Exquisite gold jewelry from the Nefertiti era has been found in two 3,000-year-old Bronze Age tombs

Two Bronze Age tombs, hidden in Cyprus for 3,000 years, have uncovered beautiful gold jewelry made during Nefertiti’s reign.

A solid gold pendant in the shape of a lotus flower with inlaid gemstones is one of the treasures found at the site and is similar to jewelry worn by the ancient Egyptian queen of the 18th dynasty.

Archaeologists say this find and other ornaments tell the story of Cyprus’s intensive trade with Egypt.

The tomb is one of two discovered on the small Mediterranean island in 2018, but archaeologists from the University of Gothenburg recently examined the wonders within.

In addition to lavish jewelry, the team also found the remains of 155 individuals and a trove of 500 objects in the two graves combined.

Scroll down for video

A solid gold pendant in the shape of a lotus flower with inlaid precious stones is one of the treasures found at the site and is similar to jewelry worn by the ancient Egyptian queen of the 18th dynasty

Both structures were used for hundreds of years, from about 1500 to 1350 BC, and skeletons and burial artifacts were superimposed.

One of the skeletons belonged to a five-year-old child who was buried with a lot of jewelry, including a solid gold tiara and a beaded necklace, who probably belonged to an elite family.

The team has been working at the site since 2010, but it wasn’t until three years ago that they discovered the two graves.

The tomb structures form underground chambers and each housed a large number of human skeletons.

Stunning gold jewelry made during the time of Nefertiti's (pictured) reign has been discovered in two bronze tombs hidden in Cyprus for 3,000 years

Stunning gold jewelry made during the time of Nefertiti’s (pictured) reign has been discovered in two bronze tombs hidden in Cyprus for 3,000 years

In addition to lavish jewelry, the team also found the remains of 155 individuals and a trove of 500 objects in the two graves combined.

In addition to lavish jewelry, the team also found the remains of 155 individuals and a trove of 500 objects in the two graves combined.

One of the skeletons belonged to a five-year-old child who was buried with a lot of jewelry, including a solid gold tiara and a beaded necklace, who probably belonged to an elite family

One of the skeletons belonged to a five-year-old child who was buried with a lot of jewelry, including a solid gold tiara and a beaded necklace, who probably belonged to an elite family

“Management of the finds required very delicate work over four years, as the bones were extremely fragile after more than 3,000 years in the saline soil,” the archaeologists shared in a statement. pronunciation.

Pictured is the necklace found on the remains of the child who also wore the tiara

Pictured is the necklace found on the remains of the child who also wore the tiara

Once the team was able to search the remains and artifacts, they discovered hundreds of skeletons and treasure.

A particularly important find is a cylindrical seal made of the mineral hematite, with a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), which the archaeologists have been able to decipher.

Professor Peter Fischer, the leader of the excavations, said in a pronunciation: ‘The text consists of three lines and mentions three names. One is Amurru, a god worshiped in Mesopotamia.

‘The other two are historical kings, father and son, whom we have recently been able to trace in other texts on clay tablets of the same period, namely the 18th century BC.

A particularly important find is a cylindrical seal made of the mineral hematite, with a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), which the archaeologists were able to decipher

A particularly important find is a cylindrical seal made of the mineral hematite, with a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), which the archaeologists were able to decipher

“We are currently trying to find out why the seal ended up in Cyprus more than 1000 kilometers from where it was made.”

The gold jewelry, along with scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets with hieroglyphics) and the remains of fish imported from the Nile Valley, tell the story of intensive trade with Egypt.

By comparison with similar finds from Egypt, the archaeologists were also able to date the jewelry.

“The comparisons show that most of the objects date from the time of Nefertiti and her husband Akhnaten around 1350 BCE,” Fischer said.

‘ Like a golden pendant we found: a lotus flower with inlaid precious stones. Nefertiti wore similar jewelry.’

The gold jewelry, along with scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets with hieroglyphics) and the remains of fish imported from the Nile Valley, tell the story of intensive trade with Egypt

The gold jewelry, along with scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets with hieroglyphics) and the remains of fish imported from the Nile Valley, tell the story of intensive trade with Egypt

The ceramic finds are also important.

“The way the ceramics changed in appearance and material over time allows us to date them and study the connections these people had with the surrounding world,” Fischer says.

‘What fascinates me most is the extensive network of contacts they had 3,400 years ago.’

Fischer says the next step in this great work will be DNA analysis of the skeletons.

“This will reveal how the different individuals are related and whether there are immigrants from other cultures, which is not unlikely given the vast trade networks,” he said.

WHO WAS QUEEN NEFERTITI?

Queen Nefertiti was famous for her beauty as depicted in the famous bust now in Berlin (pictured)

Queen Nefertiti was famous for her beauty as depicted in the famous bust now in Berlin (pictured)

Queen Nefertit was one of the most influential queens of ancient Egypt, ruling during the empire’s prosperous 18th dynasty.

Nefertiti, who ruled Egypt 3,300 years ago from 1353 to 1336 BC, was the mother or stepmother of the boy pharaoh King Tutankhamun.

Her full name, Neferneferuaten Nefertiti, means ‘Beautiful are the beauties of Aten, the beautiful is come’.

Her strength and charms in 14th century Egypt were such that she also collected many nicknames – from Lady Of All Women, Great Of Praises, Sweet Of Love.

Nefertiti lived during the richest period in the history of ancient Egypt – from around 1370 BC to 1330 BC.

In addition to marrying a king – Pharaoh Akhenaten – she probably became the daughter of another Pharaoh, and possibly ruled together with Tutankhamun.

There is even a suggestion that she only ruled Egypt after her husband’s death, meaning she ruled Egypt from the cradle to the grave.

Nefertiti and Akhenaten had six daughters, although it is believed that Tutankhamun was not her son.

DNA analysis has revealed that Akhenaten fathered Tutankhamun with one of his own sisters, making Nefertiti his stepmother.

Her beauty and strength were depicted in a number of temple statues.

Sometimes she follows her husband, but also often alone, in positions of pharaoh-like power.

Her own death is shrouded in mystery. She would have died about six years after her husband, possibly from the plague that hit Egypt at the time.

In 1331 BC. Tutankhaton changed his name to Tutankhamun and moved the Egyptian capital to Thebes, where he died in 1323 BC.

.