It is 50 years since guitarist Jimmy Page and his bandmembers launched their self-written debut LP on January 12, 1969.
Together with singer Robert Plant, bassist John Paul Jones and drummer John Bonham, the band became one of the best selling acts in music history.
The heavy guitar sound of the band has led them to be named as one of the forerunners of heavy metal. Their style came from a wide range of influences, including blues, psychedelics and folk music.
Although the group was initially unpopular with critics, they achieved considerable commercial success with eight studio albums that were released for eleven years
The members of Led Zeppelin can be seen during their first performance on 7 September 1968 at the Gladsaxe Teen Club in Copenhagen, Denmark. They performed under the name & # 39; New Yardbirds & # 39; a tour contract for the previous band of Page
Led Zeppelin pictured at the Bath Festival in 1969. From left, John Paul Jones, Robert Plant, John Bonham, Jimmy Page
John Paul Jones, Robert Plant and Jimmy Page pose with copy of a new book about the band – Led Zeppelin By Led Zeppelin
Many critics regard Led Zeppelin as one of the most successful, innovative and influential rock groups in history.
When the group was admitted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995, the biography of the museum stated that it was "influential" (& # 39; were in the 70s as the Beatles in the sixties.
Page wrote most of Led Zeppelin's music, especially at the beginning of their career, while Plant in general took care of the text.
The second half of their career saw a series of record-breaking tours that gave the group a reputation for excess and debauchery.
The musical heritage of the band, the public image and its extensive influence are all inextricably linked to some of the most destructive clichés of classical rock: a pillar of the blues, a penchant for hedonistic excess, the romanticization of a & # 39; years & # 39; & # 39; groupie culture that was prey to naïve, sometimes underage girls, it was all a part of what Zeppelin was. And it makes their legacy continuously and increasingly polarizing & # 39 ;, writes Stereo Williams of the Daily Beast.
John Bonham, Robert Plant, John Paul Jones, Jimmy Page – group photo, posed – arrival at Honolulu Airport, with Led Zeppelin II master tapes
Robert Plant, singer and guitarist Jimmy Page on stage during a concert performance by Led Zeppelin, circa 1975
Led Zeppelin is seen in San Francisco in January 1969 while they started their first North American tour
Led Zeppelin performs on the BBC radio for the first time, for the Top Gear program in March 1969 at the Playhouse Theater in London
Led Zeppelin at the Hiroshima Shrine in Hiroshima, September 1971
(from left to right) Singer Robert Plant, guitarist Jimmy Page, bassist John Paul Jones and drummer John Bonham perform at the Bath Festival in Shepton Mallet, England
Williams notes that the rise of Zeppelin arose because rock music underwent major changes at the end of the 60s, with Little Richard becoming minister. Chuck Berry ended up in jail and Buddy Holly died in a plane crash at the age of 22.
Many have regarded Led Zeppelin as one of the most successful, innovative and influential bands in the history of rock music with the sale of more than 200 million albums worldwide.
At the peak of Led Zeppelin sex, drugs and rock & roll formed the heart of their fanbase and quickly became a mantra.
Numerous stories swirled about the group from the moment they went on tour in the years & # 39; 70 while their fame rose to new heights.
The band became the subject of stories about debauchery. One of them was John Bonham, who was riding a motorbike through a rented floor of a Los Angeles hotel, while another was the destruction of a room in Hilton Tokyo, forcing the group to live out of the property.
Led Zeppelin developed a reputation for off-stage excess trashing their hotel suites and throwing television sets from the windows.
Robert Plant and Jimmy Page from Led Zeppelin at the Chicago Stadium in Chicago, Illinois
The band members pose in a session to make cover art for their North American tour book from 1969
Led Zeppelin are depicted in group a pose typical of the 1970s
The Mayor of Hiroshima presents the members of Led Zeppelin with a Peace Award after a free concert in 1971
Led Zeppelin will perform at Kezer Stadion in San Francisco on June 2, 1973 during their ninth concert tour through the USA.
Page, Plant, Jones and Bonham are disembarked from their touring aircraft somewhere in the US during the concert tour of 1973
British rock band Led Zeppelin, (left – right): John Paul Jones, John Bonham, Jimmy Page and Robert Plant pose for a private plane The Starship, 1973
A notorious story includes a female fan and a mud shark in which a young groupie was allegedly strapped to a bed before she was then pierced by pieces of shark & # 39 ;.
The incident told a book in 2002, Stairway to Heaven: Led Zeppelin Uncensored which said: & # 39; The word about the escapade spread quickly. There were rumors that the girl had been raped … that she had been crying hysterically … that she had been arguing to stop … that she had tried to escape … that a shark had been used to penetrate her. None of the stories was true. & # 39;
Williams writes that there were several other alleged rumors from Satanic worship to wild stories about the endless drinking of drummer John Bonham. He acknowledges that it is sometimes difficult to separate the historical fact and the foolish folklore from Led Zeppelin. & # 39;
Other incidents were not so much legendary as public knowledge. It was documented that Page had an alleged relationship with 14-year-old Lori Mattix, who would often be held in the band's suite and would be kept away by the public in the hope that he would avoid legal costs of rape.
Robert Plant is depicted backstage with a roadie covered with cream tarts
Robert Plant and Jimmy Page from Led Zeppelin perform on stage at Earls Court, London, in May 1975
Led Zeppelin rehearses on January 17, 1975 for a concert at the Met Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota
Jimmy Page performs during one of the five legendary Earls Court performances of Led Zeppelin in London in May 1975
A concept version of the logo for Swan Song, the record label that Led Zeppelin launched in 1974
Lori was known as & # 39; Lori Lightning & # 39; and she and her friend Sable Starr were famous by rock stars as & # 39; baby groupies & # 39; because of their minority.
Sable told The Guardian last year #MeToo led to her reconsideration of how she had looked at her time with Page and in the 1970s.
I think that's what made me look at it from a different perspective because I read a few of them [articles]and I thought, "Shit, maybe," she said as to whether she had been exploited and abused by Page. & # 39; That's an interesting question. I never thought there was anything wrong with it, but maybe that was the case. I always got letters that told me he was a pedophile, but I would never think of him like that. He never misused me. & # 39;
& # 39; I do not think that underage girls should sleep with boys. I would not want this for someone & # 39; s daughter. My perspective changes as I get older and more cynical. & # 39;
Bonham, ranked the greatest drummer of all time by Rolling Stone, died in 1980, the surviving members of the band recently joined to work on the new book.
They immersed themselves in their archives and contributed to rare works of art that contained unseen images and documents from the Atlantic Records' safe for what the publisher called the & # 39; final & # 39; Led Zeppelin book.
From left to right, John Paul Jones, Robert Plant, Jimmy Page live performance on the stage of London & # 39; s Earl & # 39; s Court
Jimmy Page can be seen during Led Zeppelin's last performance of their last American tour at the Oakland Coliseum in 1977
Led Zeppelin pose for works of art used to promote their August 1979 shows at the Knebworth Festival in Hertfordshire, England
Robert Plant (middle), guitarist Jimmy Page (right) and bassist John Paul Jones perform during rehearsals for the Led Zeppelin – Tribute Concert to Ahmet Ertegun at the O2 Arena on December 9, 2007 in London, England
Jimmy Page, John Paul Jones and Robert Plant (Led Zepplin) attending the 35th Kennedy Center Honors at Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. on December 2, 2012