The growing trend for & # 39; clean living & # 39; has visited a lot of social media for & # 39; organic & # 39; alternatives to everyday products.
But research now has & # 39; chemical free & # 39; Warned, homemade sunscreen can be a recipe for burns.
A study found that 68 percent of DIY sunglasses on Pinterest offer insufficient UV protection.
Researchers warn about homemade sunscreens that contain essential oils, shea butter or coconut oil, have an SPF of only one to seven.
And only because something is advertised as & # 39; of course & # 39; or & # 39; organic & # 39; does not make it safe or effective, they add.
Research warns & # 39; chemical-free & # 39; homemade sunscreen is a burn recipe (stock)
The research was conducted by Nationwide Children's & # 39; s Hospital in Ohio and led by Dr. Lara McKenzie, from the Center for Injury Research and Policy.
& # 39; The internet is a great place for families to go for recipe inspiration and art and craft projects, but not necessarily for creating their own safety-related issues, & # 39; said Dr. McKenzie.
& # 39; Homemade sunscreens are risky because they are not regulated or tested for efficacy such as commercial sunscreens.
& # 39; If you make it yourself, you do not know if it is safe or effective. & # 39;
WHAT IS MELANOME AND HOW CAN YOU AVOID IT?
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer. It happens after the DNA in skin cells is damaged (usually as a result of harmful UV rays) and has not been repaired, causing mutations that can form malignant tumors.
The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 91,000 people will be diagnosed with melanoma in 2018 in the US and that more than 9,000 people are expected to die from it.
Every year around 15,900 new cases occur in the UK, of which the British die in 2016 from 2285 Britons, according to the statistics from Cancer Research UK.
- Exposure to the sun: UV and UVB rays from the sun and tanning beds are harmful to the skin
- Moles: the more moles you have, the greater the risk of getting melanoma
- Skin type: nicer skin has a greater risk of getting melanoma
- Hair color: red heads are more at risk than others
- Personal history: once you have had a melanoma, you are more likely to get it again
- Family history: if previous family members have been diagnosed, this increases your risk
This can be done by removing the entire part of the tumor or by removing the surgeon layer by layer. When a surgeon removes it layer by layer, this helps them figure out where exactly the cancer stops, so they don't have to remove more skin than necessary.
The patient may decide to use a skin graft if the operation has left a discoloration or mark.
- Immunotherapy, radiation or chemotherapy:
This is necessary if the cancer reaches phase III or IV. That means that the cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes or other organs in the body.
- Use sunscreen and do not burn
- Avoid tanning outside and in beds
- Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before you go outside
- Keep newborns out of the sun
- Examine your skin every month
- Consult your doctor every year for a skin test
Source: Skin Cancer Foundation and American Cancer Society
Sunscreen protects against sunburn, which increases our risk of skin cancer.
In the US, more people are diagnosed with skin cancer each year than all other forms of cancer, with one in five developing the disease by the time they turn 70, according to Skin Cancer Foundation statistics.
And in the UK 15,906 people developed melanoma – the deadliest form of skin cancer – in 2015, with 2,285 deaths the following year, according to Cancer Research UK.
Social media users often turn to sites such as Pinterest to share health information, the researchers wrote in the journal Health Communication.
In recent years there has also been a & # 39; social shift to clean living & # 39; many have been looking for homemade sunscreen recipes.
To find out the dangers, the researchers looked for & # 39; homemade sunscreen & # 39; and & # 39; natural sunscreens & # 39; on Pinterest, which returned 189 messages.
The results revealed almost all (95 percent) messages that lend homemade sunscreen as effective.
This is despite most (68 percent) recipes that offer insufficient protection against harmful UV rays.
A third of the messages boasted that the recipes offer an SPF of up to 50.
Coconut oil, which & # 39; the most used ingredient & # 39; However, it has at most an SPF of seven, according to laboratory tests.
And essential oils & # 39; do not have the UV blocking ability of commercially made products & # 39 ;.
& # 39; Many of the recipes mentioned specific SPF levels up to 50, but the ingredients in the recipes have not been scientifically proven to provide that kind of broad-spectrum coverage, & # 39; said Dr. McKenzie.
The recipes contain positive words such as & # 39; healthy & # 39 ;, & # 39; non-toxic & # 39; and & # 39; good for you & # 39 ;, some also including images of children.
It was even falsely claimed that conventional sunscreen causes cancer.
On average, the recipes that the researchers found were pinned 808 times & # 39; to the & # 39; boards & # 39; of users.
One post was even saved more than 21,700 times. Pins allow users to easily reopen their favorite messages.
And only three of the 189 messages warned about the potential risks of relying on home-made sunscreens.
The researchers emphasize that just because something is labeled as natural, it is not safe.
They encourage the public to opt for broad-spectrum awnings that protect against both UVA and UVB rays, are water-resistant and have an SPF of at least 30.
& # 39; Shop-bought sunscreen is a better choice because it is regulated by the FDA and must have a proven level of protection against both UVA and UVB rays, & # 39; said Dr. McKenzie.
& # 39; These products are regulated for a reason, and do-it-yourself versions are unlikely to meet the safety standards required by regulatory authorities. & # 39;
Sunscreen should be applied half an hour before you go out and every two hours after that, or more if you swim or sweat a lot, the researchers said.
And bottles should be thrown away around three years or according to their expiration date, they add.
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