Europe wants to capture the moon by 2025: ESA unveils a plan that could lead to a new space race

The plans for a European base on the moon have taken a big step forward.

The European Space Agency has revealed that it has registered rocket maker ArianeGroup to develop plans for a lunar base that can be used to mine lunar surface material.

The project will & # 39; explore the possibility of going to the moon and working there before 2025 & # 39; – and could cause a new space race if countries hurry to deploy lunar forces.

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The European Space Agency has revealed that it has registered rocket maker ArianeGroup to develop plans for a lunar base that can be used to mine lunar surface material. The project will explore & # 39; the possibility of going to the moon and working there before 2025 & # 39 ;. Industrial partners, including renowned architects Foster + Partners, have already collaborated with ESA to test the feasibility of moon-based 3D printing to create moonbases.

The European Space Agency has revealed that it has registered rocket maker ArianeGroup to develop plans for a lunar base that can be used to mine lunar surface material. The project will explore & # 39; the possibility of going to the moon and working there before 2025 & # 39 ;. Industrial partners, including renowned architects Foster + Partners, have already collaborated with ESA to test the feasibility of moon-based 3D printing to create moonbases.

The one-year contract aims to eventually extract Regolith on the surface of the moon.

& # 39; While ESA and other agencies are preparing to send people back to the moon – this time to stay – technologies that use materials available in space (in-situ resource use) are seen as the key to sustainability and a springboard in humanity's adventure to Mars and further into the solar system, & said the space agency.

& # 39; In the longer term, space resources can even be used on Earth. & # 39;

& # 39; Regolith is an ore from which it is possible to extract water and oxygen, allowing an independent human presence on the moon to be considered, capable of producing the fuel needed for more distant reconnaissance missions, says ESA .

Ariane hopes that Ariane 64, the 4-booster version of Ariane 6, would make this European mission possible to transport the equipment needed for a moon landing.

Ariane hopes that Ariane 64, the 4-booster version of Ariane 6, would make this European mission possible to transport the equipment needed for a moon landing.

Ariane hopes that Ariane 64, the 4-booster version of Ariane 6, would make this European mission possible to transport the equipment needed for a moon landing.

& # 39; The use of space resources could be a key to sustainable moon exploration and this study is part of ESA's comprehensive plan to make Europe a partner in global exploration for the next decade – a plan that we will present to our ministers later this year. the Space19 + conference. & # 39; Dr. David Parker; Director, Human and Robotic Exploration at ESA.

The mission will abandon Europe against the US, Russia and China, all of which are developing lunar missions.

Last year, NASA unveiled plans to bring America back to the moon – but will rely on private companies to lead the missions.

The space agency plans to work with nine private companies, from small startups to giants such as Lockheed Martin, to develop robotic landers and systems to extract the natural resources on the moon.

This will help develop the technological need for possibly manned missions, and NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine promised to have a manned moon base within ten years.

Ariane hopes that Ariane 64, the 4-booster version of Ariane 6, would make this European mission possible to transport the equipment needed for a moon landing.

It also collaborates with a German start-up, PTScientists, who will deliver the moon lander, and a Belgian SME, Space Applications Services, who will provide ground control facilities, communications and associated service activities.

WHAT ARE THE EUROPEAN PLAN FOR A MOON BASE?

In 2016, the head of ESA worked out plans to build a village on the moon, designed by London's Foster + Partners.

& # 39; The future of space travel needs a new vision & # 39 ;, said Jan Woerner.

The concept is a basis for people and robots exploring the moon as a stopover for spacecraft, and a & # 39; village & # 39; with mining and even tourism.

Multi-dome moon base is constructed based on the 3D printing concept. Once assembled, the inflated domes are covered with a layer of 3D printed lunar regolite by robots to protect the occupants from space radiation and micrometeoroids

& # 39; We currently have the space station as a common international project, but it will not last forever & # 39 ;, said Woerner.

& # 39; When I say Moon Village, it doesn't just mean houses, a church, a city hall, and so on. No, that would be misleading.

& # 39; My idea is only about the core of the concept of a village: people who work and live together in the same place.

& # 39; And this place would be on the moon.

& # 39; In the Moon Village we want to combine the possibilities of different space-saving countries with the help of robots and astronauts.

Structures for a lunar base can be built by robots sent for human astronauts. Experts say that 3D printing technology can currently build a complete building for about a week

Structures for a lunar base can be built by robots sent for human astronauts. Experts say that 3D printing technology can currently build a complete building for about a week

Structures for a lunar base can be built by robots sent for human astronauts. Experts say that 3D printing technology can currently build a complete building for about a week

& # 39; Participants can work in different areas, maybe they will conduct pure science and maybe there will even be things like mining or tourism. & # 39;

Woerner said the village could even help the man to come to Mars.

& # 39; The Moon Village would also act as a & # 39; pitstop & # 39; for further exploration of the universe & # 39 ;, he said.

