How air pollution can break your bones: city dwellers exposed to toxic air ‘prone to fractures’
CAUSE CHILDREN TO HAVE A LOW IQ: Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, found in May 2019 that children of mothers living in polluted areas have an IQ that is up to seven points lower than children living in cleaner air locations.
CAUSE CHILDREN HAVING BAD MEMORY: Researchers at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health discovered that boys who were exposed to higher PM2.5 levels in the womb performed worse on memory tests by the time they were 10.
DELAY OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT: Young people who live less than a third of a mile away from busy roads are twice as likely to score lower on tests of communication skills in childhood, researchers at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health found in April. They also had a better chance of poorer hand-eye coordination.
MAKE CHILDREN MORE DELIVERED: Scientists from the University of Cincinnati claimed that pollution could change the structure of children’s brains to make them more anxious. Their study of 14 young people discovered that the fear rates were higher among those who were exposed to more pollution.
SHORTLIFE YOUR CHILD’S LIFE: Children born today lose nearly two years of their lives from air pollution, according to a report from the US Health Effects Institute and the University of British Columbia in April 2019. UNICEF called for action at the back of the study.
HAS A CHILD RISK OF AUTISM: Researchers at Monash University in Australia discovered that young people living in highly polluted parts of Shanghai are 86% more likely to develop ASD. Main author Dr. Yuming Guo said, “The developing brains of young children are more vulnerable to toxic exposure in the environment.”
CAUSE ASTMA IN CHILDREN: Four million children around the world develop asthma every year due to traffic pollution, an important study by academics at George Washington University estimated. Experts are divided on what causes asthma – but exposure to pollution in childhood increases the risk of damaging the lungs.
MAKE CHILDREN FAT: Experts from the University of Southern California discovered last November that 10-year-olds who lived in polluted areas when they were still babies were 1.2 kg heavier on average than those who grew up around cleaner air. Nitrogen dioxide pollution can disrupt the way children burn fat, the scientists said.
LET WOMEN BEFORE BEFORE: Scientists from the University of Modena, Italy, claimed in May 2019 that they believe pollution speeds up aging in women, just like smoking, which means that they no longer have eggs. This was based on the fact that they found nearly two-thirds of the women with low ‘reserve’ eggs that regularly inhaled toxic air.
HAS THE RISK OF AN ERROR: Scientists from the University of Utah discovered in January that pregnant women are 16 percent more likely to have a heartache from miscarriage if they live in areas with high pollution.
HAVE THE RISK ON BREAST CANCER: Scientists from the University of Stirling discovered that six women who worked on the same bridge next to a busy US road got breast cancer within three years of each other. There was one in 10,000 chance that the cases were coincidence, the study said. It suggested that chemicals in the traffic fumes caused the cancer by shutting down the BRCA genes, which try to prevent tumors from growing.
DAMAGE A MAN SPERM: Brazilian scientists at the University of Sao Paulo discovered in March that mice exposed to toxic air had a lower number and fewer good sperm cells than those who had breathed in clean air since birth.
MAKE PEOPLE LESS LIKELY TO GET THEIR SEX: Scientists at Guangzhou Medical University in China found that rats exposed to air pollution were struggling to get sexually excited. Scientists believe it can also affect men, because inhaling toxic particles can cause blood vessel inflammation and starve the genitals of oxygen – affecting men’s ability to become sexually aroused.
MAKE PEOPLE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE ERECTIVE DYS FUNCTION: Men living on main roads are more likely to get an erection because of exposure to pollution, a study by the University of Guangzhou in China suggested in February. Toxic fumes reduced blood flow to the genitals, showed rats tests, and they were at risk of developing erectile dysfunction.
RAIS THE RISK OF PSYCHOSIS: In March, scientists at King’s College London associated toxic air with intense paranoia and young people’s voices for the first time. They said that uncovering exactly how pollution can lead to psychosis should be an “urgent health priority.”
Get depressed: Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology found in January that the sadder the air, the sadder we are. Their research was based on analyzing social media users in China in addition to the average daily PM2.5 concentration and weather data where they lived.
CAUSE DEMENTIA: Air pollution could be responsible for 60,000 cases of dementia in the UK, researchers at King’s College London and St George’s, University of London, calculated last September. Small pollutants breathed deep into the lungs and entered the bloodstream where they can travel into the brain and cause inflammation – a problem that can cause dementia.