The Stolen Generations refers to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders who were removed from their families as children from the early 1900s to the 1970s.
The first Aboriginal Act was passed in Western Australia in 1905 and the Chief Protector became the legal guardian of each Aboriginal and & # 39; half-blooded & # 39; child younger than 16 years.
Similar laws were soon passed in other states and territories, including the New South Wales Aborigines Protection Act in 1909 and in 1911 the South Australia Aborigines Act and the Northern Territory Aboriginal Ordinance.
From the moment the first act was adopted until 1970, between one in ten and one in three indigenous children were removed from their families or communities.
In 1937, an & # 39; indigenous welfare conference created & # 39; Commonwealth / assimilation national policy.
& # 39; The fate of the natives of indigenous descent, but not of the whole blood, lies in the ultimate absorption … in view of their place in the white community on par with the whites, & # 39; explained the policy.
A referendum was held by 1967 to amend the Australian constitution and to enact laws for Aboriginal people who were also included in the census for the first time.
Two years later, all states had repealed the legislation that the removal of Aboriginal children for & # 39; protection & # 39; allowed.
In 1975, Parliament introduced Racial Discrimination Law, making racial discrimination illegal, regardless of state or territory legislation.
Eight years later, the Aboriginal Child Placement Principle is established, whereby indigenous children are placed with indigenous families when adoption is necessary.
By 1997, the parliaments and governments of Victoria, Tasmania, ACT, New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia all apologized to the stolen generations.
A report entitled Bringing Them Home submitted to Parliament recommended Prime Minister John Howard to apologize to the stolen generations, but he chose not to.
The first Sorry Day was held on May 26, 1998, remembering and commemorating the mistreatment of the Aboriginals of the country.
A memorial for the stolen generations was unveiled in 2004 and a compensation scheme for stolen generations was set up in Tasmania in 2006.
On February 13, 2008, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd issued a public apology to the stolen generations.
& # 39; We are especially thinking about the mistreatment of those who were stolen generations – this impure chapter in our country's history, & # 39; he said.
& # 39; It is now time for the nation to turn a new page in Australia's history by correcting the mistakes of the past and moving forward with confidence to the future.
& # 39; For the pain, the suffering and the pain of these stolen generations, their descendants and the families left behind, we say sorry.
& # 39; We especially apologize for removing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families, their communities, and their country. & # 39;
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