More exercise, healthy eating and quitting smoking can reduce your chances of becoming brittle at an older age, study claims
- Scientists at De Montfort University followed nearly 9,000 participants
- Age was the biggest risk factor for vulnerability, the results of the 12-year study revealed
- But being overweight and smoking also increased the chance of becoming brittle
More exercise, eating healthily and quitting smoking can reduce your chances of becoming brittle in old age, a study suggests.
Scientists led by a team from Leicester & # 39; s Montfort University followed on average nearly 9,000 participants over the age of 50 for 12 years.
Age was the biggest risk factor for vulnerability – but overweight and smoking also increase the chance of becoming vulnerable, the results show.
Researchers calculated a 67-year-old who is sitting and smoking has a 59 percent chance of becoming vulnerable by the time they turn 79.
For comparison: someone of the same age who does not smoke and regularly sports, has only a 22 percent chance.
Scientists led by a team from Leicester & # 39; s Montfort University followed on average nearly 9,000 participants over the age of 50 for 12 years. Age was the greatest risk factor for vulnerability – but being overweight and smoking also increases the chance of becoming vulnerable
Figures show that about 10 percent of the over-65s are weak, which often robs retirees of their ability to wash and get dressed.
There have been few studies of the condition, making it difficult for scientists to find ways to postpone the attack of vulnerability.
The study led by De Montfort, published in the journal PLOS ONE, now suggests & # 39; there may be room to reduce vulnerability and progression & # 39 ;.
Dr. Nils Niederstrasser and colleagues, including experts from the island of Grenada, analyzed data from 8,780 volunteers between 2004 and 2017.
WHAT ARE THE FIVE WARNING SIGNS OF FRAILTY IN THE OLD AGE?
According to a June 2018 study by University College London, middle-aged people run the risk of later vulnerability if they:
- Are obese: About 7.9 percent of obese people are brittle compared to 2.7 percent of people with a healthy weight
- Are inactive: Sedentary people have a 6.2 percent chance of suffering from sudden weight loss or exhaustion in later life versus 2.5 to 3.5 percent of those who are active
- Smoke: About 5.4 percent of smokers are brittle compared to 3.5 percent without the habit
- High interleukin 6 levels have: This is a marker for inflammation in the body. Those with the highest levels have a 4 percent risk of vulnerability versus 1 percent with the lowest
- Have high C-reactive protein levels: Also a sign of inflammation, middle-aged people with the highest levels have a 4 percent chance of being physically weak versus a 2 percent risk in people with the lowest amounts. These proteins can be reduced by de-stressing and less sugar.
The results showed that participants who led a sedentary life were more than twice as likely to become brittle during the duration of the study.
Volunteers who earned the least money and people with the greatest pain sensitivity were at 80 and 39 percent higher risk respectively.
Being obese (33 percent), being a current or previous smoker (29 percent), or having a high waist-to-hip ratio (25 percent) also increased the odds.
Other factors that seemed to increase the risk of vulnerability were a lack of education, a weak lower body and loneliness.
Dr. Niederstrasser's team said that obesity – which can be prevented by exertion and eating better – can lead to joint wear.
They added that physical activity can also improve bone mass and muscle function, preventing falls – a major cause of vulnerability.
Smoking is known to cause a number of debilitating conditions, including heart disease, that have a & # 39; domino-negative effect & # 39; have on health.
The increased risk of vulnerability for those with the most pain can be explained by the fact that they will move less quickly and lead a more sedentary life.
Dr. Niederstrasser said: "By becoming more active, quitting smoking and losing weight, a person can drastically reduce his chance of becoming brittle.
"For example, a person who does not smoke and is physically active has half the risk of becoming vulnerable compared to a person who is physically inactive and smokes."
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