How to Maintain Good Hand Hygiene

Good hand hygiene is said to be critical to flattening the curve for disease transmission. In the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, calls have been made for collective and meticulous efforts to boost hand-washing and other public hygiene practices. Individuals are being encouraged to wash their hands regularly with soap and clean, running water. However, in the absence of these two, alcohol-based best hand sanitizer will suffice. This article looks at the important steps that are involved in the proper washing of hands.

Steps to Wash Your Hands Correctly

You should perform these steps within twenty minutes. Of course, you don’t have to set a timer to wash your hands. You can enjoy the simple activity by singing ‘Happy Birthday’ twice. By the time you are done with the song, the 20 minutes will be up. You can use the best hand sanitizer if you don’t have access to running water. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), below are the seven steps to washing your hands properly.

  • Wet both hands with clean, running water.
  • Apply plain bar soap to cover your wrists and hands thoroughly
  • Rub and lather your hands together in brisk motion. Ensure that you scrub every surface of your hands, wrists, fingernails, and fingertips thoroughly.
  • Scrub both hands and wrists thoroughly for a minimum of twenty minutes
  • Rinse the hands and wrists under the clean, running water, until the lather is completely removed.
  • Air-dry your hand or use a clean paper towel to dry your wrists and hands.
  • Turn off the water faucet with a paper towel. That is it! Your hands are clean and germ-free.

When washing your hands, you should make sure you clean all surfaces, including every area of your hands, wrists, fingers, and fingernails thoroughly. As stated, you don’t need an expensive antibacterial soap to wash your hands and make it clean and germ-free. Plain soap is perfect for the job. According to research, antibacterial soaps are not more effective than regular plain soaps when it comes to killing germs.

When Should You Wash Your Hands?

Hand washing is very crucial when you are in a situation where you are likely to transmit or acquire germs. You should particularly wash your hands after you do the following:

  • Sneeze or sneeze
  • Touch dirty surfaces
  • Touch elevator buttons, pedestrian crossing buttons, ATM, or a gas pump handle
  • Handle receipts or money
  • Shake hands or use the bathroom
  • Touch waste, animals, animal feeds, fertilizer, or pet foods

You should also wash your hands before, during, and after preparing a meal and before and after eating or drinking. When you have been exposed to someone that is ill or enters a doctor’s office, hospital, nursing home, or any other healthcare facility, you should wash your hands. Whenever you have contact with surfaces or any other object or human, you should make it a habit of washing your hands.

What if you don’t Have Access to Soap and Water?

If soap and water are not available, you should use the best hand sanitizer to keep your hands clean. When choosing a hand sanitizer, you should always check the ingredients of the product. Let’s look at important things you should check before buying a hand sanitizer:

  • Presence of Methanol: Methanol is toxic alcohol with possible side effects when a significant quantity touches the skin. Some adverse effects of methanol are headache, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers that contain at least 60-85% ethanol, 60-80% isopropanol, or 60-80% n-propanol.


Hand hygiene does not have to be expensive or complicated. It is a simple, affordable, and evidence-based method of protecting your health and that of others, especially during this coronavirus pandemic. Remember; if you do not have access to soap and clean, running water, you can use the best hand sanitizer to keep your hands clean.