The corona virus has now spread to nearly 70 countries around the world and health officials are doing their best to prevent people from spreading the virus among themselves.
But with many patients who do not realize that they are sick, and others continue normal life until they are diagnosed, the rapidly spreading infection is difficult to control.
Avoiding an infection with the virus that causes a disease called COVID-19 can, according to scientists, be as easy as sticking to the usual good hygiene.
Wash your hands well with soap and warm water
The hand washing method of the World Health Organization has six different steps (two to seven), whereby different parts of the hands are washed to remove as many bacteria as possible.
The advice of the World Health Organization is that people wash their hands at least five times a day with soap and water or hand sanitizer.
Friction, experts say, is the key to removing signs of infection.
Proper washing of the hands means rubbing the palms of your hands together, rubbing the backs of the hands, engaging the fingers both forwards and backwards, scrubbing the thumbs and washing the fingertips.
People must clean their hands after coughing or sneezing; in taking care of sick people; before, during and after preparing food or food; after going to the toilet; after handling animals and when they look dirty.
“Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses,” the WHO said in its official advice.
Avoid hugs and handshakes
The French government has urged people to avoid ‘la bise’ – the traditional greeting of kissing someone on both cheeks – and not to shake hands to reduce the spread of the virus.
Health Minister Olivier Veran said: “The reduction of physical contacts of a physical nature is advised. That includes the exercise of the bise, ” Bloomberg reported.
Resort to ‘air handshakes’
The handshake becomes a taboo greeting among employees, because employees and customers fear the spread of coronavirus in the workplace.
A motivational speaker and presentation coach has now come up with the ‘air handshake’ because of the ‘unfolding corona virus situation’.
Richard McCann organized an event in Leeds on Saturday and later posted a video in which he greeted a man with an air handshake.
McCann posted on his social media accounts and wondered if he was paranoid because he didn’t shake hands with those who attended his £ 300 per ticket.
Richard McCann can be seen above as simulating a handshake with a participant in his event in Leeds before he walks off the stage
Do not touch door knobs and handrails
Experts say that the most common way in which the corona virus spreads is by people who touch surfaces that have been infected by an infected patient.
This works by having someone cough or sneeze the disease on their hand and then touch a surface while holding the viruses.
Washing hands regularly and thoroughly is considered to be the best protection against the virus
Günter Kampf from the University of Greifswald in Germany said that disinfectants can kill the viruses, but many things that we touch every day during transportation or in public buildings are not often disinfected.
The virus can live on hard surfaces that many people touch for hours, scientists say, with a study suggesting it could take up to nine days.
For this reason, things like doorknobs should be considered a danger zone, as well as railings on buses or trains.
Use a pen to press buttons instead of your fingers
Professor Kampf said that a lift was a particularly risky place because everyone is trapped and breathing in the same air and having to press the same buttons.
A lift is a particularly risky place because everyone is trapped and breathing in the same air and having to press the same buttons
A tip he saw on social media suggested pressing elevator buttons, which can also hold viruses, with a pen instead of a finger.
Be careful what you touch in public toilets
Professor Kampf said, “The elevators and public toilets, these are the places where I would be very, very careful to touch surfaces to avoid risk of coronavirus infection.”
Don’t touch your face anymore
According to Alistair Miles, a researcher at Oxford University, everyone should stop touching their faces.
He said in a tweet: “Stop touching your face. Especially stop touching your eyes, nose or mouth. This is much harder than it sounds and requires practice.
According to Alistair Miles, a researcher at Oxford University, everyone should stop touching their faces
“But if you start practicing now, you’ll soon get a lot better.”
The viruses survive on surfaces and are picked up by the next person to touch it, who then touches their face and transmits the virus to their mouth, nose or eyes.
From there, the virus can invade your body and make you sick.
Avoid large gatherings
Keeping people apart is one of the most important ways governments can try to stop the virus from spreading – what officials call “social distancing measures.”
In Italy, France and Switzerland, for example, public gatherings of large groups of people – such as football matches – have been canceled or prohibited.
Wear gloves in public and wash hand-held items
Science writer Laurie Garrett, who traveled through China during the SARS outbreak in 2002/03, said her best advice is to wear gloves in public.
Keep them on when you use public transportation or spend time in public places, she wrote Foreign policyand when opening or closing doors.
Science writer Laurie Garrett, who traveled through China during the SARS outbreak in 2002/03, said her best advice is to wear gloves in public
She said: “If it is possible to open and close doors with your elbows or shoulders, do it. Wear gloves to turn a doorknob – or wash your hands after touching it.
‘If someone in your house gets sick, wash your door knobs regularly.
“Also be careful with handrails, desktops, cell phones, toys, laptops – all objects being held in your hand.”
Do not share towels and open windows in your house
Mrs. Garrett also recommends not sharing towels and opening windows where possible at home to ventilate the house.
This can also be done in cars, where people are in ‘close contact’, as defined by Public Health England – within 15 feet of someone for 15 minutes or more.
Collect coughs and sneezes and waste immediately …
People should also cough or sneeze into a tissue, which they should throw away immediately afterwards, and avoid spitting in public.
Mrs. Garrett also recommends not sharing towels and opening windows where possible at home to ventilate the house
… or sneeze in your elbow
If they don’t have tissue to hand, sneezing or coughing in the fold of the elbow is better than putting it on.
Stand a few meters away from anyone who coughs or sneezes
“If a person coughs or sneezes, he sprays small liquid droplets from his nose or mouth that may contain a virus,” says the WHO.
“If you are too close, you can breathe in the drops, including the COVID-19 virus if the coughing person has the disease.”
If they don’t have tissue on hand, sneezing or coughing in the fold of the elbow is better than putting it on
When an infected person coughs, sneezes or just talks, tiny drops of moisture are expelled into the air, causing the virus to be transported out of the body up to about seven feet.
Professor Wang Lin Fa, expert in infectious diseases at the Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore, said Straits Times: ‘You have to have a lot of bad luck to get it out of the drops in the air.
“It means that the person coughed directly on your face, or very close to you, or if an infected person coughed in the elevator about 30 seconds before you went in.”
Don’t trust face masks – they won’t stop you from getting the virus
Although people have been depicted wearing them around the world since the outbreak began, face masks are probably not good at protecting people from catching COVID-19.
Face masks are not good at protecting people from catching COVID-19
University of Reading scientist Simon Clarke said that individual viruses are so small that they can go through the filters on most masks that people buy in stores. Researchers usually agree with this.
But they can reduce the risk that an infected person will pass it on …
But scientists also say that anyone who is already infected can reduce the risk of transmitting the virus by wearing a mask.
They may prevent droplets carrying the virus from being coughed up in the air around them.
The virus infects someone by holding meat in their airways and lungs after it is inhaled. Because of this, mucus and saliva contain the viruses and are contagious.