This one are the fascinating portraits of some of America & # 39; s most notorious bank robbers, scammers, counterfeiters, black-outers and pickpockets, who terrorized the country in the late nineteenth century.
The notable photos were taken by the famous investigator Thomas F.Byrnes of the New York Police Department – the officer who made the use of the mugshot popular in law enforcement and even the term & # 39; rogue gallery & # 39; figured out.
The collection shows some of the 203 lawbreakers that Byrnes in 1886 in his book & # 39; Professional Criminals of America & # 39; called.
He believed that publishing these & # 39; mugshots & # 39; help citizens not only to identify criminals, but also to prevent future crimes.
Byrnes became obsessed with collecting photographs of famous criminals, claiming that by the end of his life he had collected more than 7,000 portraits in his rogue gallery.
Historians view Brynes's collection as the first registered National Crime Registry in the US and more than two hundred of his mugshots have been published in Bryne & # 39; s book & # 39; Professional Criminals of America & # 39; from 1886.
Pickepocket, sneak and shoplifter Mary Holbrook, depicted in March 1883. Mary came from Ireland and is described as the most successful and notorious female thief in America. Mary stole everywhere in America and served multiple prison sentences in cities across the country and in Canada. She was so good at stealing that she and her husband fully lived off her income
Sophie Levy, a pickpocket and a blackmailer, pictured here in 1886. In the 1880s, she was the New York Police Commissioner & # 39; the queen of crime & # 39; called. She lived a cruel life that encompassed both sides of the law. Sophie, a Jewish woman from the United States, hung around in hotels where she once attracted a wealthy merchant and lured him into her room. Then she took off his clothes and threatened him with exposure if he did not meet her requirements. He surrendered and filled in a check for $ 10,000. Sophie and her accomplice were eventually arrested, but their intended victim refused to appear against them and they were fired. His money was saved, but his character was ruined and the result was the breakup of a happy house. She continued to smuggle people until February 6, 1883, when she was convicted in Ann Arbor, Mich., And sentenced to three years
Charles Wilson, also known as Little Paul, a sneak and shoplifter, pictured here in 1878 when he was 33 years old. Little Paul was sent to Sing Sing Prison in 1883 where he escaped by sawing the iron bars from a window and crawling toward the Hudson River, where a handy float was waiting for him. He reached the other bank and put on civilian clothes that he had left behind. He was later arrested again in New Orleans in 1884 and sent back to Sing Sing
Kate Armstrong aka Mary Ann Down, a pickpocket and shoplifter, pictured here in November 1885. Mary was from England. A fat lady she would often find in Madison Square Garden and pick the woman's bags. Her operations were greatly helped by her respectable appearance and perfect self-control. She was arrested in New York on October 20, 1884 and charged with the theft of a $ 250 diamond, sapphire and pearl bar, at the Tiffany & Co jewelry store. in New York, on July 7, 1884. She had five years
Horace Hovan aka Little Horace, a bank thief, pictured here in 1886 when he was 37 years old. Horace came from Richmond, VA, and is described as a smart thief who always had a good alibi because of his brother who was almost identical to him in terms of manner and voice. He would register his wife at a prominent hotel and meet guests. Then he would trade himself for his brother who would come in and take his wife in a carriage to the park, while Horace would rob the benches. Later in his life he came to Europe where he was arrested for bank robberies
Annie Reilly aka Little Annie, an unfair servant from Ireland. Little Annie Reilly, found a job as a child nurse and seemed to be very busy about the children. But she would only stay in one place for one or two days before robbing a house of her jewelry, sometimes worth thousands of dollars. She was imprisoned in 1884 for four and a half years
Edward Fairbrother, aka Dr. West, pictured here in 1873. Dr. West was an Oxford alumni who graduated from Oxford Corpus Christi College. He was arrested for malpractice in New York City, where he worked as a doctor. When he was in prison, he claimed to learn so much about theft that he could not resist stepping into a criminal life. Fairbrother was highly educated and could speak several languages. During his trial in 1880, Fairbrother entertained those present in the courtroom with a long, amusing story about his crime, delivered with a dramatic flair. When sentenced in 1873, Fairbrother sued and offered the judge for mercy to prove that he was an emotional person by denying a poem he had written in prison. The judge was not impressed
Bertha Heyman, also known as Big Betha, pictured here in June 1881. Bertha came from Germany and was described as one of the smartest women in America, and a great talker. She would scam people of thousands of dollars, even if they were imprisoned. Heyman would pretend to be a rich woman who had no access to her fortune. She stayed in the best hotels and retained both a maid and a clerk in her service, bragging about having influential friends. Her trust tricks & # 39; were extremely bold and ingenious & # 39; and they were covered with her showy renditions
Bank Thief Rufus Minor, 48, pictured here in 1886. Rufus is described as a bank sneak that ran with Billy the Kid. He was described as intelligent and from a good family. He was accused of theft of $ 200,000 that he had stolen from New York in 1878
John Larney aka Mollie Matches, a pickpocket and bank burglar, pictured here in 1886 when he was 47 years old. He is described as a talented thief but a pronounced thief. He wore fine clothing and disliked tobacco and alcohol. He got his nickname because he disguised himself as a boy like a match and mingled with the bustle of New York, throwing more than $ 2,000 into the bag
Edward Sturgess aka Hyatt, pictured here in 1877 when he was 36 years old. Sturgess, who came from Havana, Cuba was a hotel thief who picks up guests. He was sentenced to six months in New York City state prison on February 20, 1871. He escaped in a swill barrel but was retaken and taken back the same day
Lena Kleinschmidt, also known as Black Lena, a shoplifter, pictured here in April 1880. Lena was from Germany and a notorious shoplifter known from Maine to Chicago. On April 9, 1880, she stole 108 meters of silk weave of $ 250
Terrence Murphy, aka Poodle Murphy, pictured here in January 1885. Murphy, from Albany, NY, was known in various cities in the US. He would commit diversions in which his friends would paralyze the victim and he would perform the act. He was arrested in every major city in northern US, but was never sent to a state prison
Louise Jordan, aka Biblow, a pickpocket and shoplifter, from England, pictured here in 1886. Her father ran a pub in Manchester, England and served time in a British prison. After her release, she went to Brazil as a partner of a rich Spanish lady. While she had stolen all the diamonds from her mistress in that country, she was arrested, sentenced and sentenced to receive forty lashes on the beating pole, and sentenced to cut off the lower part of her right ear. She then wore her hair over her ears to cover this malformation. She went to spend time in various American prisons for pickpocketing