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Gender differences in cardiac arrest symptoms evident 24 hours before onset

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Gender differences in cardiac arrest symptoms evident 24 hours before onset

A recent study has shed light on the critical warning symptoms of fatal heart disease, which can appear up to 24 hours before cardiac arrest occurs. He study highlights the urgent need to improve prediction and intervention methods to prevent sudden cardiac deaths, which claim the lives of 90 percent of affected people outside the hospital setting.

Conducted by the Smidt Heart Institute in Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in the US, the research highlights the differences in pre-arrest symptoms between men and women. The findings indicate that women are more likely to experience shortness of breath the day before cardiac arrest, while men are more likely to experience chest pains. Additional symptoms such as palpitations, seizures, and flu-like symptoms were also reported in smaller subgroups of both sexes.

Dr. Sumeet Chugh, a renowned sudden cardiac arrest expert and lead author of the study, emphasized the potential life-saving impact of recognizing these warning signs. He stated that identifying and responding to these symptoms could lead to timely medical interventions, thus preventing many imminent deaths. Dr. Chugh suggested that this knowledge could fundamentally change current approaches to preventing sudden cardiac death, reports Bristol live.

“We started the SUDS study 22 years ago and the PRESTO study eight years ago. These cohorts have provided invaluable lessons along the way. Importantly, none of this work would have been possible without the partnership and support of first responders, medical examiners, and hospital systems providing care within these communities.”

The team analyzed the frequency of specific symptoms and their combinations before sudden cardiac arrest, contrasting their findings with those of control groups who also received emergency medical care. Dr. Eduardo Marban, another collaborator on the study, highlighted its importance: “This is the first community study to evaluate the association of warning symptoms, or sets of symptoms, with imminent sudden cardiac arrest using a comparison group with documented symptoms. by EMS. registered as part of routine emergency care.”

The findings were published in Lancet Digital Health and were based on data from two major studies: the ongoing Prediction of Sudden Death in Multiethnic Communities (PRESTO) study in Ventura County, California, and the Sudden Unexpected Death Study of Oregon (SUDS). in Portland, Oregon. The research revealed that half of the people who experienced sudden cardiac arrest had encountered a notable warning sign within 24 hours before the cardiac arrest.

The revelations from this study are particularly crucial given the abrupt and often fatal nature of cardiac arrests, especially when they occur outside the clinical setting. With greater public awareness and understanding of these pre-arrest symptoms, people are more likely to seek urgent medical help, thus increasing their chances of survival.

Dr. Chugh highlighted the collaborative nature of the research and highlighted the community-wide effort required to effectively collect and analyze the data. He also pointed out future directions for this research, which aims to integrate these symptoms with other diagnostic features such as clinical profiles and biometric measurements. This integrated approach is expected to further improve the predictability of sudden cardiac arrests.

The implications of this study are enormous and could lead to advances in the way cardiac emergencies are predicted and managed. By tailoring prevention strategies to the specific warning signs presented by different genders, medical professionals can better prepare to address these life-threatening emergencies. This research not only promises to advance medical understanding and response strategies, but also provides people with insights that could critically alter the outcomes of heart-related emergencies.

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