disorders is common, but it is not usually done with the intention to obscure it," Dr. Carey said.
& # 39; And those who regularly drink and report darkening experiences do not have a complete picture of what causes them & # 39 ;, says Dr. Carey.
For the best of the minds of the students and perhaps the worst for their livers, if these students knew the causes, they could drink more and less obscure.
The interesting thing is that, no matter how much you drink, there are ways to drink so that you do not obscure & # 39 ;, says Dr. Carey.
Although some studies have shown that having 15 drinks for four hours would give you a solid chance of blackout, and it can happen after only two, putting apart as many drinks as possible in time could help you get black. -out to avoid.
For example, the oldest drink in the book could be water.
Only small amounts of water that drink during a night can prevent blood alcohol from getting out of hand, causing the memory to drown out.
Blacking-out precedes fainting and may in some respects be more dangerous, because the person can continue with activities that endanger themselves and others – such as sexual activity and driving – as long as they remain aware.
Black outs can cause permanent damage to the brain, including about one to two percent of Americans, a permanent seizure condition called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome that permanently damages memory and vision.
Historically, the simple learning of the dangers associated with alcohol has shown little effectiveness in changing their behavior.
Instead, the Brown University team discovered that talking about students' blackouts with them and helping them experience these experiences as dangerous rather than "exciting". to see (as some students have described) young people to drink black-out.
"We hope that focusing on this one particular consequence of a particular style of drinking offers many opportunities for interventions," Dr. Carey said.