NASA has selected nearly a dozen companies to help design spacecraft that will take people back to the moon, including a woman for the first time.
According to NASA, the selected partners, including some of the biggest names in the next six months, will be aerospace technology, working on designing various elements of the upcoming Artemis mission scheduled for 2024.
As part of the mission, NASA plans to establish a space station called & # 39; Gateway & # 39; to build that will act as a hub for astronauts exploring the moon.
The station will start building in the coming years and will eventually be launched in orbit.
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NASA has selected nearly a dozen companies to help design spacecraft that will take people back to the moon, including a woman for the first time. Jeff Bezos & # 39; Blue Origin was one of the companies. The company unveiled their model earlier this month (photo)
Companies selected by NASA will focus on three different parts of the Artemis mission, including a & # 39; transfer element & # 39; that astronauts can transfer between Gateway and a low lunar orbit, as well as a solid and ascending element that can take them from the surface of the planet. moon and back.
The collaboration between NASA and the private sector will mark a new frontier, not only for NASA & # 39; s space exploration, but also for the way the agency works.
& # 39; To speed up our return to the moon, we are challenging our traditional way of doing business, & Marshall Smith, director of research on human lunar program & # 39; s at NASA headquarters in a statement.
& # 39; We will streamline everything from procurement to partnerships to hardware development and even operations. & # 39;
& # 39; Our team is excited to get back on the moon quickly and our public-private partnerships to study human landing systems are an important step in that process & # 39 ;, said Smith.
In total, the companies received slightly more than $ 45 million, and each individual company must finance at least 20 percent of the costs – a move that NASA hopes that the future mission costs for taxpayers will remain low.
Below is a complete list of NASA-selected companies competing to be part of the next manned moon mission.
The development of powerful thrusters is part of the activities of Aerojet Rocketdyne. The company helped to do this for a spaceship called Orion
This California-based company will work on studying the development of a transfer vehicle in the coming mission.
The company has developed propulsion missiles that power the Boeing Starliner, a vessel capable of carrying up to seven passengers for missions in low Earth orbits and is also involved in NASA's mission to develop a spacecraft that takes people to can enter the deep space and the back. Orion.
Blue Origin is owned by billionaire Jeff Bezos and recently announced the intention to develop a lunar lander capable of transporting freight
One of the most vibrant companies selected by NASA is the Amazon-bordering Blue Origin, which is funded by billionaire e-tailer Jeff Bezos.
For their part in NASA & # 39; s mission to bring people back to the moon, Blue Origin will study a descent element, a transfer vehicle, and will also design a transfer vehicle prototype.
Blue Origin recently made a splash after announcing its & # 39; Blue Moon & # 39; project that will develop a lander capable of bringing cargo to the moon.
Last month, the SpaceX capsule cartridge, which flew to the international space station in March, was flooded with smoke and flames on a motor test stand. The SpaceX Crew Dragon is pictured above during his approach to the ISS
SpaceX has its hands on a number of projects and boundaries in space and has said it wants to send someone to the moon in its Big Falcon Rocket
Another controversial space company owned by Tesla's CEO, Elon Musk, will participate in the Artemis mission and perform only one element study.
The company has been working to develop the crew version of its Dragon capsule, hoping to launch astronauts on board for the first time this year.
In a major setback, however, the Crew Dragon capsule blew up last month during a & # 39; anomaly & # 39 ;. It is still unclear how this will affect the timeline.
SpaceX is also connected in a series of proprietary space missions that range from traditional rockets to launching Internet satellite in a low orbit around the Earth.
The last of these two projects has recently been postponed to update the satellite software and perform additional checks.
The Starliner has been delayed several times during the last few months while Boeing fights with safety concerns.
According to NASA, the space juggernauts Boeing will also participate in the Artemis mission, where prototypes and studies are being developed for a transfer vehicle, a refueling element and a descent element.
Boeing is watching a test flight of his Starliner with human passengers, which is scheduled to take place in August.
The test was postponed in March after concerns about the safety of the mission.
