Jacob Rees-Mogg told MPs lagging behind that they have two ways to stop a No Deal Brexit, as he presented an extraordinary challenge after Boris Johnson's decision to suspend parliament.
The Commons Leader said that Mr. Johnson's political opponents could either try to pass a law to prevent the UK from leaving the EU without an agreement on October 31 or they could try to overthrow the government.
He seemed to be taunting European members of parliament because he suggested that they were not the & # 39; courage or the gumption & # 39; had to act.
His comments are likely to fuel the fire of what was already a volatile atmosphere in Westminster after MPs responded with great anger to Mr. Johnson's plan to close Parliament for five weeks.
The prime minister surprised the nation yesterday when at a certain point in the week from September 9 to October 14, he received permission from the queen to preach parliament.
The move drastically reduces the amount of time MPs will have to try to stop a No Deal split when they return from their summer vacation next week.
They are expected to focus their efforts on trying to seize control of the Commons and pass a law that would force the prime minister to ask Brussels to postpone Brexit if no agreement was reached by the Halloween deadline.
However, it is assumed that the government is considering all kinds of devices and creases to slow down the rebels and ensure that they have no time.
Downing Street seems to be increasingly confident that MPs are running out of time or do not unite in sufficient numbers to succeed.
The continuing consequences of Mr. Johnson's big gamble continued today as Ruth Davidson, the leader of the Scottish Tories, resigned from her post, at least in part because of her opposition to the Prime Minister's Brexit attitude.
Meanwhile, this morning the prime minister made his first resignation over the prorogation plan when Lord Young, a whip from the government, stopped and said he & # 39; was very unhappy with the timing and duration of the prorogation & # 39 ;.
Johnson has promised to get Britain out of the block on October 31 & # 39; do or die & # 39; and with or without a deal. His preference remains with an agreement.
Rees-Mogg, pictured this morning in Westminster, said MPs & # 39; courage and gumption & # 39; to show if they want to stop Boris Johnson's Brexit plan
Ruth Davidson, the Scottish leader of Tory, resigned this morning – at least in part because of the Prime Minister's Brexit attitude
What is happening now with the Brexit process in Parliament?
These are the most important dates in the countdown to October 31, when the UK has to leave the European Union with or without a deal.
September 3: MPs return to the Lower House for the first session after the summer break.
September 4: Chancellor Sajid Javid for Commons statement on government spending in 2020/21.
September 9: Parliament probably starts prorogation process.
10 September: Parliament is likely to be sold until 14 October.
September 14: Liberal Democratic party conference starts in Bournemouth. Jo Swinson will probably give a speech on September 17.
September 21: Labor party conference starts in Brighton. Jeremy Corbyn will probably give a speech on September 25.
September 29: Conservative party conference starts in Manchester. Boris Johnson will probably give a speech on October 2.
October 14: State Opening of Parliament, including Queen & # 39; s Speech.
17/18 October: EU summit in Brussels.
October 21/22: Parliament is likely to hold a series of votes on Queen's speech.
October 31: UK due to departure from the EU.
The prime minister was yesterday accused by angry MPs of being a & # 39; tinpot dictator & # 39; Mr. Rees-Mogg said Mr. Johnson had done nothing wrong when the Commons Leader explained his challenge to them.
He told the BBC: & All these people who moan and grind their teeth know that there are two ways to do what they want to do.
& # 39; One is to change the government and the other is to change the law. If they do that, it will have an effect.
& # 39; If they don't have the courage or guts to do either, we'll leave on October 31 in accordance with the referendum result. & # 39;
The Commons Speaker John Bercow and Labor leader Jeremy Corbyn both said that Mr. Johnson's decision was a constitutional outrage.
But Mr Rees-Mogg said that the British constitution & # 39; a robust and flexible & # 39; is that & # 39; can bow to the passing storm as it has done in the past centuries & # 39 ;.
The Commons Leader, who wrote today in The Telegraph, put the blame for the current situation directly at the door of lagging MPs.
