The number of antibiotic-resistant infections rose by nine percent in one year in England, official figures have revealed.
There were 61,000 cases – the equivalent of 165 per day – across the country in 2018, compared to 56,000 in 2017.
Serious drug-resistant blood flow infections, which can be caused by UTI & # 39; s or skin infections, have increased by one third in five years.
And nearly 3,000 people were killed by superbugs in 2018, against 2,450 in 2017, according to Public Health England (PHE) estimates.
The figures emphasize the growing threat of superbugs, which are considered dangerous to humanity as climate change and terrorism.
An increase in superbugs has seen antibiotic-resistant infections rise by nine percent in a year, official figures have revealed. Severe bloodstream infections – usually caused by E. coli (image shown) have increased by a third in five years
Antimicrobial resistance kills around 700,000 a year. It is mainly fueled by the excessive use of antibiotics in healthcare and agriculture.
Bacteria can become resistant – known as a super bacterium – when people take the wrong doses of antibiotics, or they are distributed unnecessarily.
However, statistics showed that antibiotics are being distributed less than before, with a 17 percent drop in prescribed rates in the last five years.
Health leaders have now reminded people to take antibiotics only when needed, amid the worrying trend that is jeopardizing drugs.
Antibiotics should not be used to treat cough, earache and sore throat that can improve on their own.
Dr. Susan Hopkins, AMR leader at PHE said: “It is worrying that more infections become resistant to these life-saving drugs and we must now act to preserve antibiotics when we really need them.
WHEN SHOULD YOU USE ANTIBIOTICS?
Antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial infections that are unlikely to clear up by themselves, infect others or involve serious risks.
They are most needed when someone develops sepsis, pneumonia, urinary tract infections (UTI), sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea or meningococcal meningitis.
Antibiotics are often used to treat diseases such as cough, earache and sore throat that can naturally improve.
Taking antibiotics stimulates harmful bacteria that become resistant in your life. That means that antibiotics may not work if you really need them.
Research in 2017 shows that 38 percent of people still expect an antibiotic from a doctor when they visit with a cough, flu or a throat, ear, sinus, or breast infection, according to PHE.
& # 39; Taking antibiotics when you don't need them is not a harmless act – it can have serious consequences for you and your family's health, now and in the future. & # 39;
Chief Medical Officer Professor Chris Whitty said: & # 39; Antibiotics are one of the most powerful drugs we have against infections.
& # 39; Resistance to these drugs therefore jeopardizes much of modern medicine. An important part of our response to this problem is to ensure that people use antibiotics properly.
& # 39; The decrease in antibiotic use is good news, but the increase in resistant infections shows that the threat is increasing and that more must be done. & # 39;
The latest English Surveillance Program for Antimicrobial Utilization and Resistance (ESPAUR) report from PHE was published today.
Blood flow infections (BSI & # 39; s) were included in the report, which increased by 22 percent between 2014 and 2018.
E. coli was the most common cause and babies & # 39; s younger than one and older than 65 years are most at risk.
The rapid increase in the use of some antibiotics in the last three years is the cause of the increase in the number of E. coli BSI detected.
Resistnat's BSIs are among the most potentially serious. Cases rose 32 percent in five years.
There are also differences across the country – the Northeast is more troubled by AMR than London, while the Southeast has more BSIs.
PHE praised the 17 percent decrease in the number of antibiotics issued in general practice since 2014. Consumption has fallen by nine percent.
And it said there is no evidence that more people are being admitted to hospital with serious infections as a direct result of fewer prescriptions from GPs.
The public is encouraged to follow the advice of their doctor, pharmacist or nurse as part of the Keep Antibiotics Working campaign.
Dr. Hopkins said: “We have seen positive steps to reduce the use of antibiotics without affecting people's recovery if they do not feel well. GPs should be congratulated on their ongoing efforts to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics. & # 39;
Professor Helen Stokes-Lampard, president of the Royal College of GPs, said: “GPs are already doing their best to prescribe antibiotics, but this cannot be our responsibility.
& # 39; We need the public to understand that antibiotics are neither a cure nor an appropriate treatment for many minor self-limiting disorders and viral infections, and when a doctor advises against antibiotics, they do their best for the well-being of the patient, and that of wider society. & # 39;
Professor Whitty said: “Antibiotic resistance is not just a matter for clinicians – the public also plays a crucial role in maintaining these vital drugs.
WHAT IS ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE?
Antibiotics have been dispensed unnecessarily by general practitioners and hospital staff for decades, so that once harmless bacteria are supplied with super poison.
The World Health Organization has warned earlier if nothing is done, the world was moving towards a & # 39; post-antibiotic & # 39; era.
It claimed that common infections, such as chlamydia, will become murderers without immediate answers to the growing crisis.
Bacteria can become resistant to medicines when people take the wrong doses of antibiotics, or they are distributed unnecessarily.
Chief medical officer Dame Sally Davies claimed in 2016 that the threat of antibiotic resistance is just as serious as terrorism.
Figures estimate that superugs will kill ten million people every year by 2050, with patients succumbing to once harmless insects.
About 700,000 people die every year as a result of drug-resistant infections, including tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malaria around the world.
There have been repeated concerns that drugs will be returned to the & # 39; dark ages & # 39; if antibiotics will no longer be effective in the coming years.
In addition to the fact that existing drugs are becoming less effective, only one or two new antibiotics have been developed in the last 30 years.
In September, the World Health Organization warned that antibiotics were running out & # 39; because in a report a & # 39; serious defect & # 39; new drugs in the development pipeline.
Without antibiotics, caesarean sections, cancer treatments and hip replacements, it would also be incredibly risky & # 39; was said at the time.
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