Dynetics is a company based in Alabam that ventures into space and also possesses powerful military-grade weapons
According to NASA, Alabama-based Dynetics designs no less than five prototypes of descent elements.
The company has succeeded in designing a large number of useful components for space travel, including satellites, propulsion systems, vehicles, satellites and more.
The company also contracts for the US Army and recently won a $ 130 million contract to make a high-energy laser weapon.
NASA & # 39; s gateway satellite will be an integral part of conducting future space missions by giving astronauts a waypoint on their journey
The well-known weapon and defense contractor Lockheed Martin designs prototypes of prototypes with four descents and vehicles for study transfer and refueling.
Lockheed Martin has been involved with NASA & # 39; s Gateway project and has also been contracted to build Orion, which can take people to deep space.
Masts Space Systems
Masten develops different types of moonlanders, including one as part of NASA & # 39; s & # 39; Catalyst & # 39; partnership
This California-based aerospace company will develop a prototype of the descent element and has designed different types of spaceships and engines in the past.
The company is currently building the XL1, a lunar lander, as part of NASA's & # 39; catalyst & # 39; program to help create public-private partnerships.
Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems
The orbital in this view is attached to the cargo delivery vessel Cygnus, designed by Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems.
The versatile space and aerospace company will design and study descent elements and refuel according to NASA.
From commercial satellites to robotic spacecraft, the company is already struggling in various areas of space travel and exploration.
OrbitBeyond wants to tap into the space economy by making cheap and reliable missions to the moon and ultimately beyond a possibility.
This New Jersey company bills itself as a different type of aviation company and focuses not only on reaching the moon, but on achieving repeatable missions.
& # 39; Our extensible spacecraft platform allows us to build moon transport capacity on a scale and costs that cannot be matched & # 39 ;, says the company's website.
& # 39; This dramatic cost reduction will create new markets for discovering and utilizing resources in space, making in-space economy accessible and sustainable in the near future. & # 39;
OrbitBeyond designs two prototypes for fueling prototypes.
Sierra Nevada Corporation
Sierra Nevada Corporation has worked on the architecture of the NASA gateway station.
The Midwest aviation company based in Wisconsin will study and / or design descendants, prototypes of vehicles and refueling elements.
It has already begun to develop the architecture of NASA & # 39; s Gateway station that it says will support both manned and unmanned missions.
PODS is a system that allows the launch of small satellites. The method would be more cost effective, says the owner, SSL.
SSL is a rocket manufacturer from Palo Alto, California and will provide a study and prototype of a refueling element.
And has designed a number of space systems, including the Payload Orbital Delivery System (PODS), which calls itself a cost-effective way to orbit small satellites orbit.
WHEN IS NASA BACK TO THE MOON?
In a statement in March, NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine planned to send people first to the moon and then to Mars and said: NASA is on its way to get people back on the moon by 2028.
The plan is based on the developing Space Launch System and the Orion spacecraft, together with the Gateway orbital platform.
SLS and Orion are expected to be ready for their first non-propelled test flight in 2020.
Construction on Gateway – an outpost in orbit around the moon – is expected to start as early as 2022.
& # 39; We are going to the moon in the next decade with innovative new technologies and systems to explore more locations on the moon surface than ever before & # 39 ;, said Bridenstine.
& # 39; This time we will stay if we go to the moon.
& # 39; We will use what we learn as we go to the moon to make the next giant leap – sending astronauts to Mars. & # 39;
Vice President Mike Pence, however, tore up these plans and statements when he unexpectedly announced a new deadline in March expressing intentions to put people on the moon by 2024 – four years earlier.
The VP called on NASA to re-ignite the spark of urgency for space exploration and make it a priority to & # 39; bold targets & # 39; establish and stay on schedule.
NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine added a week later, early April, that the agency would be very close to & # 39; would be to deliver a plan.
This has been missed for several weeks and the House Science Committee is now expressing its dissatisfaction about the lack of an executable plan or program from the space agency.
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