Female rulers are MORE likely than men to wage war, reveals study of leaders spanning centuries
- Queens are 39 percentage points more likely to declare war than kings
- American researchers went to test whether there was more peace among women
- When it turned out that the state was ruled by a woman, they were more likely to go to war
It has long been believed that women are less combative than men – more likely to complain in court than to go to war.
But a study reveals that over the centuries queens have been 39 percentage points more likely than kings to wage war.
Researchers wanted to test whether there was more peace under female or male rule.
Between 1480 and 1913, American experts mainly analyzed European kings and queens – with 193 governments in 18 countries.
The study included Elizabeth I of Great Britain, who famously defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588, Catherine the Great, who made Russia a formidable power in the 18th century, and Isabella I of Castile who helped Spain to the world in the 15th and 16th century.
Researchers discovered that when a state was ruled by a queen, it was more likely to participate in a conflict than when it was led by a king.
A study has shown that queens (portrait of Queen Elizabeth I depicted) are 39 percentage points more likely than kings to wage war through the ages
They were also more likely to gain territory – and be attacked. Experts believe this may be because foreign powers are female rulers as a & # 39; soft touch & # 39; and their countries were more vulnerable.
The study was compiled by academics at Chicago University and College of William & Mary in Virginia. They wrote: & # 39; We see that queen reigns more engaged in interstate wars against king. Queens were also more likely to gain territory over the course of their reign & # 39 ;.
The authors say their findings contradict & # 39; a common perspective that women are less violent than men and that women-led states will be more peaceful than states-led men & # 39 ;.
A possible reason for the greater aggression of queens than kings is to indicate that they are not weak.
However, the authors suggested that this is unlikely because queens were more warlike during their reign, not just in the beginning, when there would be a greater need to show that they are ready for battle.
The study comes after Canadian author Steven Pinker claimed that men & # 39; almost all wars and genocides in the world & # 39; had planned.
The American writer Francis Fukuyama insisted that an increase in female rulers led to an increase in world peace.
Researchers discovered that when a state was ruled by a queen (Queen Catherine II, the great empress of Russia depicted), he was more likely to participate in a conflict than when it was led by a king
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