& # 39; Esa would also like to fly to Mars.

For ESA's 3D printed moon base concept, Foster + Partners designed a weight-bearing & # 39; catenary & # 39; dome design with a cellular structured wall to protect against micrometeoroids and space radiation, with an inflatable inflatable boat to protect astronauts

For ESA's 3D printed moon base concept, Foster + Partners designed a weight-bearing & # 39; catenary & # 39; dome design with a cellular structured wall to protect against micrometeoroids and space radiation, with an inflatable inflatable boat to protect astronauts

For ESA's 3D printed moon base concept, Foster + Partners designed a weight-bearing & # 39; catenary & # 39; dome design with a cellular structured wall to protect against micrometeoroids and space radiation, with an inflatable inflatable boat to protect astronauts

& # 39; For more than a decade we have had a very successful spacecraft in orbit. And now, with ExoMars, two unmanned missions focus on the orbit of Mars and the surface.

& # 39; Yes, the Americans want to send astronauts to Mars someday, but today's technology is not yet prepared for this journey.

& # 39; For example, we need to develop countermeasures against cosmic radiation that endangers human health during long space journeys. And we must learn how to endure longer periods in space, not just in a low orbit such as on the space station.

& # 39; Here our moon comes around – it's the perfect step to Mars. & # 39;

The space agency has presumed the permanent lunar colony as a replacement for the orbiting international space station, which will be dismantled in 2024.

& # 39; This first contract – symbolically announced on the day of a lunar eclipse – is a milestone for ArianeGroup, which has long been engaged in technological proposals for the maintenance of space logistics & # 39 ;, explains AndrĂ©-Hubert Roussel, CEO of ArianeGroup from.

& # 39; It is also an opportunity to return to Ariane 64's ability to perform moon missions for its institutional clients, with a load capacity of up to 8.5 tons. & # 39;

Researchers are planning to recreate the conditions of the moon's surface here at home. A new facility at the ESA & # 39; s Astronaut Center plant in Cologne, Germany will soon serve as a three-part moon-analog environment on Earth. Artist & # 39; s impression of the facility. The final design is not yet final.

Researchers are planning to recreate the conditions of the moon's surface here at home. A new facility at the ESA & # 39; s Astronaut Center plant in Cologne, Germany will soon serve as a three-part moon-analog environment on Earth. Artist & # 39; s impression of the facility. The final design is not yet final.

Researchers are planning to recreate the conditions of the moon's surface here at home. A new facility at the ESA & # 39; s Astronaut Center plant in Cologne, Germany will soon serve as a three-part moon-analog environment on Earth. Artist & # 39; s impression of the facility. The final design is not yet final.

Researchers create a lunar substitute from volcano powder produced by eruptions in the nearby Eifel volcano area 45 million years ago

Researchers create a lunar substitute from volcano powder produced by eruptions in the nearby Eifel volcano area 45 million years ago

Researchers create a lunar substitute from volcano powder produced by eruptions in the nearby Eifel volcano area 45 million years ago

A new facility at the ESA & # 39; s Astronaut Center plant in Cologne, Germany will soon serve as a three-part moon-analog environment on Earth, the agency announced this month.

There, scientists will simulate lunar soil and a lunar habitat, powered by systems that could someday be used to support a real moon base.

The new facility is known as Luna and will cover 1000 square meters in the Astronaut Center.

This will pave the way for future explorations to the surface of the moon, which countless agencies around the world are currently working on.

& # 39; The moon is an important focus for ESA and the next step for human exploration & # 39 ;, said ESA project manager for strategic planning and future development, Andreas Diekmann.

& # 39; Luna has been developed in collaboration with DLR and helps us build our expertise, prepare for missions to the moon and provide a platform for researchers across Europe to test technology and procedures. & # 39;

Researchers create a lunar substitute from volcanic powder produced by eruptions in the nearby Eifel volcano area, 45 million years ago.

The lunar habitat known as FlexHab (Future Lunar Exploration Habitat) is intended to be operational by the end of this year.

When it is finished, astronauts will live and work there, in a space about the size of a sea container.

The space agency currently views solar energy as the most sustainable way to work on the moon.

& # 39; During the Monday, energy from the sun will be used directly through photovoltaic panels, but it will also be used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen, & # 39; says ESA.

& # 39; These two elements are then stored separately before being recombined in a fuel cell for use during the two-week lunar nights. & # 39;

NASA has also recently stepped up its efforts to get astronauts back to the moon, decades after the last landing of the historic Apollo missions.

The space agency is currently planning to get people on the moon surface by the 2020s at the latest and set up an outpost in orbit by 2023.

These targets are dependent on recent developments in commercial space operations and the upcoming Orion spacecraft and the rocket of the space telesystem.

& # 39; This is the first opportunity for the majority of people who live today to witness a moon landing – a moment when the world breathes in & # 39 ;, NASA said earlier this year.