He said: & # 39; There is no constitutional crisis except those caused by those who voted for the referendum, then supported the use of Article 50 and supported the withdrawal law.
& # 39; Each of these had comfortable parliamentary majorities, often supported by those who now claim that following a referendum is undemocratic. This is untrue and unconstitutional. & # 39;
Mr. Rees-Mogg played an instrumental role in Mr. Johnson's plan to preach parliament when he flew to Balmoral Castle in Scotland yesterday to personally present the Prime Minister's proposal to the Queen.
He was then one of three members of the Privy Council – a committee advising the Queen on political matters – who was present yesterday afternoon when the prince approved the order to suspend parliament.
The shortened parliamentary timetable has focused attention on the so-called & # 39; Remain Alliance & # 39; with MPs gathering behind closed doors to try and find out how the best No Deal can be stopped.
It is thought that next Tuesday, their first day back, they will look for an urgent 24-order debate with which they can vote and then take over the Commons.
A diagram showing what could happen after Boris Johnson announced that Parliament would be announced from mid-September to a Queen's speech in mid-October
Johnson explained his decision to preach parliament in a letter that was sent to every member of parliament yesterday morning
The six ways MP members are left behind can stop a No Deal Brexit
Boris Johnson's decision to suspend parliament has concentrated the mind in the so-called & # 39; Remain Alliance & # 39; with MPs now concentrating on how to stop a No Deal divorce on October 31.
There are six options to choose from:
1. Emergency debate followed by legislation: the most popular option. This would cause MEPs to demand a Permanent Order 24 debate next Tuesday, which could lead to them taking over control of the Commons. They can then break the law to force the prime minister to look for a Brexit delay if no deal is made by Halloween.
2. Vote for no trust and an election: probably second on the lists of MPs and incredibly risky. If Jeremy calls Corbyn and wins a vote, there would be a 14-day period in which a new government can be formed. Reportedly, the Prime Minister would resign in such circumstances and choose to go to the country early instead. The difficulty for Remainers is that it would be the prime minister who would set the date for the survey, meaning he could set it after October 31, paving the way for a No Deal split.
3. Vote for confidence and caretaker prime minister: Jeremy Corbyn's preferred position would have MPs expel the prime minister and then install the Labor leader as the head of a temporary government charged with ensuring a Brexit delay from Brussels. Many MPs are skeptical. Corbyn can convince a majority in the Commons to support him.
4. A legal challenge: bids calling on the courts to block the prorogation because they are unconstitutional are already under consideration. Experts believe that the chances of judges blocking the suspension are small.
5. A modest address: a mysterious parliamentary apparatus that MPs would actually vote on to ask the queen to do something. In this case, the monarch is asked to overthrow the order in favor of prorogation. The process is complicated and extremely old. Further dragging the queen to the Brexit row would also be seen as undesirable.
6. Resurrection of Theresa May: if the UK is on track for a No Deal Brexit on October 31, some believe that MPs can reach and vote on Mrs. May's old deal. Given that it has already been defeated three times and has cost the former Prime Minister her work, this course of action would be an extraordinary turn.
They are then expected to try to break an anti-No Deal law for Mr. Johnson the following week.
Downing Street is expected to do everything in its power to delay the passage of any draft laws in the hope that the MPs will not have enough time.
Plans allegedly considered by Number 10 include asking Eurosceptic colleagues to filibuster all rebel laws that have been submitted to them and even tell the Queen not to give the law Royal Assent if it is the Commons and the House or the Lords.
MPs consider tactics to hit back. One plan would mean that Parliament should sit next weekend to create more time for the adoption of a law.
Jo Swinson, the Lib Dem leader, said MPs are considering to use & # 39; mysterious or unusual & # 39; use parliamentary procedures to prevent them from being set aside by the prime minister.
She said to the BBC's Newsnight program: & I think there are many potential routes that we are exploring.
