A 60-year-old father of two has lived his entire life & # 39; with only half a brain & # 39 ;, doctors claim.
The Russian pensioner had no idea that there was a & # 39; black hole & # 39; in his skull was where the left hemisphere of his brain should be.
The retired engineer has served in the Red Army, has a university degree and has raised a family without health issues.
Medici in Moscow made the shocking discovery while performing a CT scan when the man was hospitalized after a & # 39; mini-stroke & # 39 ;.
There are some extremely rare conditions in which missing parts of the brain cause severe disability and death at a young age – but the symptomless case of this man is & quot; very unique & quot ;, doctors said.
The defect appears to have developed when the man was just an embryo, they said, and if the technology could have detected it during pregnancy in the 1950s, his mother would probably have been told to stop.
A 60-year-old retired engineer has lived his entire life & # 39; with only half a brain & # 39 ;, doctors claim in Russia. Pictured, a CT scan of the brain of the anonymous man with the missing left
The doctors in Moscow made the shocking discovery when the man after a & # 39; mini convoy & # 39; was admitted to hospital. A doctor from the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center explained that radiologists were surprised when they discovered that there was a & # 39; gap & # 39; in the brain
Neurologist Dr. Marina Anikina, who investigated the case, said: & The man was admitted to a district clinic in southern Moscow due to an ischemic attack.
& # 39; This is a failure of the blood circulation in the brain. It is different from a stroke when part of the brain is irreparably damaged.
& # 39; This patient had problems moving one arm and one leg.
& # 39; Radiologists performed a computer tomography of his head and were surprised for a while – the part of the brain of the retired man where the ischemia attack should have happened was not there at all.
CAN YOU LIFE WITH HALF BRAIN?
Normally a person misses parts of his / her brain due to illness or injury.
It can be surgically removed or disconnected to treat convulsion-causing disorders, but is only a last option in a very small number of patients – normally children.
The success rate for treating the attacks is extremely high and most children have excellent long-term results that follow unexpected adverse results.
Kefal disorders result from damage to or abnormal development of the nascent nervous system, including the brain, caused by a disturbance that occurs in the womb.
Holoprosencephaly is when the right and left sides of the brain do not divide, hydranencephaly is when the hemispheres are absent and are replaced by fluid-filled bags, and porecephaly, which is extremely rare, involves a cyst or cavity in the hemispheres.
Damage to the developing nervous system during fetal development is a major cause of chronic, debilitating conditions and sometimes death.
The extent to which damage to the developing nervous system harms the mind and body varies enormously.
Many disabilities are mild enough so that the person is able to function independently through life.
Others are not: a large population is partially disabled and functions well below normal capacity throughout life.
& # 39; Instead of the left side of the brain, there was a black "hole" in computer images. & # 39;
Specialists concluded that his entire right brain hemisphere had performed all brain functions.
The right side coordinates the left side of the body and is responsible for creative tasks.
And normally the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and performs tasks related to logic, such as science and mathematics.
People with other conditions have proven that it is possible to live without one side of the brain, which is normally the result of surgery called hemispherectomy for the treatment of diseases.
Half of the brain is removed or disconnected to stop serious attacks in a number of conditions, including epilepsy, with a high success rate.
The extent to which the brain can adjust is often due to the age of the patient and the plasticity of the brain, which means that it can recover and reshape after a trauma.
The man told doctors: & # 39; I have lived a normal life, I was not worried at all. & # 39;
He told them that he had a normal childhood in the Soviet era and that no problems were ever recorded with his physical development, eyesight or mental state.
He successfully finished school, and went to college where he got a degree in engineering.
He served as a conscript in the Soviet army and then as an engineer in a factory before he retired.
Dr. Anikina, from the Burnasyan Federal Medical Biophysical Center, said: & # 39; Scientists are aware of certain cases where parts of the brain were missing.
& # 39; In this recent case, we are faced with a different situation when brain development failure occurred at an earlier stage of pregnancy, possibly in the embryo.
& # 39; Perhaps it was blood delivery or another dramatic event. It usually leads to a miscarriage, but in this very unique case it ended up being quite successful.
& # 39; At this stage of pregnancy, the functions of the embryo & # 39; s brain are not assigned to specific centers in the brain.
& # 39; When one half was damaged, the second half simply took over all functions. & # 39;
Neurologist Marina Anikina, who investigated the case, said that the case & # 39; very unique & # 39; was and explained that it probably happened when the man was just an embryo
It is not clear what fills the gap in the man's skull. In a similar rare condition, called hydranencephaly, a child is born with most of the brain's solid tissue missing and fluid filling its place.
Porencephaly is another extremely rare neurological disorder in which cysts or cavities occur in the cerebral hemisphere.
But with both disorders, life expectancy is extremely low and children have severe disabilities, including absent speech development, seizures, or intellectual problems.
Dr. Anika said that if the man's mother was pregnant, she & # 39; probably & # 39; would be advised to abort the child for medical reasons.
& # 39; A routine scan would easily have revealed the absence of a half brain and doctors would not have taken a risk.
& # 39; But in the 1950s, there were no such technologies, and the baby was born without half his brain. & # 39;
She found that his children are normal & # 39; were born, although his condition is not genetic. Although she gave no indication of the cause.
The patient recovered quickly from his attack but refused a request from doctors to perform more tests on his brain.
The man's identity has remained anonymous after he said: & # 39; I don't want any kind of popularity. & # 39;
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