As we age, our skin changes to a number of stages due to the natural aging process, hormonal changes, the impact of our lifestyle and the environment.
But now leading consultant dermatologist and cosmetic doctor Ophelia Veraitch, based in the renowned Cranley Clinic on Harley Street, has revealed the steps you can take in every decade to keep your skin at its best.
Dr. Ophelia recommends that people with young skin should concentrate on their nutrition and maintenance, while more mature skin should invest in more intensive sunburn and laser treatments.
Here, a look at the skin care rules that every woman needs to know.
IF YOU ARE WITHIN YOU 20
Dr. Ophelia Veraitch gave her tips on how to take care of your skin in every decade, starting with Retinol, SPF 30 and eating a protein-rich diet in your 20s.
Skin rules for your 20s
retinol: Start by including retinol in your skin care regimen to stimulate collagen and prevent the signs of premature aging. It not only reduces fine lines, but it can also help to reduce pores and make skin look smoother. “
SPF 30: Use SPF 30 every day, even during the winter. This protects the skin against UVB rays that contribute to the premature aging of the skin.
High protein diet: Try and eat a diet rich in protein, fruits and vegetables and Omega-3 fatty acids to keep your skin in optimum health.
You may not have any visible signs of aging in your 20s, but that doesn’t mean you’re too young to take care of your skin.
There are products and lifestyle choices that you can make to boost your skin before you hit 30.
Dr. Veraitch explained: “During your twenties, lifestyle factors such as excessive alcohol consumption, smoking and sun exposure later in life can have a huge effect on our skin,” Dr. Veraitch out.
‘Diet plays a major role in skin health at this age and missing essential nutrients can affect our skin and hair.
“Regular exercise is also important and some skin conditions are more common in overweight people.”
IF YOU ARE IN YOUR 30S
Skin rules for your 30s
Vitamin C serum: ‘Upgrade to a medical skin care regimen with a vitamin C serum in the morning. This very powerful antioxidant prevents free radical damage that can lead to signs of premature aging. “
SPF 50: In the thirties it is best to increase your daily dose of SPF from 30 to 50 with UVA and UVB protection on protect yourself against the harmful aging effects of ultraviolet radiation.
retinol: Invest in a retinol to use at night due to its anti-aging properties and to tackle pigmentation.
Dr. Ophelia notes that cells begin to show signs of change in the 1930s.
“A decrease in collagen leads to a loss of volume in the face and we are also beginning to see the formation of fine lines around the mouth, eyes and forehead,” she explained.
This decade is also the most popular decade for British women to have a baby, with major consequences for their skin.
‘People often talk about a pregnancy glow. This is largely due to the increase in blood flow to the skin ‘.
‘The downside, however, is’ pregnancy spots’ or melasma caused by an increased production of estrogen and progesterone. Pre-existing skin conditions such as acne, eczema and psoriasis can also get worse during pregnancy, “she says.
IF YOU ARE IN YOUR 40S
Skin rules for your 40s
Keep SPF, retinol and vitamin C: Continue to use an antioxidant such as vitamin C in the morning, an SPF 50 day cream and a retinol at night.
Chemical peels: Chemical peels and medical grade facials such as Hydrafacial are great for restoring skin hydration and clarity.
fillers: Fillers can also tackle volume loss. Newer injectable treatments such as Profhilo is an injectable product based on hyaluronic acid for treating skin laxity, stimulating and hydrating the skin and remodeling the aging and sagging tissue.
Laser treatments: Can help equalize color changes in the skin and treat skin laxity.
“The forties are the decade in which things start to slow down,” explained Dr. Veraitch out. ‘Especially your lymphatic system that is responsible for removing the toxins from your skin. This can lead to bags, often in the eyes and cheeks.
“The fall in sebum production also means that your skin is less protected and more vulnerable to damage caused by environmental factors such as sunlight and pollution.”
The expert explains that changes in this decade result in a decrease in estrogen, which causes the skin to lose its tightness, causing wrinkles to appear.
The forties are also the time when smoking, drinking or sun exposure can catch up with your skin, resulting in broken red blood vessels on the face that create a blushing appearance.
“Likewise, smoking can not only create more pronounced lines around the mouth, but also make the skin dull,” she added.
IF YOU ARE IN THE 50’S
In the 1950s, sun damage becomes more visible and dark spots can appear on the skin. Consider using the moisturizer on your body and sign up for laser treatments
“Deviations from skin pigmentation are common in this decade, as are age spots that can occur on hands and arms and in the face,” Dr. said. Veraitch.
Skin rules for your 50s
Hydrate your body: The use of a normal moisturizer such as Cetraben ointment on the body is a fantastic way to combat the skin barrier and dryness.
Vitamin A retinol: Products based on vitamin A retinol are great for rejuvenating the skin and, if used regularly, can even help to increase the production of new skin cells and collagen.
Chemical peels: Dr. Veraitch explains that chemical peels can smooth the complexion and help with enlarged pores, redness and pigmentation.
Lasers treatment: Laser therapies can address redness, skin laxity and pigmentation. It can also be a good option for removing facial hair, especially since waxing at this age can be harmful to sensitive skin.
Botox and fillers: When it comes to cosmetic procedures, she says that injectables such as Botoxilium toxin and fillers can help years of your appearance.
In this decade, sun damage becomes more visible and dark spots can appear on the skin.
‘Thin red lines or varicose veins may also appear, often as a result of sun damage. As you get older, the fat stores tend to deplete under your skin, as do collagen and elastin.
“This combination not only makes your sun more susceptible to sun damage, but also means that broken capillaries and visible blood vessels are often also caused by normal wear and tear.”
Pores can also become more pronounced and the skin can become looser and wrinkle more easily due to the lack of collagen and elastin.
“Perhaps the biggest change in this decade are the eyes, making the eyelids heavier and the more hooded as the skin becomes less elastic,” Dr. continued. Veraitch.
In the fifty women also experienced changes in the seismic hormone through the onset of perimenopause and menopause.
‘Reduced estrogen means that the skin is drier and therefore becomes more vulnerable. It can break more easily, causing cuts and scabs, “she said.
Lowering female hormones also means that hair can appear on your chin, along the jaw line or above the lips.
“Hormone changes at this age are also often the cause of some women who develop acne.”
IF YOU ARE IN THE 60’S
“During your 60s, you notice that the skin becomes drier and thinner and looks papery in some places,” Dr. explained. Veraitch out.
“Although the good news is that this means that you are less likely to suffer from pimples, the bad news is that your skin becomes more vulnerable and at greater risk of being easily damaged, not to mention the increase in wrinkles.”
Skin rules for your 60s
Thicker moisturizers: Thicker moisturizers help protect the skin barrier as their skin becomes drier.
Lower retinol concentration: Although it is fine to continue using retinol, it is wise to switch to a formula with a lower concentration to take into account the fact that your skin becomes thinner and ingredients will absorb more easily.
SPF: Limit any existing age spots on the face and hands to become bigger by ensuring that you use sunscreen daily on parts of the skin that are exposed.