Fake political posts have been viewed more than 158 million times this year on Facebook, a new report has found.
The social media site was hit this year by a & # 39; tsunami of disinformation & # 39; and unlike the 2016 elections, this fake news is not from Russia – but from the US.
Users have seen reports that President Donald Trump's grandfather is a & # 39; pimp and tax evader & # 39; was, Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez called for a & # 39; motorcycle ban & # 39 ;, Ilhan Omar dined with & # 39; Islamic groups tied to terror & # 39; and others that have been shared millions of times.
The report has been prepared by Avaaz, a worldwide civilian movement that follows election freedom and disinformation, searches through Facebook for the best fake political news items.
& # 39; Politically relevant disinformation appeared to have reached more than 158 million estimated views, enough to reach every reported registered voter in the US at least once, & # 39; report published on Wednesday morning said.
Scroll down for video & # 39; s
Users have seen reports that President Donald Trump's grandfather is a & # 39; pimp and tax evader & # 39; AOC called for a & # 39; motorcycle ban & # 39 ;, Ilhan Omar dined with & # 39; Islamic groups bound to terror & # 39; and others that have been shared millions of times
Although the public may be aware of the power that Facebook has to influence the 2020 elections, Luca Nicotra, a senior campaigner at Avaaz, said VICE News, & # 39; what is surprising is that the wave of disinformation affecting 2020 is taking place much earlier than the 2016 elections. & # 39;
After their investigation, Avaaz found that the disinformation was not linked to foreign brokers, but American users were found to share the misleading content.
While investigating the top 100 political fake news stories shared on Facebook, the organization discovered that the stories were posted more than 2.3 million times.
The stories also turned out to have 158.9 million views and 8.9 million interactions – this includes likes, comments and shares.
The group estimated that these items were viewed 86 million times in the last three months, and concluded that they were three times higher in the last three months.
It was found that the disinformation was not linked to foreign intermediaries, but American users were found to share the misleading content, as Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez called for a motor ban
While investigating the top 100 political fake news stories, including one about Ilhan Omar, shared on Facebook, the organization discovered that the stories were posted more than 2.3 million times, had 158.9 million views and 8.9 million interactions
Almost all the fake news was negative in nature, with 62 percent attacking Democrats and 29 percent against Republicans.
And the remaining nine percent were & # 39; positive & # 39; posts that supported Republicans / conservatives.
The fake news items were a mix of memes, photos taken from the context and articles from external websites such as American Herald Tribune, Patriots Unite, Trump Maga Reports and Life News.
& # 39; It's a tool that just works and everyone uses it, & # 39; Nicotra said.
& # 39; Inactivity of Facebook means that it is just a competitive disadvantage not to use disinformation. & # 39;
& # 39; The fact that this issue is a year before the election means that we don't even know how big this could be. It will be huge even without foreign interference. & # 39;
The group estimated that these posts were viewed 86 million times in the last three months, and concluded that these posts were three times more than the previous three months
Almost all the fake news was negative in nature, with 62 percent attacking Democrats, such as Nancy Pelosi, and 29 percent against Republicans
The fake news posts were a mix of memes, such as those about Tim Allen who spoke to Obamacare, and articles from external websites such as American Herald Tribune, Patriots Unite, Trump Maga Reports and Life News.
And to this day, all top 100 fake news posts are floating around on Facebook.
Fadi Quran, Avaaz campaign director: & # 39; Every American who cares about free and fair elections in 2020, including candidates and political parties, must raise the alarm about Facebook's fake news issue. & # 39;
& # 39; This is a company that can easily reach every voter in this country, and their instruments accelerate a wave of political lies that make us less informed and more polarized. & # 39;
The report comes after Facebook was shot at because of the defense against fake news that floods its platform.
The report comes after Facebook was shot at because of the defense against fake news that the platform is engulfing, which many users view and share. This fake news report was shared 78,000 times
The top fake news political posts usually attacking Democrats. Facebook disputes the idea that it should check campaign campaigns before the 2020 elections
In April, CEO Mark Zuckerberg picked up the responsibility for checking political advertisements prior to the 2020 elections.
He said it wasn't a company's job & # 39; to decide what the rules were because he said he & # 39; convinced & # 39; was that Facebook would be able to fight its efforts to get into the mood, but could not guarantee that it would be successful.
Zuckerberg also defended the company's refusal to campaign ads & # 39; fact-check & # 39; last month at Georgetown University, which he described as an & # 39; unfiltered view & # 39; on his views on freedom of expression and censorship.
"We believe that people should be able to see what politicians have to say," he said in defending Facebook's policies. & # 39; I don't think it's good for technology companies to censor politicians in a democracy. & # 39;
Many posts put Democrats, such as former Vice President Joe Biden, in a bad light
Other messages are simple memes that share misleading information
Zuckerberg admitted that he had considered completely banning Facebook political ads and noted that the income they brought in & # 39; the controversy & # 39; they were not worth.
He explained that after careful consideration, he decided that banning political advertisements was not the right choice for a variety of reasons.
& # 39; Banning political ads is beneficial to established operators and to anyone who chooses to cover the media & # 39 ;, he said.
He also noted that there were many advertisements about political issues, such as health care and the environment, than about certain candidates.
He said it would be difficult to determine where to draw the line when banning advertisements for political issues, and ridiculous to let everyone express their views except the actual election candidates.
WHAT TYPES OF FAKE PHOTOS & VIDEO SEARCH FACEBOOK?
She said Facebook's fact checkers and algorithms are looking for three types of fake news, usually spread through images and video.
1] Manipulated or manufactured: Content that has been edited or promoted to spread fake news.
Facebook gives an example in which the face of Mexican politician Ricardo Anaya was photoshopped on an American green card prior to an important election.
The photo was taken to make people believe he came from Atalanta, Georgia, despite elections in Mexico.
2] Oout of context: Facebook messages that extract images from their original context to disseminate incorrect information.
An example of Facebook shows a user who claims that a Syrian girl can be seen in various photos as an & # 39; actor & # 39; it is used as part of a Western propaganda campaign.
The post seems to suggest that the injured child was seen in photos of three & # 39; attacks & # 39; carried out by Putin's troops supported Bashar Hafez al-Assad.
Facebook's fake news system was able to confirm that the posted photos came from the same attack on the Syrian city of Aleppo.
3] Text or audio claim: Facebook photo or video that is layered with text or audio that contains fake news.
A photo posted with a hoax caption, picked by Facebook, claimed that Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi by BBC & # 39; researchers & # 39; was rated as the seventh & # 39; most corrupt prime minister in the world & # 39; in 2018.