Fires bursting through the Amazon pump carbon monoxide into the atmosphere, creating abnormally high levels that may linger for WEEKS, map shows
- NASA map shows how carbon monoxide has risen in the atmosphere from August 8-22
- It uses data from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on Aqua sat
- According to NASA, carbon monoxide has hit 160 ppbv high in some regions
- The pollutant can linger in the atmosphere for about a month and travel very far
An animation released today by NASA has revealed the alarming increase in carbon monoxide in the atmosphere caused by a fire in the Amazon.
Levels of the pollutant up to 18,000 feet above the earth's surface have risen to 160 parts per billion volume (ppbv) in some regions, with local values expected to be significantly higher & # 39; to be.
According to NASA, the harmful gas can remain in the air for about a month, which has consequences for both air quality and climate change.
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Areas marked green indicate carbon monoxide levels of about 100 ppbv, while yellow shows a higher concentration, about 120 ppbv. Red spots on the map represent 160 ppbv, or possibly higher than some places
At such a high altitude, these concentrations probably pose little direct risk to human health. But strong winds can change that for some regions.
Although the gas & # 39; has little effect on the air we breathe in & # 39 ;, NASA explains, & # 39; strong winds can bring it down to where it can significantly affect air quality. & # 39;
It can also travel great distances during the weeks it stays in the atmosphere, the space agency notes.
The animation shared on Friday afternoons combines data recorded by NASA's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on the Aqua satellite.
It spans a period of August 8-22, with every & # 39; day & # 39; represents the average of three days of measurements.
Areas marked green indicate carbon monoxide levels of about 100 ppbv, while yellow shows a higher concentration, about 120 ppbv.
Red spots on the map represent 160 ppbv, or possibly higher than some places.
In the troposphere – or the layer of the atmosphere closest to the earth's surface – carbon monoxide levels are usually between 50 and 100 ppb, according to the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.
Levels of the pollutant up to 18,000 feet above the earth's surface have risen to 160 parts per billion volume (ppbv) in some regions, with local values expected to be significantly higher & # 39; to be
The animation shows how the pollutant has risen and spread in recent weeks while the fires continued to burn.
& # 39; As the series progresses, & # 39; NASA notes, & # 39; grows the carbon monoxide plume in northwestern Amazon and then floats in a more concentrated plume to the southeastern part of the country. & # 39;
Shocking figures released by Brazilian space research agency INPE this week revealed that forest fires in the country have risen by nearly 80 percent to the highest point since 2013, according to Reuters.
This goes hand in hand with an increase in deforestation; in the first seven months of this year, deforestation with Amazon increased by 67 percent compared to the year before.
Brazil contains around 60% of the Amazon rainforest, the degradation of which can have serious consequences for the global climate and rainfall
Fire consumes an area near Porto Velho, Brazil, Friday, August 23, 2019. Brazilian state experts have reported a record of nearly 77,000 forest fires across the country so far this year, an increase of 85% over the same period in 2018
Many are now pointing the finger at right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro because the Brazilian leader has criticized environmental criticism and called for the development of protected reserves.
The movement has encouraged loggers and farmers trying to evacuate the land, sometimes by burning a fire, Reuters reported.
Nobody feels the effects harder than the indigenous tribes who call the Amazon their home.
& # 39; With every passing day, we see destruction progress: deforestation, invasion, logging & # 39 ;, Handerch Wakana Mura, one of the different leaders of a clan of more than 60 people, told Reuters this week.
& # 39; We are sad because the forest is dying at all times. We feel the climate change and the world needs the forest. & # 39;
MAP DISCLOSES THE IMMEDIATE PERFORMANCE REPORTING AROUND THE BOL
Using Landsat images and cloud computing, researchers mapped forest cover worldwide, as well as forest loss and growth. Over 12 years, 888,000 square miles (2.3 million square kilometers) of forest were lost and 309,000 square miles (800,000 square kilometers) re-grown
The destruction caused by deforestation, forest fires and storms on our planet has been revealed in unprecedented details.
High-resolution maps published by Google show how worldwide forests lost a total of 1.5 million square km members during 2000-2012.
In comparison, that is a loss of forested land that is the same size as the entire state of Alaska.
The maps, made by a team from NASA, Google and the researchers from the University of Maryland, used images from the Landsat satellite.
Each pixel in a Landsat image shows an area the size of a baseball diamond and offers enough data to zoom in on a local region.
Previously, country-to-country comparisons of forestry data were not possible at this accuracy level.
"When you compile datasets that use different methods and definitions, it's hard to synthesize," said Matthew Hansen at the University of Maryland.
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