Large medieval house discovered under a public TOILET in Cardiff

Large medieval house with a 570 year old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horseshoes is discovered under a public TOILET in Cardiff

  • The remains were excavated with the help of 35 volunteers and about 200 children
  • Archaeologists discovered that the ground floor of the house remained completely intact
  • The building was once home to an important Cardiff resident, experts think
  • The use of Badsteen in the fireplace indicates that the house has a high status

A large medieval house with a 570 year old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horseshoes has been discovered under an old public toilet in Cardiff.

The discovery was made during an archaeological excavation involving 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children.

Experts believe that the building was once the home of a major Cardiff resident – perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral.

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A large medieval house with a 570 year old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horseshoes has been discovered in an archaeological excavation, pictured, under a public toilet in Cardiff

A large medieval house with a 570 year old fireplace, ceramic floor tiles and old horseshoes has been discovered in an archaeological excavation, pictured, under a public toilet in Cardiff

The discovery under the old toilet building was made during an archaeological excavation involving 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children

The discovery under the old toilet building was made during an archaeological excavation involving 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children

The discovery under the old toilet building was made during an archaeological excavation involving 35 volunteers and more than 200 school children

One of the items that Dr. Young and his colleagues have discovered a counting token – known as a “jetton” – believed to be from Paris in the early 1300s

WHAT IS A JETTON?

One of the items that Dr. Young and his colleagues have discovered a counting token known as a “jetton.”

Made in Europe between the 13th and 17th centuries, scaffolding was used on abacus-like counters and as tokens in games.

The jetton on the Llandaff site is believed to be from Paris and dates from the early 13th century.

“This was a surprise to find a high-status building,” said Cardiff University chief archaeologist Tim Young.

The house – which is approximately 33 feet (10 meters) long – can be considered prestigious because of the use of bath stone in the construction of the fireplace, Dr. ir. Young out.

“The stone was not often used at the time, although it can be found in Llandaff Cathedral,” he added.

The ground floor of the historic house was still found to be completely intact and it was thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal shed.

One of the items that Dr. Young and his colleagues were discovered, was a counting token – known as a “jetton” – believed to have come from Paris in the early 1300s.

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff.

However, currently the theories of the researchers are a caretaker for the nearby Manor of Llandaff, or an officer in the neighboring cathedral.

Experts believe the building had once been the home of a major Cardiff resident - perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral

Experts believe the building had once been the home of a major Cardiff resident - perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral

Experts believe the building had once been the home of a major Cardiff resident – perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral

The house - which is approximately 33 feet (10 m) long - can be considered prestigious because of the use of bath stone in the construction of the fireplace, explained Dr. Young out

The house - which is approximately 33 feet (10 m) long - can be considered prestigious because of the use of bath stone in the construction of the fireplace, explained Dr. Young out

The house – which is approximately 33 feet (10 m) long – can be considered prestigious because of the use of bath stone in the construction of the fireplace, explained Dr. Young out

The ground floor of the historic house turned out to be completely intact and it is thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal shed

The ground floor of the historic house turned out to be completely intact and it is thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal shed

The ground floor of the historic house turned out to be completely intact and it is thought that the first floor was destroyed in the 17th century to make way for an animal shed

“It is not known who lived in the house, although it could be a person of status, because it was next to the old bishop’s castle and bishops at that time had manor rights,” said Dr. Young.

“The site is known as the pound because it was the animal pound for Llandaff and we have evidence that dates back to around 1607.

“It was always assumed that the area before that was the pound, so the discovery of a medieval home on the site was quite unexpected.”

After the remains of the medieval building have been documented by experts, the site is being re-covered to make way for a community and heritage center.

Experts believe the building had once been the home of a major Cardiff resident - perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral

Experts believe the building had once been the home of a major Cardiff resident - perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral

Experts believe the building had once been the home of a major Cardiff resident – perhaps for an officer in the neighboring Llandaff Cathedral

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff. Currently, however, the theories of the researchers depicted an official in the neighboring cathedral

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff. Currently, however, the theories of the researchers depicted an official in the neighboring cathedral

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff. Currently, however, the theories of the researchers depicted an official in the neighboring cathedral

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff. However, currently the theories of the researchers include an official in the neighboring cathedral, pictured left on this map dating from 1610

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff. However, currently the theories of the researchers include an official in the neighboring cathedral, pictured left on this map dating from 1610

In an attempt to determine who exactly lived in the house, finds from the excavation will be analyzed by Dr. Young and other archaeological experts at the University of Cardiff. However, currently the theories of the researchers include an official in the neighboring cathedral, pictured left on this map dating from 1610

“It is not known who lived in the house, although it could be a person of status, because it was next to the old bishop’s castle and bishops at that time had manor rights,” said Dr. Young. Depicted the gatehouse of the Episcopal Palace in Llandaff

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