"We have a government that is willing to take unprecedented routes, so we are also looking at options that may be mysterious or unusual, but could be important."
& # 39; I know that there are conservatives who feel deeply uncomfortable, who examine their own conscience and who have been struggling for weeks now with the direction in which the party is going inside. There is still time to trade. & # 39;
The decision to pro-parliament led to a number of legal bids, including one from anti-Brexit activist Gina Miller, designed to stop Mr. Johnson and keep the Palace of Westminster open.
But experts have serious doubts as to whether Mr Johnson has done something unconstitutional.
Jonathan Sumption, a former Supreme Court, said to the BBC: & # 39; It is politically shocking in a parliamentary democracy. Whether it is illegal or unconstitutional is another question. & # 39;
He suggested that Remainer attempts to take on a legal challenge would not work: & I think it is a very, very long shot.
& # 39; This is such an unusual situation that no one can stand here and say what the answer will be for sure. But there are huge problems in the way of such an application. & # 39;
He said it was & # 39; unlikely & # 39; was that the courts would decide against suspension & # 39;for the simple reason that what is wrong with this decision is not that it is beyond the power of the government, but that it was done for a wrong political motive, I think & # 39 ;.
Gina Miller, the anti-Brexit activist depicted today in Westminster, has launched a legal bid to overturn the decision to prorag parliament
Protesters waved EU flags and shouted & # 39; stop the coup & # 39; and brought traffic to a halt in central London last night
Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell addressed anti-prorogation protesters gathered at Parliament Square last night
BORIS SUSPENDS PARLIAMENT: HERE IS HOW AND WHY HE DID IT
What does Boris Johnson do?
The queen agreed yesterday to a request from the prime minister to the prorogue parliament that it will effectively suspend it for more than a month. On Tuesday, MPs will return from their summer vacation as planned, but at some point in the following week, the parliament will stand up and sit again until October 14. During this period, MPs and colleagues cannot formally debate policies or legislate.
Why is he doing it?
The prime minister said yesterday that it was "not at all true" to suggest that Brexit was the reason, and insisted that he need a speech from a queen to prepare a "very exciting agenda" of domestic policy. However, MPs who oppose No Deal have threatened to block it by passing legislation that binds the hands of Mr. Johnson or overthrows his government. Parliament's suspension will seriously curtail the amount of time they need to push through new laws before 31 October.
Were there not any members of parliament?
Yes, the Commons were expected to sit in the first two weeks of September and then pause for three weeks for party conferences, returning in the week of October 7. But the suspension announced yesterday is considerably longer – and opposition members had suggested that they would vote against the conference break anyway to give more time to consider Brexit. They have no power to undo prorogation data.
Is anger about the relocation justified?
Critics, including John Bercow, call the move a "constitutional indignation." But a speech by a queen kicking off a new parliamentary term is much too late, since the current session, which began in June 2017, is the longest in history. No10 claims that, in any event, Parliament should have paused for a large part of the prorogation period for its conference recess, so that MPs lose only a few extra days.
What happens now?
Rebel members plan to hold an emergency debate next week and hope to adopt legislation that will block No Deal, but there are questions about whether they have the numbers. Mr. Johnson has indicated that he would refuse to comply if asked to request a delay for Brexit. The rebels could decide that the only way to stop No Deal is to replace the prime minister with a vote of no confidence – but that would probably mean a general election and a possible victory for Boris.
What are the risks for the PM?
Opponents of No Deal have so far not agreed what to do. But the Prime Minister's shock movement threatens to persuade them to finally get their act together. It can also force Tory opponents of No Deal – who have insisted so far not to overthrow the government – to change their minds.
Is No Deal now inevitable?
No. In a letter to parliamentarians, the prime minister said yesterday that he hoped to negotiate a new deal at a meeting of the European Council on 17 and 18 October. Allies believe that if he can get to this point, EU leaders will stare at No Deal and finally agree to remove the Irish backstop. They hope that the deal is then accepted by the Commons, because then it is the only available option to avert No Deal.
