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The Celts were a European cultural group that was first visible in the 7th or 8th century BC. But who exactly they were and where they came from is still a source of some debate

The Celts were a European cultural group that first became visible in the 7th or 8th century BC.

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But exactly who they were and where they came from is still a source of discussion.

The term & # 39; Celtic & # 39; is a relatively modern, used in the 19th century as a collective name for people with the same language, culture and ethnic identity.

One theory suggests that the people we now call "Celts" came from Austria or Central Europe, but that is just one theory.

DNA studies on Celtic populations in Great Britain suggest that they are not a unique genetic group.

Those of Celtic descent in Scotland and Cornwall look more like the English than other Celtic groups elsewhere in the world.

The Romans called the Celts the Galli and the Greeks called them Keltoi, both of whom mean barbarians.

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Their maximum expansion was in the third to fifth centuries BC, when they occupied much of Europe north of the Alps.

The Celts were a European cultural group that first became visible in the 7th or 8th century BC. But exactly who they were and where they came from is still a source of discussion

The Celts were a European cultural group that first became visible in the 7th or 8th century BC. But exactly who they were and where they came from is still a source of discussion

The Celts arrived in Great Britain in the fourth or fifth century BC. They had reached Ireland in the second or third century BC and possibly even earlier, by relocating earlier people who were already on both islands.

The Gaels, Gauls, British, Irish and Gallations were all Celtic people.

Celtic culture survived longer in these areas than in continental Europe. In many ways it still survives today.

On the continent, the expanding Romans defeated various Celtic groups and underwent their culture.

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Julius Ceaser conducted a successful campaign against the Gauls in 52 to 58 BC. And as part of that campaign, Britain invaded in 54 BC, but failed to conquer the island.

Ninety-seven years later, in 43 AD, the Romans invaded Britain again and pushed the British to the west – to Wales and Cornwall – and to the north to Scotland.

Hadrian's wall was built in 120 AD to protect the Romans from the northern Celtic tribes.

The Romans never occupied Ireland, nor the Anglo-Saxons who invaded Britain after the Romans withdrew in the fifth century.

Celtic culture survived more strongly in Ireland than elsewhere – partly because of the forts.

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Christianity came to Ireland in the fourth century, with St. Patrick arriving later in 432 AD and facilitating its spread.

Many of the Celtic cultural elements integrated into Christianity.

The most & # 39; religious & # 39; aspect of Celtic culture, the druid practice, declined and many say that the druids were systematically suppressed and killed.

However, many cultural elements remained, including old oral stories recorded by Irish monks in both Irish and Latin – without much editorial interference.

Viking invasions in the seventh to ninth centuries AD interrupted Irish culture and destroyed many cultural elements, including many manuscripts lost in looted monasteries.

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The Vikings founded various Irish cities such as Belfast and Dublin. However, they have never really taken over the island.

Ireland was only really occupied by another nation until 1160, when the Normans invaded from England.

The British occupation of Ireland lasted until 1922 – five northern provinces – known as Northern Ireland – are still part of Britain.

Even under English occupation, many elements of Celtic culture survived, so in many ways, Celtic culture has been uninterrupted in Ireland for 2400 years or more.

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