Braces can assist you with crooked or misaligned teeth. General dentists can do only a basic alignment, but orthodontics specializes in correcting any irregularities or issues with the straightening of the teeth. The dentist or orthodontist you go to for resolving your teeth issues may ask you many queries about your medical history, health and complete your medical examination. In most cases, teens used braces to straighten their teeth and consult the dentist for the solution.

He will also scan your teeth digitally and take pictures of your teeth and your face. The dentist will also take an Xray of the head and mouth. After analyzing all the gathered information, a plan about your treatment will be made. In most of the cases, only braces are needed. If you are someone with crooked or unaligned teeth which is looking for some more knowledge about braces, then you are at the right place!


So after running all the tests and X-rays as I mentioned above, the orthodontist or dentist will decide about your treatment plan. Everyone needs specific treatments, and one method does not work for everyone. The braces consist of wires, bands, and other removable and fixed parts. 

Your dentist or orthodontist will recommend you braces according to your specifications and needs like your age, how crooked are your teeth or if you have any overbite or underbite. Each person gets their custom made braces according to their needs. Following are some types of braces available:

  • Braces made from metal brackets are glued individually to each teeth and are the classic braces. The archwire puts pressure on the jawline and teeth, and elastic O-rings connect the brackets to it. An archwire is adjusted every month as your teeth slowly move to the new desired place. The regular orthodontist appointment switches the elastic bands and other parts.
  • Ceramic braces are the clear braces that are very less visible, unlike the metal ones.
  • Aligner trays are also called invisible braces and can be taken off and placed back at any time of the day. 
  • Lingual braces are the type of braces that are placed completely behind your teeth.

After completing treatment with the traditional braces, retainers are given, which are aligner trays that you have to wear for six months. These help with the alignment of the teeth.


Braces are applied on teeth for one to three years (depending on the person), braces put pressure on teeth and slowly move them in a new desired direction where they would be straightened. Following are the parts of braces that will help you understand more about braces:


Braces may look tiny to you, but they are very complex and contains many different complex parts that work together to straighten your teeth slowly. Following are the different parts of braces: 


The first part of braces brackets.

Brackets are tiny metal or ceramic links which are glued to every single tooth separately.


The second part is an archwire which is a long and thin piece of wire. Archwire connects your braces and is made out of metal. The archwire helps with correcting alignment by pulling your teeth towards one another, so the gap is lessened.


The bonding material is a form of glue that can be used inside the mouth and is used to attach brackets to every individual tooth.


Ligature elastic is also known as an O-ring. It comes in different colors that you can choose. They help connect the bracket to the archwire. They are replaced with new ones every time you visit the dentist as they do a lot of heavy lifting to straighten your teeth.


The spacers go between each tooth and allow so the bands can fit comfortably through. They are very hard to get used to as they are literal spacebar for your teeth.


Orthodontic bands are elastic bands that work by connecting the archwire towards the brackets. If your teeth are not that crooked enough, then the dentist or the orthodontist will not fix it in your teeth.


An average person wears braces for one to three years. After the braces are removed, retainers should be worn for the first six months and then during sleep for many more years until your dentist tells you to. But the time required for braces varies in every person; differently, it depends on how severe your problem is, it also depends on the health and condition of the teeth, gum, supporting bone, depends on how closely you follow instructions, the distance teeth have to travel and the amount of room available in your mouth. So the time frame may vary.


You will have to make appointments with your orthodontist or dentist every single month. The dentist will check to see if the braces have steady and fine pressure on teeth and will also adjust the wires, rubber band, and the springs. All of this will help to create more pressure and tension on the teeth. The dentist may also provide an external headgear if braces are not enough to straighten your teeth, and the jaw needs to be shifted. 

Some of these adjustments may cause some uncomfortable in your mouth or sore for a while and also cause pain. You can take pain medicines to help relieve pain. If the pain gets worse and you are unable to bear, then you need to consult your dentist, and they may prescribe some alternatives as per the condition. The process for braces is almost the same for all people and age groups, from a kid to an adult, whoever wishes to better their tooth appearance. 


After the braces are taken out, your orthodontist or dentist will give you a retainer which is custom made for everyone and is removable and helps teeth to keep their newly given position. The retainers may also fix minor problems relating to your teeth and is a very integral part of teeth aftercare. Retainers require to be put on for the six months regularly and then during sleep after many years till your dentist tells you. 

These are usually made out of clear plastic or rubber, and a metal wire is covering outside of the teeth. Retainers refrain your teeth from shifting to any other place as even after braces they are not completely satisfied with the change. The retainer helps them adopt the change.

Wrapping Up

Your dentist or orthodontist will also take more X-rays and impressions of your bite just to see if the teeth are straightened completely. They will also look for any new wisdom teeth developing. If a new wisdom tooth is found, the dentist or orthodontist will recommend the wisdom teeth to be pulled out immediately as it can cause the straightened teeth from shifting elsewhere to make space for the new teeth. After taking off your braces, your teeth will be thoroughly cleaned by the dentist.