Should attempts to approve an anti-No Deal law fail, MPs are likely to move towards pursuing the nuclear option of a vote without confidence in the government.
A number of Tory rebels, including Philip Hammond and Dominic Grieve, hinted that they would vote the government if there was no other way to prevent a bad interruption of Brussels.
Many others have outlined their dissatisfaction on the path of number 10.
Antoinette Sandbach, another Tory Member of Parliament, said: I think it is very worrying and very, very worrying that we have such a long prorogation, that is what concerns me.
& # 39; My voters want answers to their questions and, no matter how long they last, it stops.
& # 39; Nothing prevents Boris Johnson from advancing national legislation in the normal way and it would have been possible to only talk for a short period, maybe three days. & # 39;
Sources have suggested that Mr. Johnson would refuse to resign after a successful vote of no confidence and that Parliament would dissolve and hold general elections instead.
Mr. Johnson's pre-retirement period will be the longest suspension for more than 40 years.
The prime minister has repeatedly promised to do or die Brexit by October 31 & # 39; and to deliver with or without a deal, despite strong opposition to No Deal from many MPs.
Yesterday morning he claimed his call to suspend Parliament prior to an upcoming Queen's speech on October 14, it was about domestic policy insisting that he suspend Parliament to prevent MPs from thwarting No Deal & # 39; not at all true & # 39; used to be.
He told Sky News: & # 39; As I said on the stairs of Downing Street, we will not wait until October 31 before we continue with our plans to help this country move forward and this is a new government with a very exciting agenda To make our streets safer … we have to invest in our fantastic NHS.
& # 39; We need to increase education funding across the country, we need to invest in the infrastructure that will help this country for decades and we have to deal with the cost of living on the way to a high-wage and high-productivity economy that's what I think this country should be.
& # 39; We need new legislation for that. We have to submit new and important legislative proposals and that is why we are going to hold a Queen's speech and that we will do on October 14. We must now continue with a new legislative program. & # 39;
Johnson said that MPs still have enough opportunities to have their say on the UK's departure from the bloc.
"There will be plenty of time on both sides of that crucial October 17 summit, enough time in Parliament for MEPs to debate the EU, to debate Brexit and all other issues," he said.
The date of 17 October refers to a planned meeting of the European Council in Brussels – the last one before the Brexit deadline.
That meeting will be a making or breaking moment for Great Britain and the bloc, as this is probably the last chance to agree a new deal.
Johnson is trying to persuade the EU to remove the Irish border stop from the existing agreement to make it more pleasant for MPs.
The prime minister outlined his decision to suspend Parliament in a letter that was sent to MPs yesterday morning.
In the letter he said: & # 39; This morning I spoke with Her Majesty The Queen to request a termination of the current parliamentary term in the second session in September, before the second session of this Parliament. begin with a speech from the Queen on Monday, October 14.
"A key feature of the legislative program will be the government's main legislative priority, if a new deal is to be reached in the Council of the EU, to introduce a proposal for a withdrawal agreement and act swiftly to ensure that it will proceed before 31 October. to secure."
Johnson said that the weeks prior to the European Council were vital because of my negotiations with the EU. as a sign that he does not want MPs to do anything to derail his hope of concluding an agreement.
He believes that the option of a No Deal split is an important lever for negotiation.
& # 39; Member States are watching with great interest what Parliament is doing and only by showing unity and determination do we have a chance to win a new deal that can be adopted by Parliament, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; In the meantime, the government will take a responsible approach by continuing its preparations for leaving the EU, with or without a deal. & # 39;
Johnson also emphasized in his letter that MPs are given the opportunity to vote on the Brexit government's approach after the EU Council meeting.
& # 39; Should I succeed in reaching an agreement with the EU, Parliament will have the opportunity to submit the legislative proposal necessary for the ratification of the agreement before 31 October & # 39 ;, he said.
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